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Iran. Iran: At least 251 Executed; Sharp Rise in Executions in First Six Months of 2022

Iran Human Rights (IHRNGO); July 1, 2022: At least 251 people including six women and 67 Baluch minorities were executed in Iranian prisons in the first six months of 2022. This is double the number of executions in the same period in 2021 when 117 people were executed. (Iran Human Rights Net, 01.07.2022)


Singapur. Singapore: UN experts call for immediate moratorium on executions for drug offences

GENEVA (29 July 2022) – UN experts* today condemned the execution of Nazeri Bin Lajim, a 64-year-old Malay Singaporean national convicted of drug offenses and urged the Government of Singapore to halt plans to execute individuals on death row for drugrelated charges.

There has been a sharp rise in execution notices issued in Singapore this year. (United Nations, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Genf, 29.07.2022)


Schweiz. Behandlung von Opioidabhängigkeit: Sind Urinproben legitim?

Carole-Anne Baud, Dr. iur., SNF-Forscherin, Universität Lausanne , Barbara Broers, Professorin in Suchtmedizin, Universitätsspital Genf, Valérie Junod, Rechtprofessorin, Universitäten Genf und Lausanne, Caroline Schmitt-Koopmann, Master in Pharmazeutischen Wissenschaften, Doktorandin, Universität Lausanne, Olivier Simon, Lehr- und Forschungsbeauftragter, Suchtmedizin, Universitätsspital Lausanne 

Schweizerische Ärztezeitung, 24.05.2022, Anmerkung der Autorinnen und Autoren: Dieses Positionspapier ist eine für Angehörige der Gesundheitsberufe bestimmte Anpassung des juristischen Artikels: Junod V, Baud C-A, Broers B, Schmitt-Koopmann C, Simon O. Tests urinaires dans le traitement médical de la dépendance aux opioïdes: Fin d’une pratique anachronique? sui generis. 2021;331–40.?) 


USA. Trump Urges Death Penalty for Drug Dealers: 'China Has No Drug Problem'

Former President Donald Trump says the U.S. should model its response to the illegal narcotics trade on China, where he said accused drug dealers are executed after swift trials. (Newsweek, USA, 09.07.2022)


Singapur. Singapore carries out fifth execution since March

Nazeri bin Lajim was hanged early on Friday morning for drug offences, the latest in a ‘relentless wave’ of executions. (Al Jazeera, Katar, 22.07.2022)


Racial and ethnic differences in alcohol, cannabis, and illicit substance use treatment: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of studies done in the USA

Jordan, Ayana et al.

The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 9, Issue 8, 660 - 675 


Health and Human Rights Journal, Volume 24, Issue 1, June 2022 - Special Section: Compulsory Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation, Health, and Human Rights

Compulsory Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation, Health, and Human Rights is a special section of Volume 24, Issue 1, of the Health and Human Rights Journal, developed in collaboration with the Joint United Nations Programme for HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the Pacific



Human rights and HIV/AIDS - Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

United Nations, General Assembly, Human Rights Council, Fiftieth session, 13 June–8 July 2022, Agenda items 2 and 3

Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the High Commissioner and the Secretary-General


Singapur. Singapore to hang 2nd Indian-origin drug trafficker in 3 months, appeal fails

In April, Singapore executed Indian-origin Nagaenthran Dharmalingam, who had been on death row for over a decade after being convicted of trafficking about 43 grams of heroin. (Hindustan Times, Indien, 06.07.2022)


Singapur. Singapore: End wave of hangings and immediately impose moratorium on executions

Responding to the execution of Malaysian national Kalwant Singh in Singapore, together with that of another man, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director for Research Emerlynne Gil said: 

“Singapore has once again executed people convicted of drug-related offenses in violation of international law, callously disregarding public outcry.”  

“Going against a worldwide trend towards abolishing the death penalty, Singapore is just one of four countries known to have executed people for drug-related offenses in recent years. The death penalty is never the solution and we oppose it unconditionally. There is no evidence that it acts as a unique deterrent to crime.”  (amnesty international, UK, 07.07.2022)


Schweiz. Methadonprogramm: Urinprobe verletzt die Grundrechte

Die Proben seien ein Eingriff in die Privatsphäre, sagen Fachleute. Sie fordern eine Abkehr von dieser Praxis. (NZZ – Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Schweiz, 09.07.2022, kostenlose Anmeldung erforderlich)


Prise de position destinée aux professionnels de la santé: Traitement de la dépendance aux opioïdes: tests urinaires légitimes? 

