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Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome (NOWS): A Transgenerational Echo of the Opioid Crisis. 

Weller AE, Crist RC, Reiner BC, Doyle GA, Berrettini WH. 

Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2021 Mar 1;11(3):a039669. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a039669. PMID: 32229609; PMCID: PMC7919394.


Characterization of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome in Arizona from 2010-2017. 

Eaves ER, Barber J, Whealy R, Clancey SA, Wright R, Cocking JH, Spadafino J, Hepp CM. 

PLoS One. 2021 Jun 3;16(6):e0248476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0248476. PMID: 34081702; PMCID: PMC8174702.


Neonatal Outcomes after Combined Opioid and Nicotine Exposure in Utero: A Scoping Review. 

Isaacs KR, Atreyapurapu S, Alyusuf AH, Ledgerwood DM, Finnegan LP, Chang KHK, Ma TX, Washio Y. 

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Sep 28;18(19):10215. doi: 10.3390/ijerph181910215. PMID: 34639512; PMCID: PMC8508043.


Informing the Development of a Standardized Clinical Definition of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Protocol for a Modified-Delphi Expert Panel. 

Khodyakov D, Jilani SM, Dellva S, Faherty LJ. 

JMIR Res Protoc. 2021 Sep 7;10(9):e25387. doi: 10.2196/25387. PMID: 34491203.


Increasing usage of mother’s own milk in neonates at risk of neonatal abstinence syndrome: MOM-NAS quality improvement initiative. 

Shukla, S., Hanna, I., Cortez, J. et al.

J Perinatol (2021). doi.org/10.1038/s41372-021-01209-0



Neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome: a review of the science and a look toward the use of buprenorphine for affected infants.

Devlin LA, Young LW, Kraft WK, Wachman EM, Czynski A, Merhar SL, Winhusen T, Jones HE, Poindexter BB, Wakschlag LS, Salisbury AL, Matthews AG, Davis JM. 

J Perinatol. 2021 Sep 23:1–7. doi: 10.1038/s41372-021-01206-3. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34556799; PMCID: PMC8459143.


Improving Hospital Care of Opioid-Exposed Newborns: Successes and Remaining Questions. 

Goyal NK, Kair LR. 

Hosp Pediatr. 2020 Sep;10(9):823-825. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2020-001149. Epub 2020 Aug 7. PMID: 32769085; PMCID: PMC7446543.


Improving the Assessment of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS). 

Chin Foo CA, Dansereau LM, Hawes K, Oliveira EL, Lester BM. 

Children (Basel). 2021 Aug 9;8(8):685. doi: 10.3390/children8080685. PMID: 34438576; PMCID: PMC8394483.


Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Practices in the United States. 

Byerley EM, Mohamed MW, Grindeland CJ, Muzzy Williamson JD. 

J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2021;26(6):577-583. doi: 10.5863/1551-6776-26.6.577. Epub 2021 Aug 16. PMID: 34421406; PMCID: PMC8372852.


Predictors of Length of Stay and Cost of Hospitalization of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in the United States. 

Bhatt P, Umscheid J, Parmar N, Vasudeva R, Patel KG, Ameley A, Donda K, Policano B, Dapaah-Siakwan F. 

Cureus. 2021 Jul 7;13(7):e16248. doi: 10.7759/cureus.16248. PMID: 34373810; PMCID: PMC8346607.


Effect of Low Lactose Formula on the Short-Term Outcomes of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Systematic Review. 

Alsaleem M, Dusin J, Akangire G. 

Glob Pediatr Health. 2021 Jul 22;8:2333794X211035258. doi: 10.1177/2333794X211035258. PMID: 34368403; PMCID: PMC8312188.


Dextromethorphan Dampens Neonatal Astrocyte Activation and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Induced by Prenatal Exposure to Buprenorphine. 

Lin CH, Tao PL, Tsay HJ, Chiang YC, Chang WT, Ho IK, Shie FS. 

Behav Neurol. 2021 Jul 10;2021:6301458. doi: 10.1155/2021/6301458. PMID: 34336001; PMCID: PMC8289573.


Ear Acupuncture Points in Neonates From Drug-Dependent Mothers: A Prospective Study. 

Stähler van Amerongen K, Kuhn A, Surbek D, Nelle M. 

Front Pediatr. 2021 Jun 17;9:668248. doi: 10.3389/fped.2021.668248. PMID: 34222143; PMCID: PMC8247637.


Cochrane. Opioid treatment for opioid withdrawal in newborn infants. 

Zankl A, Martin J, Davey JG, Osborn DA. 

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2021, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD002059. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002059.pub4.



Prenatal Methamphetamine Exposure: Effects on Child Development. 

Harst L, Deckert S, Haarig F, Reichert J, Dinger J, Hellmund P, Schmitt J, Rüdiger M.

Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2021 May 7;118(18):313-319. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.m2021.0128. PMID: 34140080.


Poverty and Excess Length of Hospital Stay in Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome. 

Vesoulis ZA, Lust CE, Cohlan BA, Liao SM, Mathur AM. 

