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Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Within Syringe Service Programs - United States, 2019. 

Lambdin BH, Bluthenthal RN, Wenger LD, et al. 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020;69(33):1117-1121. Published 2020 Aug 21. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6933a2

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7439981/

UK. New needle vending machines installed at Horizon hubs 

Vending machines with sterile drug-use equipment have been installed at two North Yorkshire Horizons hubs to improve access to needle exchange equipment.

The machines, located at Harrogate and Scarborough, are free to access, available now and incredibly simple to use. Users can operate the vending machine with a plastic token given out by hub reception staff. (North Yorkshire Horizons, UK, 13.08.2020)

UK. New needle vending machines installed at Horizon hubs 

Nord-Irland. Another Belfast Needle Exchange Depository Closes Despite an Increase in Demand

The imminent closure of another Needle and Syringe Exchange Scheme (NSES) depository in Belfast brings the number of exchange centres in Northern Ireland down to 20, despite a 13% increase in demand for the service compared to last year. The inflammatory remarks of a DUP MLA and protests from community members over paraphernalia littering signals the hardline response of the city toward its ‘worsening drugs problem.’ (Talking Drugs, UK, 12.08.2020)

Nord-Irland. Another Belfast Needle Exchange Depository Closes Despite an Increase in Demand

Usage of low dead space syringes and association with hepatitis C prevalence amongst people who inject drugs in the UK.

Trickey A., May M.T., Hope V. et al. 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2018, 192, p. 118–124.

Analysis by Findings, UK, Juli 2020

https://findings.org.uk/PHP/dl.php?file=Trickey_A_1.txt&s=eb

Costs and consequences of the Portuguese needle-exchange program in community pharmacies. 

Borges M, Gouveia M, Fiorentino F, et al. 

Can Pharm J (Ott). 2020;153(3):170-178. Published 2020 May 12. doi:10.1177/1715163520915744

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265586/

Hospital admissions among people who inject opioids following syringe services program implementation.

Bornstein, K.J., Coye, A.E., St. Onge, J.E. et al.

Harm Reduct J 17, 30 (2020). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00376-1

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-020-00376-1

Examining risk behavior and syringe coverage among people who inject drugs accessing a syringe services program: A latent class analysis.

Bartholomew TS, Tookes HE, Bullock C, Onugha J, Forrest DW, Feaster DJ.

Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Mar 5;78:102716. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102716. 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955395920300578?via%3Dihub

When people who inject drugs speak: qualitative thematic analysis of the perception of a mobile app for needle exchange programs.

Calvo F, Carbonell X, Rived M, Giralt C.

Adicciones. 2020 Feb 6;0(0):1334. doi: 10.20882/adicciones.1334.

http://adicciones.es/index.php/adicciones/article/view/1334

Kanada/British Columbia. Prison needle exchanges driven by security, not health concerns, federal watchdog says in critical report

Few inmates have enrolled in the needle exchange program, according to correctional investigator. (CBC-Kanada, 19.02.2020)

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/prison-needle-exchange-correctional-investigator-report-1.5468029

Different environments, different risk behaviours: Consequences of decreased coverage of needle exchange programs in Budapest and Belgrade

Robert Csák, Irena Molnar, Péter Sárosi, Jovana Arsenijević, Bojan Arsenijević

Rightsreporter Foundation, Dezember 2018

https://drogriporter.hu/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/belgrade-budapest-rds-report-20190228.pdf

Australien. Needle Syringe Program National Minimum Data Collection: National Data Report 2019.

Heard S, Iversen J, Kwon JA and Maher L. 

