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Philippinen. UN report decries human rights violations in Philippines' war on drugs

The UN said that President Duterte's war on drugs in the Philippines has sparked widespread killing with "near impunity" for offenders. The report called for an independent probe into human rights abuses in the country. (Deutsche Welle, 04.06.2020)

https://www.dw.com/en/un-report-decries-human-rights-violations-in-philippines-war-on-drugs/a-53681998

Kolumbien. US Forces Deployed to Colombia to Help Wage Futile War on Cocaine

Diplomatic officials announced May 27 that the US is sending an armed forces unit to Colombia. From June, the Security Force Assistance Brigade (SFAB) begins a four-month operation, training Colombian military forces in fighting that country’s drug war. (Filter, USA, 01.06.2020)

https://filtermag.org/us-military-colombia-cocaine/

Kolumbien. Violence Rages On in Colombia’s Cauca Department

A wave of violence has struck Colombia’s southwestern Cauca department, in the form of targeted killings and armed groups battling for control of coca crops and trafficking routes — a deadly mix. (InSight Crime, USA, 10.06.2020)

https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/colombia-southern-cauca-violence/

Myanmar. Huge fentanyl haul seized in Myanmar in Asia's biggest drug bust

JAKARTA • Myanmar police said they have seized a huge haul of liquid fentanyl, the first time one of the dangerous synthetic opioids that have ravaged North America has been found in Asia's Golden Triangle drug-producing region. (Straits Times, Singapur, 19.05.2020)

https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/huge-fentanyl-haul-seized-in-myanmar-in-asias-biggest-drug-bust

Kambodscha. Cambodia: Abusive “war on drugs”, rife with torture and corruption, must be overhauled 

The Cambodian government’s three-year long “war on drugs” campaign has fuelled a rising tide of human rights abuses, dangerously overfilled detention facilities and led to an alarming public health situation – even more so as the COVID-19 pandemic unfolds – while failing in its stated objective of curbing drug use, a new investigative report by Amnesty International published today reveals. (Amnesty International, UK, Index number: ASA 23/2220/2020, 12.05.2020)

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/05/cambodia-abusive-war-drugs-torture-corruption-must-overhauled/

Kolumbien. Colombia Steps Up Coca Eradication During Lockdown. (Video)

Despite ordering a full lockdown of the country, the Colombian government is doubling down on the manual eradication of coca plants in remote parts of the country. Coca growers' representatives and human rights groups are demanding the government cease eradication during the lockdown for health reasons. (Al Jazeera, Katar, 08.05.2020, Video, 02:40)

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/colombia-steps-coca-eradication-operations-lockdown-200508105228331.html

Cambodian official says human rights 'need to be put aside' in drug war 

A Cambodian official on Wednesday defended an anti-drug campaign that has been decried as rife with abuses, saying human rights “need to be put aside” to fight drugs that destroy families and fuel violent crime. (Reuters, USA, 13.05.2020)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cambodia-rights-idUSKBN22P1L8

Philippinen. Duterte presses on with 'drug war' despite coronavirus lockdown

Rights groups call for immediate stop to police operations and warn against more abuses during national health crisis. (Al Jazeera, 01.04.2020)

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/duterte-presses-drug-war-coronavirus-lockdown-200325073658942.html

 

Kolumbien. Colombia’s cocaine production reaches all-time high

Cocaine production in Colombia went up 8% in 2019 and reached an all-time high, according to the US government. (Colombia News, 07.03.2020)

https://colombiareports.com/colombias-cocaine-production-reaches-all-time-high-us/

Mexiko. Mexico Opium Poppy Cultivation Survey 2017-2018

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Mexican government, 2020

https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/press/releases/2020/March/mexico-and-unodc-release-third-opium-poppy-crop-monitoring-report-with-new-key-findings.html

Mexiko. Mexico murder rate reaches new high as violence rages amid Covid-19 spread 

March sees 2,585 homicides – highest monthly figure on record. Mexico tries to pour resources into containing coronavirus. (Guardian, UK, 03.04.2020)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/03/mexico-murder-rate-homicide-coronavirus-covid-19

Guinea-Bissau: Political chaos could boost cocaine trade

(…) Guinea-Bissau has for many years been used as a staging post in the trafficking of cocaine from Latin America to Europe. (BBC, 12.03.2020)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-51833073

