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Mexiko. Mexico's war on drugs: More than 60,000 people 'disappeared'

More than 60,000 people have disappeared in Mexico since the start of the country's war on drugs in 2006, according to authorities. 

The number is far higher than previous estimates of around 40,000.

On top of this, more than 31,000 people were murdered in the country last year alone. (BBC, UK, 07.01.2020)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-51015791

Philippinen. Robredo flunks Duterte admin in drug war, says less than 1 percent shabu seized by authorities in the last three years 

Manila. Vice President Maria Leonor "Leni" Robredo has finally spoken up about her findings and recommendations on the Duterte administration's drug war, baring that authorities have seized less than one percent of shabu since 2016. (CNN Philippines, 06.01.2020)

https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/6/Robredo-flunks-PH-admin-in-drug-war,-says-less-than-1-percent-shabu-seized-by-authorities-in-the-last-three-years.html

USA/Mexiko. Trump halts plan to designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorists

US President Donald Trump has delayed plans to legally designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorist groups.

Mr Trump had vowed to label the gangs as terrorists after the killing last month of nine American citizens from a Mormon community in Mexico. (BBC, UK, 07.12.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-50697635

Philippinnen/USA. S.Res.142 - A resolution condemning the Government of the Philippines for its continued detention of Senator Leila De Lima, calling for her immediate release, and for other purposes.

(USA, 116th Congress (2019-2020), 12./17.12.2019)

https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-resolution/142

USA/Afghanistan. In documents, US officials said almost everything they did to end opium farming in Afghanistan backfired

(…) Of all the failures in Afghanistan, the war on drugs has been perhaps the most feckless, according to a cache of confidential government interviews and other documents obtained by The Washington Post.

Since 2001, the United States has spent about $9 billion on a dizzying array of programs to deter Afghanistan from supplying the world with heroin. In dozens of interviews, however, key players in the anti-narcotics campaign acknowledged that none of the measures have worked and that, in many cases, they have made things worse. (Stars and Stripes, USA, 09.12.2019)

https://www.stripes.com/news/middle-east/in-documents-us-officials-said-almost-everything-they-did-to-end-opium-farming-in-afghanistan-backfired-1.610472

Stigma, politics, and an epidemic: HIV in the Philippines

Devi, Sharmila

The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10215, 2139 - 2140 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)32939-3/fulltext?

EMCDDA. Terrorism and drugs in Europe 

Summary: Despite much speculation and conjecture over potential crossovers between terrorists and the drug trade in Europe, no study has examined the issue. This paper fills this gap by empirically examining such crossovers in the European Union between 2012 and 2017. Based on a unique open- source database, two main themes emerge. Firstly, the only area with deep and sustained crossovers is Northern Ireland, where Republican and Loyalist paramilitaries have sought to influence or control the drug trade. The consequences are threefold: conflict with “regular” criminals; internal divisions within paramilitaries; and the potential alienation of the very communities they claim to represent. Secondly, many European jihadists have backgrounds in consuming or dealing drugs, and their radicalisation does not always change this behaviour. Indeed, of the 69 jihadists who carried out an attack in Europe between 2012 and 2017, there is evidence that at least 5 individuals (7% of the total) consumed illicit drugs in the days or hours prior to their attack. This suggests that extremists do not automatically break from familiar, habitual, and possibly addictive patterns, and that radicalisation is no guarantee of an absolute, abrupt, and permanent change in lifestyle. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, Dezember 2019)

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/12113/EDMR2019_BackgroundReport_Terrorism.pdf

Philippinen. 'Are you afraid?': Philippines' Robredo defiant over drugs war 

Vice president says she remains determined to stop drug killings after Duterte sacked her from key post after 19 days. (Al Jazeera, 28.11.2019)

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/afraid-philippines-robredo-defiant-drugs-war-191126043336589.html

Indien. Manipur: Drug lab busted, heroin worth Rs 165 crore seized

Police said 41 kg heroin was found at the laboratory. This is the fourth drug bust in the state in six months. (The Indian Express, Indien, 07.12.2019)

https://indianexpress.com/article/north-east-india/manipur/manipur-drug-lab-busted-heroin-worth-rs-165-crore-seized-6149044/

USA/Mexiko. Drogenkrieg US-Regierung will mexikanische Kartelle als Terrororganisationen einstufen lassen 