J Addict Med. 2020 Mar/Apr;14(2):113-118. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000540. PMID: 31149915; PMCID: PMC6881526.


The Negative Impact of Maternal Perinatal Opioid Use on Neonatal Outcomes. 

Gandhi KD, Schak KM, Vande JL, Shekunov J, Lynch BA, Rummans TA, Geske JR, Pease ER, Limbeck MG, Desai J, Croarkin PE, Romanowicz M. 

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord. 2021 Jun 10;23(3):20m02737. doi: 10.4088/PCC.20m02737. PMID: 34115451.


A Retrospective Review Following the Addition of Clonidine to a Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Treatment Algorithm. 

Bader MY, Zaghloul N, Repholz A, Nagy N, Ahmed MN, Thompson L, Kylat RI. 

Front Pediatr. 2021 Jun 7;9:632836. doi: 10.3389/fped.2021.632836. PMID: 34164354; PMCID: PMC8215153.


Project Console: a quality improvement initiative for neonatal abstinence syndrome in a children's hospital level IV neonatal intensive care unit. 

Ponder KL, Egesdal C, Kuller J, Joe P. 

BMJ Open Qual. 2021 May;10(2):e001079. doi: 10.1136/bmjoq-2020-001079. PMID: 33941537; PMCID: PMC8098972.


Stability-indicating LC-MS Method for Determination of Stability of Extemporaneously Compounded Buprenorphine Oral Syringes for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. 

Rochani A, Nguyen V, Becker R, Kraft W, Kaushal G. 

J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2021;26(4):395-404. doi: 10.5863/1551-6776-26.4.395. Epub 2021 May 19. PMID: 34035685; PMCID: PMC8139563.


Utilizing Pediatric Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Models to Examine Factors That Contribute to Methadone Pharmacokinetic Variability in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Patients. 

McPhail BT, Emoto C, Fukuda T, Butler D, Wiles JR, Akinbi H, Vinks AA. 

J Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Apr;60(4):453-465. doi: 10.1002/jcph.1538. Epub 2019 Dec 9. PMID: 31820437; PMCID: PMC7336467.


Pränatale Methamphetamin-Exposition: Auswirkungen auf die kindliche Entwicklung - Ein systematisches Review

Prenatal methamphetamine exposure: effects on child development

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2021; 118: 313-9; DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.m2021.0128

Harst, Lorenz; Deckert, Stefanie; Haarig, Frederik; Reichert, Jörg; Dinger, Jürgen; Hellmund, Peter; Schmitt, Jochen; Rüdiger, Mario


The Time is NOW: Filling the Gaps in Treatment of Opioid-Exposed Infants: A Prospective, Pragmatic, Randomized Control Drug Trial. 

Czynski AJ, Laptook AR. 

R I Med J (2013). 2021 Apr 1;104(3):17-21. PMID: 33789403.


Preschool Language Development of Children Born to Women with an Opioid Use Disorder. 

Kim HM, Bone RM, McNeill B, Lee SJ, Gillon G, Woodward LJ. 

Children (Basel). 2021 Mar 31;8(4):268. doi: 10.3390/children8040268. PMID: 33807265.


Placental OPRM1 DNA methylation and associations with neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome, a pilot study. 

Wachman EM, Wang A, Isley BC, Boateng J, Beierle JA, Hansbury A, Shrestha H, Bryant C, Zhang H. 

Explor Med. 2020 Jun;1(3):124-135. doi: 10.37349/emed.2020.00009. Epub 2020 Jun 29. PMID: 33763662; PMCID: PMC7985727.


Using buprenorphine to treat neonatal abstinence syndrome: a quality improvement study. 

Bhandary S, Lambeth T, Holmes A, Pylipow M. J Perinatol. 2021 Mar 23. doi: 10.1038/s41372-021-01035-4. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33758394.



Paralytic ileus in the neonate as a rare complication of maternal methadone treatment - a case report. 

Emery JD, Samedi VM, Bingham WT. 

Oxf Med Case Reports. 2021 Mar 8;2021(3):omab004. doi: 10.1093/omcr/omab004. PMID: 33732483; PMCID: PMC7947274.


Maternal Methadone Destabilizes Neonatal Breathing and Desensitizes Neonates to Opioid-Induced Respiratory Frequency Depression. 

Hocker AD, Morrison NR, Selby ML, Huxtable AG. 

Front Physiol. 2021 Feb 25;12:604593. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.604593. PMID: 33716765; PMCID: PMC7946987.


Necrotizing enterocolitis and its association with the neonatal abstinence syndrome. 

Andrews L, Davies TH, Haas J, Loudin S, Heyward A, Werthammer J. 

J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2020;13(1):81-85. doi: 10.3233/NPM-180154. PMID: 32280068; PMCID: PMC7242835.


Prenatal Opioid Exposure and ADHD Childhood Symptoms: A Meta-Analysis. 

Schwartz AN, Reyes LM, Meschke LL, Kintziger KW. 

Children (Basel). 2021 Feb 4;8(2):106. doi: 10.3390/children8020106. PMID: 33557208; PMCID: PMC7913969.