Kolumbien. From drugs to flowers: Colombia's Valentine's Day rose boom

Flowers were supposed to be substitution crops for coca. The flower industry is booming but so is coca production. (Al Jazeera, 14.02.2020)

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/drugs-flowers-colombia-valentine-day-rose-boom-200213222918966.html

USA/Philippinen. US Finally Condemns and Sanctions Philippines Drug Warriors

Philippines officials involved in the country’s bloody drug war and a subsequent crackdown on opposition are finally facing official condemnation and repercussions from the United States. The drug war—including extrajudicial killings of people suspected to use or sell drugs by both law enforcement and vigilantes—was estimated by the country’s Human Rights Commission to have caused as many as 27,000 deaths by December 2018. It began in 2016. (Filter, USA, 24.01.2020)

https://filtermag.org/philippines-sanctions-extrajudicial-killings/

USA. National Drug Threatment Assessment 2019

Annual report outlines strategic review of threats posed by drugs and drug traffickers. (DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration, USA, 30.01.2020)

https://dea.gov/sites/default/files/2020-01/2019-NDTA-final-01-14-2020_Low_Web-DIR-007-20_2019.pdf

USA. Longest cross-border tunnel discovered in San Diego

SAN DIEGO – After a challenging multi-year, inter-agency investigation, utilizing technology capabilities, intelligence gathering, and community outreach, law enforcement partners on the San Diego Tunnel Task Force have exposed the longest illicit cross-border tunnel ever discovered along the Southwest border. (DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration, USA, 29.01.2020)

https://www.dea.gov/press-releases/2020/01/29/longest-cross-border-tunnel-discovered-san-diego

Kolumbien. Colombia’s new cocaine war (Audio)

Colombia produced a record 1.5 million kilograms of cocaine last year - about 70% of the world’s supply. In the regions where coca is grown, gangs fight for control of territory and smuggling routes, killing anyone who stands in their way. These are some of the most dangerous places in South America. 
A peace deal signed in 2016 with the FARC rebel group was meant to reduce coca growing by offering farmers alternatives. But instead, cocaine production has rocketed, flooding markets in the US and Europe.
In this Assignment, Michael Buchanan investigates what’s behind Colombia’s booming cocaine trade. He gains rare access to smugglers and producers, as well as meeting the indigenous people who are standing up to the traffickers, and often paying with their lives. (BBC, 30.01.2020, Audio, 27:00)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3csy5ds

Mexiko. 95 Todesopfer pro Tag: Mordrate in Mexiko auf Rekordhoch 

Fast 35.000 Menschen sind 2019 in Mexiko ermordet worden - so viele wie noch nie seit Beginn der systematischen Erfassung der Fälle. Zehntausende gelten zudem als vermisst. (Spiegel online, 21.01.2020)

https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/justiz/mexiko-meordrate-auf-rekordhoch-a-ef1bd14e-5225-4da5-b04a-9d9f8138f60d

Philippinen. Philippines: No Letup in ‘Drug War’ Killings

Upsurge in Attacks on Activists, Environmentalists. (HRW – Human Rights Watch, USA, 14.01.2020)

https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/01/14/philippines-no-letup-drug-war-killings

Mexiko. Mexico's war on drugs: More than 60,000 people 'disappeared'

More than 60,000 people have disappeared in Mexico since the start of the country's war on drugs in 2006, according to authorities. 

The number is far higher than previous estimates of around 40,000.

On top of this, more than 31,000 people were murdered in the country last year alone. (BBC, UK, 07.01.2020)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-51015791

Philippinen. Robredo flunks Duterte admin in drug war, says less than 1 percent shabu seized by authorities in the last three years 

Manila. Vice President Maria Leonor "Leni" Robredo has finally spoken up about her findings and recommendations on the Duterte administration's drug war, baring that authorities have seized less than one percent of shabu since 2016. (CNN Philippines, 06.01.2020)

https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/6/Robredo-flunks-PH-admin-in-drug-war,-says-less-than-1-percent-shabu-seized-by-authorities-in-the-last-three-years.html

USA/Mexiko. Trump halts plan to designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorists

US President Donald Trump has delayed plans to legally designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorist groups.