Mexikos Drogenbanden haben Zehntausende Menschen auf dem Gewissen. US-Präsident Trump will die Kartelle künftig als "terroristische Organisationen" bekämpfen - und brüskiert damit das Nachbarland. (Spiegel online, 27.11.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/donald-trump-will-drogenkartelle-in-mexiko-als-terrororganisation-einstufen-a-1298435.html

Mexiko. Mexico’s Cartel Wars: Living in a War Zone 

Mexico’s president has faced mounting criticism for his government’s non-confrontational approach to drug cartels, as people across the country increasingly have to contend with daily violence and uncertainty. Our latest feature explores how one kingpin is now making a play to control the Michoacan region, and tells the story of the Garcia family, who live in Michoacan and whose lives were upended when armed men kidnapped a relative for ransom. (The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), 28.11.2019)

https://www.occrp.org/en/37-ccblog/ccblog/11220-mexico-s-cartel-wars-living-in-a-war-zone

Philippinen. Philippines: President Duterte's fierce rival stripped of 'drug czar' post

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has sacked "drug czar" Leni Robredo, just weeks after her appointment. (BBC, 24.11.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50537574

Spanien. Spain seizes submarine with 2,000kg of cocaine - police sources

A submarine loaded with more than 2,000kg (4,409lb) of cocaine has been seized in Spain, police sources say.

They say two people were held after the vessel ran aground off Galicia's coast in the north-west. A third person fled. They all are said to be from Ecuador. (BBC, 24.11.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50539006

Philippinen. The Nightcrawlers review – are the Filipino authorities executing drug addicts? 

This gripping documentary follows the brave photographers capturing the carnage triggered by President Duterte’s policy of executing supposed dealers and users. (Guardian, UK, 20.11.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2019/nov/20/the-nightcrawlers-review-are-the-filipino-authorities-executing-drug-addicts

Philippinen. DPA & Representatives from 51 Countries Stand Behind Efforts to ‘STOP THE KILLINGS’ in the Philippines at the International Drug Policy Reform Conference

New York, NY – Last week, at Drug Policy Alliance’s International Drug Policy Reform Conference, attendees from 51 countries protested the thousands of brutal killings that have taken place in the Philippines in the name of President Rodrigo Duterte’s drug war, gathering under cultural collective RESBAK’s iconic ‘Stop the Killings’ banner in a united show of opposition. (DPA – Drug Policy Alliance, USA, 15.11.2019)

http://www.drugpolicy.org/press-release/2019/11/dpa-representatives-51-countries-stand-behind-efforts-stop-killings

Philippinen. Philippines: President Duterte's fierce rival becomes new drug czar

Leni Robredo, an outspoken critic of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's war on drugs, has accepted his offer to lead the controversial campaign.

Ms Robredo, the vice-president and Mr Duterte's political rival, said she would use her powers to stop the killing of innocent people and hold authorities to account. (BBC, 06.11.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50313866

Philippinen. Philippines police chief and Duterte drug war enforcer resigns in meth scandal 

Oscar Albayalde denies allegations he profits from drug deals arranged by corrupt officers in 2013. (The Guardian, UK, 14.10.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/14/philippines-police-chief-and-duterte-drug-war-enforcer-resigns-in-meth-scandal

Philippinen. Former Philippines chief drugs fighter faces drug charges

The former head of the Philippines national police force is facing a criminal complaint in relation to the alleged resale of confiscated drugs. (BBC, 21.10.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-50120723

Philippinen. Philippines: End “war on drugs” following national Police chief’s resignation 

Responding to today’s resignation of Philippine National Police chief General Oscar Albayalde, Nicholas Bequelin, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for East and Southeast Asia, said:

“General Albayalde’s resignation is the last blow to the credibility of the so-called ‘war on drugs’. The Philippines authorities must ensure that justice is done and that this lawless and murderous campaign ends now .(amnesty international, 14.10.2019)

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/10/philippines-end-war-drugs-following-national-police-chief-resignation/

Mexiko. Cartel gunmen terrorize Mexican city, free El Chapo's son

Heavily armed fighters surrounded security forces in a Mexican city on Thursday and made them free one of drug lord Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman’s sons, after his capture triggered gunbattles and a prison break that sent civilians scurrying for cover. (Reuters, 18.10.2019)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mexico-violence-sinaloa/cartel-gunmen-terrorize-mexican-city-free-el-chapos-son-idUSKBN1WW34M

