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Association between alcohol and crack: Prevalence, effects, associated factors and experiences of combined use. 

Teodósio Valois-Santos N, Almeida RBFd, Jacques IdJAA, Santos DdP, Silva KSdBe, Nappo SA, et al. (2021) 

PLoS ONE 16(9): e0256414. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0256414


Pilot study of extended-release lorcaserin for cocaine use disorder among men who have sex with men: A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. 

Santos G-M, Ikeda J, Coffin P, Walker JE, Matheson T, McLaughlin M, et al. (2021) 

PLoS ONE 16(7): e0254724. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254724


Oral changes in cocaine abusers: an integrative review. 

Melo CAA, Guimarães HRG, Medeiros RCF, Souza GCA, Santos PBDD, Tôrres ACSP. 

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2021 May 14:S1808-8694(21)00083-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2021.04.011. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34034978.


Cocaine and Cardiotoxicity: A Literature Review. 

Pergolizzi JV Jr, Magnusson P, LeQuang JAK, Breve F, Varrassi G. 

Cureus. 2021 Apr 20;13(4):e14594. doi: 10.7759/cureus.14594. PMID: 34036012; PMCID: PMC8136464.


Crack Cocaine with Professor Carl Hart (Podcast)

The Drug Science Podcast, Episode 35, UK, 28.04.2021)


Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Cocaine Use Disorder: A 18-years Addiction Cohort Study. 

Sanvisens A, Hernández-Rubio A, Zuluaga P, Fuster D, Papaseit E, Galan S, Farré M, Muga R. 

Front Pharmacol. 2021 Feb 18;12:625610. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.625610. PMID: 33679404; PMCID: PMC7930813.


Cocaine Body Packing: A New Record. 

Tanna R, Bostina R, Lloyd G, Patel NM, Bastianpillai J. 

Cureus. 2020 Nov 27;12(11):e11728. doi: 10.7759/cureus.11728. PMID: 33269176; PMCID: PMC7704267.


Cocaine vaccine dAd5GNE protects against moderate daily and high-dose “binge” cocaine use. 

Havlicek DF, Rosenberg JB, De BP, Hicks MJ, Sondhi D, Kaminsky SM, et al. (2020) 

PLoS ONE 15(11): e0239780. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239780


Cocaine and methamphetamine: Pharmacology and dental implications. 

Nassar P, Ouanounou A. 

Can J Dent Hyg. 2020 Jun 1;54(2):75-82. PMID: 33240367; PMCID: PMC7668266.


Cocaine, cardiomyopathy, and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. 

Arenas DJ, Beltran S, Zhou S, Goldberg LR. 

Sci Rep. 2020 Nov 13;10(1):19795. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-76273-1. PMID: 33188223; PMCID: PMC7666138.


Cocaine-Related Aortic Dissection: what do we know? 

Greve D, Funke J, Khairi T, Montagner M, Starck C, Falk V, Sá MPBO, Kurz SD. 

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Oct 1;35(5):764-769. doi: 10.21470/1678-9741-2020-0333. PMID: 33118742; PMCID: PMC7598981.


Cocaine treatment demands in 10 western European countries: observed trends between 2011 and 2018. 

Antoine, J., Berndt, N., Astudillo, M., Cairns, D., Jahr, S., Jones, A., Kuijpers, W., Llorens, N., Lyons, S., Maffli, E., Magliocchetti, N., Molina Olivas, M., Palle, C., Schwarzkopf, L., Wisselink, J., and Montanari, L. (2020) 

Addiction, doi.org/10.1111/add.15237


Cocaine added to heroin fails to affect heroin-induced brain hypoxia 

Thomas SA, Perekopskiy D, Kiyatkin EA. 

[published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 6]. Brain Res. 2020;1746:147008. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2020.147008


Cocaine added to heroin fails to affect heroin-induced brain hypoxia 

Kampman KM. The treatment of cocaine use disorder. 

Kampman KM. 

Sci Adv. 2019;5(10):eaax1532. Published 2019 Oct 16. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aax1532



Agurto C, Norel R, Pietrowicz M, Parvaz M, Kinreich S, Bachi K, Cecchi G, Goldstein RZ.

Proc IEEE Int Conf Acoust Speech Signal Process. 2019 May;2019:6391-6394. doi: 10.1109/icassp.2019.8682691. 