Sydney: Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney; 2019.

https://kirby.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/kirby/report/NSP-NMDC_Report-2019.pdf

Politics and Harm Reduction: Four Countries’ Syringe Access Stories

Drug policy varies greatly among European countries, despite common foundations in UN treaties or EU strategies. In this article I’ll review syringe service programs (SSPs) in four East-Central European countries—the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary, collectively known as the Visegrád Group—to show how politics impact harm reduction. (Filter, USA, 20.11.2019)

https://filtermag.org/politics-harm-reduction-europe/

Using Interrupted Time Series Analysis to Measure the Impact of Legalized Syringe Exchange on HIV Diagnoses in Baltimore and Philadelphia

Ruiz, Monica S. PhD, MPHa; O'Rourke, Allison MPHb; Allen, Sean T. DrPH, MPHc; Holtgrave, David R. PhDc; Metzger, David PhDd,e; Benitez, Jose MSWf; Brady, Kathleen A. MDg; Chaulk, C. Patrick MD, MPHh; Wen, Leana S. MDi

JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: December 1, 2019 - Volume 82 - Issue - p S148–S154, doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002176

https://journals.lww.com/jaids/Fulltext/2019/12012/Using_Interrupted_Time_Series_Analysis_to_Measure.14.aspx

Availability of HIV and HCV On-Site Testing and Treatment at Syringe Service Programs in the United States.

Behrends CN, Nugent AV, Des Jarlais DC, Frimpong JA, Perlman DC, Schackman BR.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Oct 1;79(2):e76-e78. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001792. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347107/

I could take the judgment if you could just provide the service: non-prescription syringe purchase experience at Arizona pharmacies, 2018.

Meyerson BE, Lawrence CA, Cope SD, Levin S, Thomas C, Eldridge LA, Coles HB, Vadiei N, Kennedy A.

Harm Reduct J. 2019 Sep 18;16(1):57. doi: 10.1186/s12954-019-0327-1.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6751644/

Survey of Southern Wisconsin Needle Exchange Clients Regarding Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Use.

Baltes A, Devo B, Kaiser M, Birstler J, Brown RT.

WMJ. 2019 Jul;118(2):84-87. PMID: 31532934

http://www.wisconsinmedicalsociety.org/_WMS/publications/wmj/pdf/118/2/84.pdf

Kanada. How a Misapplied Needle Exchange May Harm Incarcerated People

A needle exchange program in seven federal prisons in Canada is at the center of a heated debate between the nation’s correctional officers union and harm reduction advocates. Each side says that its constituents—correctional officers and incarcerated people who use drugs, respectively—are endangered by the program.

The Union of Canadian Correctional Officers claims, against the available evidence, that officers’ safety is jeopardized by incarcerated people accessing sterile syringes. Harm reductionists argue that instead, the program is currently failing those it’s meant to serve—and even putting them at increased risk. (Filter, USA, 02.10.2019)

https://filtermag.org/needle-exchange-canada-incarcerated-drug/

I could take the judgment if you could just provide the service: non-prescription syringe purchase experience at Arizona pharmacies, 2018.

Meyerson BE, Lawrence CA, Cope SD, Levin S, Thomas C, Eldridge LA, Coles HB, Vadiei N, Kennedy A.

Harm Reduct J. 2019 Sep 18;16(1):57. doi: 10.1186/s12954-019-0327-1.

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0327-1

Needle exchange programmes in Visegrad countries: a comparative case study of structural factors in effective service delivery.

Kender-Jeziorska I.

Harm Reduct J. 2019 Sep 3;16(1):54. doi: 10.1186/s12954-019-0323-5.

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0323-5

Südafrika. Needle and Syringe Programmes under pressure in South Africa

With the needles and syringe programme in Durban closed by the local authorities since May 2018, the services in Port Elisabeth are also facing difficulties now. (MAINline, Niederlande, 05.09.2019)

https://english.mainline.nl/posts/show/12821/needle-and-syringe-programmes-under-pressure-in-south-africa

USA. NYC Syringe Programs Successfully Serving the Most Vulnerable New Yorkers

New York City’s syringe service programs (SSPs) are successfully getting harm reduction resources into the hands of the most vulnerable New Yorkers, according to new data released by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH). (Filter, USA, 19.06.2019)

https://filtermag.org/2019/06/19/nyc-syringe-programs-successfully-serving-the-most-vulnerable-new-yorkers/

Understanding the public health consequences of suspending a rural syringe services program: a qualitative study of the experiences of people who inject drugs.

Allen ST, Grieb SM, O'Rourke A, Yoder R, Planchet E, White RH, Sherman SG.

