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Philippinen: Mögliche Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit müssen untersucht werden

Neuer Amnesty-Bericht: Erschreckendes Ausmaß der außergerichtlichen Hinrichtungen im sogenannten Anti-Drogenkrieg legt nahe, dass es sich dabei um Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit handelt.

Drei Jahre nach dem Beginn des so genannten Anti-Drogenkrieges der philippinischen Regierung nimmt die Zahl der Opfer außergerichtlicher Tötungen weiter dramatisch zu. Unter ihnen sind vor allem Menschen aus den armen Stadtvierteln und Regionen des Landes. Die Verantwortlichen gehen straffrei aus oder werden versetzt. Dies dokumentiert der Amnesty-Bericht „‘They just kill‘ – Ongoing extrajudicial executions and other violations in the Philippines“. Das Ausmaß der Gewalt legt nahe, dass es sich um Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit handelt. (amnesty international, 08.07.2019)

https://www.amnesty.de/allgemein/pressemitteilung/philippinen-philippinen-moegliche-verbrechen-gegen-die-menschlichkeit

Philippinen. ‘THEY JUST KILL’ - ONGOING EXTRAJUDICIAL EXECUTIONS AND OTHER VIOLATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES’ ‘WAR ON DRUGS’

In towns and cities across the Philippines, the lethal policy that the government calls the“war on drugs” continues. In the three years since President Rodrigo Duterte took office, thousands of poor people suspected of using or selling drugs, or otherwise linked to drugs, have been killed by police and unknown armed persons. While during thefirst year of Duterte’s tenure as president these killings were fairly well-documented, they often go unreported now, contributing to a perilous normalisation of extrajudicial executions, police abuses, erosion of the rule of law and victimisation of the poor in the country. This situation leavesthe victims’ families feeling even more powerless and isolated than before.

Amnesty International 2019

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA3505782019ENGLISH.PDF

Philippinen. Philippines: ‘Drug War’ Devastates Children’s Lives - Kids Suffer in President Duterte’s Brutal Campaign

(Geneva) – The Philippine government’s brutal “war on drugs” has devastated the lives of countless children, Human Rights Watch said today in a new web feature. The United Nations Human Rights Council, whose 41st session began on June 24, 2019, in Geneva, should adopt the resolution initiated by Iceland that asks the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to report on the Philippines’ “drug war” and human rights crisis. (Human Rights Watch, USA, 27.06.2019)

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/06/27/philippines-drug-war-devastates-childrens-lives

Kolumbien/USA. US Secretary of State doubles down on backing aerial coca spraying in Colombia

The US still strongly supports the resumption of aerial spraying of pesticide on Colombian coca fields, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told a Senate panel Tuesday. (colombiareports.com, 12.06.2019)

https://colombiareports.com/us-secretary-of-state-doubles-down-on-backing-aerial-spraying-of-coca-fields

Philippinen. The Melancholy of Killercops in the Philippines Drug War (Part 1-3)

Rodrigo Duterte says he wants to eradicate the evil in the Philippines. His cops execute thousands of people for alleged involvement with drugs. The crowd cheers. But Nino Cerrado, an officer in Manila's anti-drug unit, is plagued with guilt. (Benedict Wermter in: Talking Drugs, UK, 13.05.2019)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/the-melancholy-of-killercops-pt-1

Afghanistan. New US airstrikes obscure a dramatic development in the Afghan drugs industry – the proliferation of low cost methamphetamine

Earlier this month US and Afghan forces bombed 68 drugs labs in South-western Afghanistan, claiming that they caused the Taliban losses of over $1 million per day. David Mansfield and Alexander Soderholm write that not only have the effects of these strikes been exaggerated, their promotion obscures a new reality on the ground: a dramatic growth in the methamphetamine industry in Afghanistan, fuelled by a ready supply of a home grown ephedra crop. (London School of Economics, US Center, 28.05.2019)

https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2019/05/28/new-us-airstrikes-obscure-a-dramatic-development-in-the-afghan-drugs-industry-the-proliferation-of-low-cost-methamphetamine/

Kolumbien. In Colombia’s Tumaco, the war isn’t over, it’s just beginning - ‘There’s a limit to how much hunger a person can bear’