Cocaine resource 

With cocaine purity at an all time high and cocaine related hospital admissions in Scotland having doubled in the past year, we thought it was important to release an in-depth harm reduction resource on cocaine. (CREW, UK, 02.04.2020)


The treatment of cocaine use disorder.

Kampman KM.

Sci Adv. 2019 Oct 16;5(10):eaax1532. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax1532.


USA. Exclusive NYPD Data Reveals Just How Often Fentanyl Is in Cocaine

Big claims have been made about the infiltration of fentanyl into America's cocaine supply. So we got some hard data. (vice, USA, 30.07.2019)


Crack cocaine and dreams: the view of users.

Silva TRD, Nappo SA.

Cien Saude Colet. 2019 Mar;24(3):1091-1099. doi: 10.1590/1413-81232018243.05072017. Portuguese, English. 


Cognitive functions of subjects with cocaine and crack dependency disorder during early abstinence.

Alonso-Matias L, Reyes-Zamorano E, Gonzalez-Olvera JJ.

Rev Neurol. 2019 Apr 1;68(7):271-280. doi: 10.33588/rn.6807.2018119. Spanish, English. 


Expectation effects on brain dopamine responses to methylphenidate in cocaine use disorder.

Wang GJ, Wiers CE, Shumay E, Tomasi D, Yuan K, Wong CT, Logan J, Fowler JS, Volkow ND.

Transl Psychiatry. 2019 Feb 15;9(1):93. doi: 10.1038/s41398-019-0421-x.


Pharmacotherapy for Stimulant Use Disorders: A Systematic Review [Internet].

Chan B, Kondo K, Ayers C, Freeman M, Montgomery J, Paynter R, Kansagara D.

Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2018 Aug.


Schweiz. Gibt es einen Kokain-Genusskonsum?

Lars Stark, ARUD, Zürich, Konferenz Nightlife-und Freizeitdrogenkonsum, Luzern, 24.01.2019


Schweiz. Ist risikoarmer Kokainkonsum möglich?

Boris B. Quednow, Experimental and Clinical Pharmacopsychology,Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and PsychosomaticsPsychiatric Hospital, University of Zurich

Konferenz Nightlife-und Freizeitdrogenkonsum, Luzern, 24.01.2019


USA. Fentanyl in cocaine: The deadly truth of new drugs cocktail (Video)

The US government has warned that a surge in cocaine deaths is being exacerbated by the presence of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid 80-100 times stronger than morphine. (BBC, 26.11.2018, Video, 09:55)


Cocaine-Induced Electrocardiographic Phenomenon.

Kumar S, Sanchez L, Srinivasamurthy R, Mathias PF.

Tex Heart Inst J. 2018 Aug 1;45(4):273-274. doi: 10.14503/THIJ-18-6722. 


Cognitive and neuroanatomical impairments associated with chronic exposure to levamisole-contaminated cocaine

Matthias Vonmoos, Sarah Hirsiger, Katrin H. Preller, Lea M. Hulka, Daniel Allemann, Marcus Herdener, Markus R. Baumgartner & Boris B. Quednow 

Translational Psychiatry volume 8, Article number: 235 (2018) 


Kokainstreckmittel steht im Verdacht, Hirnschäden zu verursachen

Wer regelmässig Kokain konsumiert, das mit dem Tierentwurmungsmittel Levamisol gestreckt wurde, zeigt schlechtere kognitive Leistungen und verfügt über eine dünnere Hirnrinde. Dies geht aus zwei aktuellen Studien der Universität Zürich hervor. Die Forschenden schliessen daraus, dass Levamisol neurotoxisch wirken könnte und plädieren für den Ausbau sogenannter Drug-Checking-Programme. (Universität Zürich, 31.10.2018)


Topiramate for the Treatment of Dually Dependent on Opiates and Cocaine: A Single-center Placebo-controlled Trial.

Pirnia B, Soleimani AA, Malekanmehr P, Pirnia K, Zahiroddin A.

Iran J Public Health. 2018 Sep;47(9):1345-1353.



Rafaela Rigoni, Joost Breeksema and Sara Woods

Mainline, Niederlande, 2018

Supported by the Global Partnership on Drug Policies and Development (GPDPD) implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).