Valérie Junod, Carole-Anne Baud, Barbara Broers, Caroline Schmitt-Koopmann, Olivier Simon

Schweiz Ärzteztg. 2022;103(10):324-327, doi.org/10.4414/saez.2022.20422

Das Wichtigste in Kürze 

  • Menschen mit einem Opioidabhängigkeitsyndrom wird ein langwirksames Opioid verschrieben. Diese Opioid-Agonisten-Therapien (OAT) verhindern Todesfälle, verbessern die Lebensqualität und verringern die Zahl von Infektionen. 
  • Im Rahmen dieser Behandlungen werden Urintests (UTs) verwendet, um festzustellen, ob die behandelten Personen weiterhin andere Substanzen konsumieren. Gemäss den ­Autorinnen sind diese Tests jedoch umstritten. 
  • Die UTs verletzen die Rechte der behandelten Personen und werden in den jüngsten internationalen Empfehlungen nicht mehr erwähnt. 
  • Die kantonalen Behörden sollten davon absehen, UTs während einer OAT anzuordnen oder zu empfehlen. Der UT ist nur einzuführen, wenn die in Behandlung befindliche Person dies beantragt. Ausserdem sollte aufgezeigt werden, wo die Grenzen dieser Tests als Motivationsinstrument liegen. 
  • Ob im Strafvollzug, in der Psychologie oder in der Suchttherapie – es muss ein Perspektivenwechsel angestrebt werden. Die UTs dürfen nicht für nichtmedizinische Kontrollzwecke missbraucht werden. 


End ‘war on drugs’ and promote policies rooted in human rights: UN experts

International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, 26 June 2022

GENEVA (24 June 2022) – UN human rights experts* have called on the international community to bring an end to the so-called “war on drugs” and promote drug policies that are firmly anchored in human rights. Ahead of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking on 26 June 2022, the experts issued the following statement. (United Nations, Human Rights, Office of the High Commissioner, 24.06.2022)


Aligning drug policies with human rights - Statement by the UNHCHR

(Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), 07.06.2022)


Singapur. “We were like strays”: A life marked by drugs, incarceration, and the death penalty

Singapore's death penalty for drug offences sees a binary between "victims" of drugs and "predator" traffickers. Nazeri bin Lajim's experiences show that the reality is much more complex. (wethecitizens.net, Singapur, 30.05.2022)


Malaysia. Malaysia to get rid of ‘mandatory’ death sentences

Malaysia on Friday announced a stop to the mandatory death penalty — required death sentences for some crimes, including nonviolent drug trafficking offenses. Rights groups cautiously welcomed the move. (Washington Post, USA, 10.06.2022)



Pompidou Group of the Council of Europe, April 2022


Access to oral care is a human rights issue: a community action report from the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, Canada. 

Jozaghi E, Vandu, Maynard R, Khoshnoudian Y, Brondani MA. 

Harm Reduct J. 2022 May 2;19(1):42. doi: 10.1186/s12954-022-00626-4. PMID: 35501857; PMCID: PMC9059447.


USA. Tracking the opioid overdose crisis. Have Black and White communities in America been affected the same?

Since the late 1990s, the United States has been experiencing an unprecedented overdose crisis driven primarily by opioids. Understanding how racial-ethnic groups may be differentially affected by this public health crisis is key to tailoring support and services. This study compared opioid overdose death rates between Black and White Americans from the beginning of the overdose crisis in 1999 to 2018. (RRI – Recovery Research Institute, USA, Mai 2022)


Nigeria. Briefing paper: Torture and ill-treatment against people who use drugs in Nigeria

This report presents evidence on the physical and mental violence faced by people who use drugs in Nigeria. The information included in this report has been collected through a mixed methodsapproachthatincludesdeskresearch and a survey of 79 people who use drugs and other stakeholders in 5 Nigerian states. (Chinwike Okereke, Adrià Cots Fernández & Maria-Goretti Loglo, International Drug Policy Consortium, April 2022)


Singapur. Singapore: UN human rights experts urge immediate death penalty moratorium

GENEVA (12 May 2022) – UN human rights experts* today called on the Government of Singapore to immediately impose a moratorium on the use of the death penalty, and said its continued use of capital punishment for drug-related crimes ran contrary to international law. (United Nations Human Rights, Office of the High Commissioner, Genf, 12.05.2022)