Harm Reduct J. 2019 May 21;16(1):33. doi: 10.1186/s12954-019-0305-7.

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0305-7

Barriers to using new needles encountered by rural Appalachian people who inject drugs: implications for needle exchange

Stephen M. Davis, Alfgeir L. Kristjansson, Danielle Davidov, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus and Melanie Fisher

Harm Reduction Journal2019 16:23 

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0295-5

Drug injection, syringe source, and self-stigma in New York City

People with substance use problems are widely stigmatized, a harmful societal notion reinforced by media depictions of drug use, misguided public policy, and punishments by criminal justice systems. Drug-related stigma is highly present for people who inject drugs (PWID), likely due in part to its association with HIV. On top of this, PWID often feel ashamed of their habits. This “self-stigma” encourages PWID to hide their addiction, avoiding crucial treatment and social support. This week, as part of our Special Series on Stigma and Addiction, we review a study by Alexis Rivera and colleagues that investigated which injection risk behaviors and demographic factors are associated with self-stigma among PWID in New York City. (STASH, Vol. 15(5), 14.05.2019)

https://www.basisonline.org/2019/05/stash-vol-155-drug-injection-self-stigma.html

Perceived acceptability of and willingness to use syringe vending machines: results of a cross-sectional survey of out-of-service people who inject drugs in Tbilisi, Georgia

David Otiashvili, Irma Kirtadze, Irina Vardanashvili, Mzia Tabatadze and Allison J. Ober

Harm Reduction Journal 2019, 16:21, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-019-0292-8

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0292-8

Peer-delivered harm reduction and recovery support services: initial evaluation from a hybrid recovery community drop-in center and syringe exchange program.

Ashford RD, Curtis B, Brown AM.

Harm Reduct J. 2018 Oct 22;15(1):52. doi: 10.1186/s12954-018-0258-2.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198436/

Health Related Quality of Life in Individuals Transferred from a Needle Exchange Program and Starting Opioid Agonist Treatment.

Bråbäck M, Brådvik L, Troberg K, Isendahl P, Nilsson S, Håkansson A.

J Addict. 2018 Dec 19;2018:3025683. doi: 10.1155/2018/3025683. eCollection 2018.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6313961/

Baseline differences in characteristics and risk behaviors among people who inject drugs by syringe exchange program modality: an analysis of the Miami IDEA syringe exchange

Siddharth Iyengar, Adam Kravietz, Tyler S. Bartholomew, David Forrest and Hansel E. Tookes

Harm Reduction Journal 2019, 16:7, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-019-0280-z

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0280-z

USA. More Companies Should Offer Bathroom Syringe Disposals Like Starbucks

(...) Starbucks recently began a pilot program of installing syringe disposal boxes in some of its bathrooms. The move follows a petition started by Starbucks employees, who are voicing concerns about filthy restrooms and accidental needle pricks on the job. (Filter Magazine, USA, 23.01.2019)

https://filtermag.org/2019/01/23/starbucks-bathroom-syringe-disposal/

UK. Improving safety for people who inject drugs

An estimated 1 in 6 people who inject drugs share needles and syringes with other people, increasing their risk of infection with HIV, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. These infections are usually spread when blood from one person collects in the space between the needle and the plunger - the ‘dead space’ - and the injecting equipment is shared with someone else without having been cleaned. (NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care West (CLAHRC West), UK, Januar 2019)

Low dead space injecting equipment, which can come with fixed needles or needles that can be removed, has less space between the needle and the plunger when it’s fully pushed in. Research suggests that low dead space equipment could reduce the chance of spreading infections if it’s re-used or shared.

Needle and syringe programmes supply sterile equipment to people who inject drugs. Introducing low dead space injecting equipment with detachable needles to these programmes could reduce risk of infection among people who share equipment. But this move would only be effective if people who inject drugs, needle and syringe programmes, and commissioners are willing to switch to this safer equipment. (National Institute for Health Research, UK, Januar 2019)

https://www.nihr.ac.uk/research-and-impact/making-a-difference/improving-safety-for-people-who-inject-drugs.htm