Almost three years have passed since a much-vaunted peace deal brought an end to the longest-running conflict in the western hemisphere. Try telling that to the people of Tumaco, where the murder rate is four times Colombia’s national average and violent clashes have displaced at least 2,700 people already in 2019. (The New Humanitarian, 23.05.2019)

https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/special-report/2019/05/23/colombia-tumaco-dissidents-war-over-just-beginning-farc-coca

Mexiko/USA. Mexico president says no to US security plan

Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said Tuesday he wants the United States to end a security assistance program called the Merida Initiative and instead invest in economic development in Mexico and Central America. (afp, 08.05.2019)

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/mexico-president-says-no-to-us-security-plan/ar-AAB2yAk

The war on drugs is incompatible with the fight against HIV

The Lancet HIV , Volume 6 , Issue 5 , e269  (Editorial)

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanhiv/article/PIIS2352-3018(19)30112-2/fulltext

Niederlande. Booby trap scuppers police raid on Dutch floating crystal meth lab 

Forensic experts were forced off cargo ship when it suddenly began taking on water. (The Guardian, UK, 13.05.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/13/netherlands-police-raid-cargo-ship-crystal-meth-lab-moerdijk

Brasilien. The Brazilian Harm Reduction Community Is Calling for Help

The renewed commitment to the war on drugs approach of president Bolsonaro is threatening the achievements of the Brazilian harm reduction movement. Watch our videos! (Drug Reporter, Ungarn, 07.05.2019)

https://drogriporter.hu/en/brazil19/

Mexiko. Drogenkrieg in Mexiko: So setzen Kartelle Drohnen als Waffen ein

In Ländern wie Mexiko nutzen Gangs und Syndikate zunehmend Drohnen für ihre Geschäfte. Sogar Sprengsätze werden inzwischen damit transportiert. Der US-Grenzschutz ist überfordert mit dem Phänomen. (Spiegel online, 23.04.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/netzwelt/netzpolitik/drogenkrieg-in-mexiko-so-setzen-kartelle-drohnen-als-waffen-ein-a-1257400.html

Philippinen. Rage Against the Dying of the Light: In Search of Justice in the Philippines

Principles of justice and human rights in the Philippines have been deeply eroded by President Rodrigo Duterte’s so-called drug war, but a group of human rights defenders are intent on changing that. (TalkingDrugs, UK, 29.04.2019)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/in-search-of-justice-in-the-philippines

Afghanistan. Denying Revenue or Wasting Money? Assessing the Impact of the Air Campaign Against ‘Drugs Labs’ in Afghanistan

(London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), LSE International Drug Policy Unit, David Mansfield, April 2019)

http://www.lse.ac.uk/united-states/Assets/Documents/mansfield-april-update.pdf

Mexico murder rate soars to unprecedented levels in 2019, data shows

Despite official pledges to curb the ever-growing murder rate in Mexico, it seems to only be on the uptick. (Fox News, USA, 22.04.2019)

https://www.foxnews.com/world/murder-rate-in-mexico-climbs-to-unprecedented-levels

Kolumbien. Situation of human rights in Colombia - Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the High Commissioner and the Secretary-General, Human Rights Council, Fortieth session, 25 February–22 March 2019

https://undocs.org/A/HRC/40/3/ADD.3

Kolumbien. Uptick in Colombia Massacres Highlights Shifting Criminal Dynamics

A new United Nations report has revealed a scandalous increase in the number of massacres carried out in Colombia, revealing new criminal dynamics in strategic areas of the country. (InSight Crime, USA, 22.04.2019)

https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/uptick-colombia-massacres-shifting-criminal-dynamics/

Afghanistan. How the US military's opium war in Afghanistan was lost

The US has spent $1.5m (£1.15m) a day since 2001 fighting the opium war in Afghanistan. So why is business still booming? (BBC, UK, 25.04.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-47861444

Mexiko. Guerrero farmers detain soldiers to protest against destroying poppies

40 were detained for 24 hours, a citizens said, but the state denied they were held against their will 