Mr Trump had vowed to label the gangs as terrorists after the killing last month of nine American citizens from a Mormon community in Mexico. (BBC, UK, 07.12.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-50697635

Philippinnen/USA. S.Res.142 - A resolution condemning the Government of the Philippines for its continued detention of Senator Leila De Lima, calling for her immediate release, and for other purposes.

(USA, 116th Congress (2019-2020), 12./17.12.2019)

https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-resolution/142

USA/Afghanistan. In documents, US officials said almost everything they did to end opium farming in Afghanistan backfired

(…) Of all the failures in Afghanistan, the war on drugs has been perhaps the most feckless, according to a cache of confidential government interviews and other documents obtained by The Washington Post.

Since 2001, the United States has spent about $9 billion on a dizzying array of programs to deter Afghanistan from supplying the world with heroin. In dozens of interviews, however, key players in the anti-narcotics campaign acknowledged that none of the measures have worked and that, in many cases, they have made things worse. (Stars and Stripes, USA, 09.12.2019)

https://www.stripes.com/news/middle-east/in-documents-us-officials-said-almost-everything-they-did-to-end-opium-farming-in-afghanistan-backfired-1.610472

Stigma, politics, and an epidemic: HIV in the Philippines

Devi, Sharmila

The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10215, 2139 - 2140 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)32939-3/fulltext?

EMCDDA. Terrorism and drugs in Europe 

Summary: Despite much speculation and conjecture over potential crossovers between terrorists and the drug trade in Europe, no study has examined the issue. This paper fills this gap by empirically examining such crossovers in the European Union between 2012 and 2017. Based on a unique open- source database, two main themes emerge. Firstly, the only area with deep and sustained crossovers is Northern Ireland, where Republican and Loyalist paramilitaries have sought to influence or control the drug trade. The consequences are threefold: conflict with “regular” criminals; internal divisions within paramilitaries; and the potential alienation of the very communities they claim to represent. Secondly, many European jihadists have backgrounds in consuming or dealing drugs, and their radicalisation does not always change this behaviour. Indeed, of the 69 jihadists who carried out an attack in Europe between 2012 and 2017, there is evidence that at least 5 individuals (7% of the total) consumed illicit drugs in the days or hours prior to their attack. This suggests that extremists do not automatically break from familiar, habitual, and possibly addictive patterns, and that radicalisation is no guarantee of an absolute, abrupt, and permanent change in lifestyle. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, Dezember 2019)

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/12113/EDMR2019_BackgroundReport_Terrorism.pdf

Philippinen. 'Are you afraid?': Philippines' Robredo defiant over drugs war 

Vice president says she remains determined to stop drug killings after Duterte sacked her from key post after 19 days. (Al Jazeera, 28.11.2019)

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/afraid-philippines-robredo-defiant-drugs-war-191126043336589.html

Indien. Manipur: Drug lab busted, heroin worth Rs 165 crore seized

Police said 41 kg heroin was found at the laboratory. This is the fourth drug bust in the state in six months. (The Indian Express, Indien, 07.12.2019)

https://indianexpress.com/article/north-east-india/manipur/manipur-drug-lab-busted-heroin-worth-rs-165-crore-seized-6149044/

USA/Mexiko. Drogenkrieg US-Regierung will mexikanische Kartelle als Terrororganisationen einstufen lassen 

Mexikos Drogenbanden haben Zehntausende Menschen auf dem Gewissen. US-Präsident Trump will die Kartelle künftig als "terroristische Organisationen" bekämpfen - und brüskiert damit das Nachbarland. (Spiegel online, 27.11.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/donald-trump-will-drogenkartelle-in-mexiko-als-terrororganisation-einstufen-a-1298435.html

Mexiko. Mexico’s Cartel Wars: Living in a War Zone 

Mexico’s president has faced mounting criticism for his government’s non-confrontational approach to drug cartels, as people across the country increasingly have to contend with daily violence and uncertainty. Our latest feature explores how one kingpin is now making a play to control the Michoacan region, and tells the story of the Garcia family, who live in Michoacan and whose lives were upended when armed men kidnapped a relative for ransom. (The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), 28.11.2019)

https://www.occrp.org/en/37-ccblog/ccblog/11220-mexico-s-cartel-wars-living-in-a-war-zone