Mexiko. Gefechte nach Festnahme von "El Chapos" Sohn: Das Parallelregime der Gangster in Mexiko 

Ein Drogenhändler wird festgenommen, die Milizen des Sinaloa-Kartells rücken an und schießen ihn frei. Die Gangster zeigen der mexikanischen Regierung, wer das Gewaltmonopol im Land hat. Der Präsident agiert hilflos. (Spiegel online, 18.10.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/justiz/mexico-strassenkaempfe-nach-verhaftung-von-el-chapo-sohn-a-1292314.html

AFGHANISTAN - PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS IN ARMED CONFLICT

SPECIAL REPORT:AIRSTRIKES ON ALLEGED DRUG-PROCESSING FACILITIESFARAH, 5 MAY 2019

United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, United Nations Human Rights – Office of the High Commissioner, October 2019, Kabul, Afghanistan

https://unama.unmissions.org/sites/default/files/afghanistan_-_unama_special_report_usfor-a_airstrikes_bakwa_-_9_october.pdf

Afghanistan. US meth lab strikes in Afghanistan killed at least 30 civilians, says UN

US air strikes on alleged Taliban drug labs in western Afghanistan killed at least 30 civilians, including children, according to the United Nations. (BBC, 09.10.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-49984804

Myanmar/Indien. India seizes one tonne of ketamine on boat, arrests six Myanmar men

NEW DELHI (AFP) - India's coast guard has arrested six Myanmar men and seized US$42 million (S$57.82 million) worth of ketamine after spotting a suspicious vessel in the Indian Ocean near the Nicobar Islands. (The Straits Times, Singapur, 22.09.2019)

https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/south-asia/india-seizes-one-tonne-of-ketamine-on-boat-arrests-six-myanmar-crew

Philippinen. Philippine minister refuses to grant UN access to investigate war on drugs, saying it is prejudiced

Philippine foreign secretary Teodoro Locsin says the UN Human Rights Council has already prejudged the country. The three-year crackdown on drugs has seen at least 6,700 deaths- (SCMP – South China Morning Post, Hong Kong, 11.09.2019)

https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/3026744/philippine-minister-refuses-grant-un-access-investigate

Kolumbien. Blow up: Cocaine production in Colombia is at historic highs

There is not much the government can do about it. (The Economist, UK, 06.07.2019)

https://www.economist.com/the-americas/2019/07/06/cocaine-production-in-colombia-is-at-historic-highs

Bolivien. Latest UNODC Monitoring Report shows decline of coca cultivation in Bolivia

La Paz/Vienna, 22 August 2019 - In 2018, the cultivation of coca crops in Bolivia decreased by six per cent compared to data from 2017, according to the latest Coca Cultivation Survey presented today in La Paz by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Government of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The cultivated surface decreased by 1,400 hectares, from 24,500 hectares in 2017 to 23,100 hectares in 2018. (UNODC, Wien, 22.08.2019)

https://www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Bolivia/Bolivia_Informe_Monitoreo_Coca_2018_web.pdf

Mexiko. Mexican bishop says criminal groups ‘seeking an exit,’ urges dialogue

A bishop in Mexico’s heroin-producing heartland is urging the federal government to hold talks with armed groups — including drug cartels — saying many in the illegal drugs business are unable to make ends meet and are “seeking an exit.” (Catholic News Service, USA, 23.08.2019)

http://catholicphilly.com/2019/08/news/world-news/mexican-bishop-says-criminal-groups-seeking-an-exit-urges-dialogue/

Philippinen. Duterte vs Icelanders: Ice-Eating, Fetus-Killers 

Lashing out on an island on the other end of the globe, Philippines’ President Rodrigo Duterte blasted on Tuesday the ‘ice-eating white folks’ of Iceland for lecturing him about human rights while allowing abortions of fetuses as old as six months.

Iceland angered Duterte when it initiated a UN Human Rights Council resolution that urged Manila to “take all necessary measures to prevent extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances” which have been taking place as part of its war against drugs. (occrp.org, 29.08.2019)

https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/10582-duterte-vs-icelanders-ice-eating-fetus-killers

Philippinen. The Uncounted Dead of Duterte's Drug War

Huge numbers of deaths have gone uncounted in Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s drug war. What does that mean for due process, and for the countries that emulate him? (The Atlantic, USA, 19.08.2019)

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/08/philippines-dead-rodrigo-duterte-drug-war/595978/