(...) Prices for Mexican opium gum plummeted by as much as 80% last year due to the rise in demand for the synthetic opioid fentanyl among United States drug users, according to an independent study. (Mexico News, 12.04.2019)

https://mexiconewsdaily.com/news/guerrero-farmers-detain-soldiers/

Mexiko. Opium prices plummeted as much as 80% in 2018, hurting farmers - Fentanyl is replacing heroin among US drug users

(Mexico News Daily, 18.03.2019)

https://mexiconewsdaily.com/news/opium-prices-plummeted/

Mexiko/China/USA/Kanada. No More Opium for the Masses

This report analyzes the socio-political effects of U.S. fentanyl use on the opium and heroin economy in Mexico. (NORIA – Network of Researchers in International Affairs, 10.02.2019)

https://www.noria-research.com/no-more-opium-for-the-masses/

How the War on Drugs Attacks Indigenous Culture

In an ongoing and under-publicised tragedy, indigenous peoples around the world routinely have their rights violated under the name of the global drug war. (TALKING DRUGS, UK, 10.04.2019)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/how-the-war-on-drugs-attacks-indigenous-culture

Afghanistan. Poppy Cultivation and Potential Opium Production in Afghanistan

The annual United States Government estimate of “Afghanistan Poppy Cultivation and Potential Opium Production” found poppy cultivation decreased in 2018 compared to 2017, but remained at a near record high.  Poppy cultivation in Afghanistan declined 33 percent, from 329,000 hectares in 2017 to 221,000 hectares in 2018.  Similarly, potential pure opium production dropped by 42 percent, from 9,140 metric tons in 2017 to 5,330 metric tons in 2018.  The decline in cultivation and potential pure production are attributed to large areas of drought in Afghanistan and low opium prices driven by a record 2017 crop. (The White House – Office of National Drug Control Policy, 11.04.2019)

https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/poppy-cultivation-potential-opium-production-afghanistan/

Weißrussland. Narcotisation and authoritarianism: A film about the drug war in Belarus (Video)

The film tells a story about the anti-drug law enforcement practice, prison conditions in the penitentiary institutions of Belarus, and everyday life challenges that former prisoners and people who use drugs face. To convey to the viewer the origins of stereotypes, numerous clips from the anti-drug videos of the USSR, Russia, and Belarus are used in the film. (Drug Reporter, Ungarn, 01.04.2019, Video, 43:13)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YvT5f0g7F34

USA/Mexiko. Trump delays closing US-Mexico border for at least a year

President Donald Trump says he will give Mexico a year to stem the flow of illegal drugs and migrants over the southern border, or he will impose auto tariffs, and if they don't work, he will shut the border. (CNBC, USA, 04.04.2019)

https://www.cnbc.com/2019/04/04/trump-gives-mexico-a-year-to-stem-the-flow-of-drugs-and-migrants-or-he-will-impose-auto-tariffs-or-close-the-border.html

Modeling cocaine traffickers and counterdrug interdiction forces as a complex adaptive system

Nicholas R. Magliocca, Kendra McSweeney, Steven E. Sesnie, Elizabeth Tellman, Jennifer A. Devine, Erik A. Nielsen, Zoe Pearson, David J. Wrathall

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Apr 2019, 201812459; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1812459116 

https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/03/26/1812459116

USA. ‘NarcoLogic’ computer model shows unintended consequences of cocaine interdiction 

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Efforts to curtail the flow of cocaine into the United States from South America have made drug trafficking operations more widespread and harder to eradicate, according to new research published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (Oregon State University, USA, 02.04.2019)

https://today.oregonstate.edu/news/%E2%80%98narcologic%E2%80%99-computer-model-shows-unintended-consequences-cocaine-interdiction

Kolumbien. Needs mount in Colombia as peace commitments lag 

“You can’t just silence guns, you also have to silence inequality” (The New Humanitarian, Schweiz, 25.03.2019)

https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/analysis/2019/03/25/briefing-needs-mount-colombia-peace-commitments-lag

Philippinen. “You Haven’t Died Yet?”: President Duterte Lists Politicians Allegedly Involved in Drugs, Ahead of Elections 

Philippines’ President Rodrigo Duterte has named 45 politicians who he claims to be involved with the illegal drug trade, ahead of the country’s general election. (Talking Drugs, UK, 14.03.2019)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/president-duterte-lists-politicians-allegedly-involved-in-drugs-ahead-of