Singapur. Statement: Singapore Carries Out Second Execution for Drugs in a Month

LONDON, 27 April – Nagaenthran Dharmalingam was executed in Singapore today, despite international outcry and widespread condemnation from human rights activists, the Malaysian government, United Nations experts on human rights, the European Union and prominent personalities including businessmen Richard Branson and actor Stephen Fry. Nagaenthran, who was only 21 years old at the time of his arrest, had spent over a decade on death row for carrying the equivalent of approximately three tablespoons of diamorphine. He suffered from mental health challenges and had cognitive disabilities, both of which should have provided a moral and legal basis to stop his execution. (HRI – Harm Reduction International, UK, 27.04.2022)


Singapur. Singapore executes man on drugs charge, rejecting mental disability plea

Malaysian drug smuggler has been executed in Singapore, despite pleas for clemency because he was intellectually impaired. 

Nagaenthran Dharmalingam was caught with about three tablespoons of heroin and had been on death row since 2010.

His case was highly controversial as he was assessed by a medical expert to have an IQ of 69 - a level that indicates an intellectual disability.

But the government said he "clearly understood the nature of his acts". (BBC, UK, 27.04.2022)


Asien/Singapur: Death penalty for drugs: Will 2022 signal sea change in ASEAN?

On March 30, Singapore executed Abdul Kahar bin Othman, a local man sentenced to death for drug offenses and the first person to be executed in Singapore in since 2019. Othman had been unable to appeal his execution because he did not have a lawyer. Eight of the 35 countries that still retain the death penalty for drug offenses are in Southeast Asia and were responsible for a staggering 91.5 percent of all confirmed death sentences given for drug offenses worldwide, according to the Global Review 2021 from Harm Reduction International (HRI). (The Jakarta Post, Indonesien, 05.04.2022)


Human rights and drug use: an interview with Gabriele Fischer (audio)

In this interview, Professor Gabriele Fischer discusses what first interested her about applying human rights work to people who use drugs. She outlines the implications of United Nations (UN) human rights treaties and their relevance to psychiatry. She also talks about the importance of incorporating family planning and trauma-informed care into treatment services, and some of the international issues around coercion in treatment. (SSA – Society for the Stus´dy ofe Addiction, 30.03.2022, Audio, 28:07)


Singapur. Gericht lehnt letzten Einspruch gegen Hinrichtung eines geistig Behinderten ab 

In Singapur gelten strikte Betäubungsmittelgesetze. Nun soll ein geistig behinderter Mann, der wegen eines Drogendelikts zum Tode verurteilt wurde, hingerichtet werden. Die Familie spricht von »einer schrecklichen Tortur«. (Spiegel online, 29.03.2022)


Death Penalty For Drug Offences: Global Overview 2021

Harm Reduction International has monitored the use of the death penalty for drug offences worldwide since our first ground-breaking publication on this issue in 2007. This report, our eleventh on the subject, continues our work of providing regular updates on legislative, policy and practical developments related to the use of capital punishment for drug offences, a practice which is a clear violation of international law. (HRI – Harm Reduction International, London, 2022)


USA. Prisoner Who Sued for Access to OUD Meds Is in Solitary as “Retaliation”

The man at the center of a pivotal legal battle over access to methadone while incarcerated has been held in continuous solitary confinement for more than five months, in what the New York Civil Liberties Union alleges is retaliation for taking legal action. (Filter, USA, 15.02.2022)


Singapur. Joint statement urging Singapore to halt the impending execution of Roslan bin Bakar and another person for a drug offence

Harm Reduction International (HRI), the International Network of People who Use Drugs (INPUD) and the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), urge the Singaporean Government to immediately halt the impending execution of Roslan bin Bakar and another person on death row for a drug offence, which is scheduled for this Wednesday 16 February 2022; and call on UN entities including OHCHR and UNODC, the European Union and its Member States, the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights and all relevant stakeholders to take urgent action. (Harm Reduction International (HRI), International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), International Network of People Who Use Drugs (INPUD), 15.02.2022)


Singapur. Singapore: Stop resumption of hangings after two years of no executions

Responding to reports that the Singapore government plans to resume executions as early as Wednesday, 16 February, Rachel Chhoa-Howard, Amnesty International’s Singapore researcher, said: 

“Following more than two years of no executions in 2020 and 2021, it is appalling that the Singapore government is planning to resume this cruel practice imminently. Executing individuals who have been sentenced for drug related offences and to the mandatory death penalty is in breach of restrictions under international law.  (amnesty international, UK, 15.02.2022)