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Philippinen. Philippines police chief and Duterte drug war enforcer resigns in meth scandal 

Oscar Albayalde denies allegations he profits from drug deals arranged by corrupt officers in 2013. (The Guardian, UK, 14.10.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/14/philippines-police-chief-and-duterte-drug-war-enforcer-resigns-in-meth-scandal

Philippinen. Former Philippines chief drugs fighter faces drug charges

The former head of the Philippines national police force is facing a criminal complaint in relation to the alleged resale of confiscated drugs. (BBC, 21.10.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-50120723

Philippines: End “war on drugs” following national Police chief’s resignation 

Responding to today’s resignation of Philippine National Police chief General Oscar Albayalde, Nicholas Bequelin, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for East and Southeast Asia, said:

“General Albayalde’s resignation is the last blow to the credibility of the so-called ‘war on drugs’. The Philippines authorities must ensure that justice is done and that this lawless and murderous campaign ends now .(amnesty international, 14.10.2019)

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/10/philippines-end-war-drugs-following-national-police-chief-resignation/

Mexiko. Cartel gunmen terrorize Mexican city, free El Chapo's son

Heavily armed fighters surrounded security forces in a Mexican city on Thursday and made them free one of drug lord Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman’s sons, after his capture triggered gunbattles and a prison break that sent civilians scurrying for cover. (Reuters, 18.10.2019)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mexico-violence-sinaloa/cartel-gunmen-terrorize-mexican-city-free-el-chapos-son-idUSKBN1WW34M

Mexiko. Gefechte nach Festnahme von "El Chapos" Sohn: Das Parallelregime der Gangster in Mexiko 

Ein Drogenhändler wird festgenommen, die Milizen des Sinaloa-Kartells rücken an und schießen ihn frei. Die Gangster zeigen der mexikanischen Regierung, wer das Gewaltmonopol im Land hat. Der Präsident agiert hilflos. (Spiegel online, 18.10.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/justiz/mexico-strassenkaempfe-nach-verhaftung-von-el-chapo-sohn-a-1292314.html

AFGHANISTAN - PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS IN ARMED CONFLICT

SPECIAL REPORT:AIRSTRIKES ON ALLEGED DRUG-PROCESSING FACILITIESFARAH, 5 MAY 2019

United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, United Nations Human Rights – Office of the High Commissioner, October 2019, Kabul, Afghanistan

https://unama.unmissions.org/sites/default/files/afghanistan_-_unama_special_report_usfor-a_airstrikes_bakwa_-_9_october.pdf

Afghanistan. US meth lab strikes in Afghanistan killed at least 30 civilians, says UN

US air strikes on alleged Taliban drug labs in western Afghanistan killed at least 30 civilians, including children, according to the United Nations. (BBC, 09.10.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-49984804

Myanmar/Indien. India seizes one tonne of ketamine on boat, arrests six Myanmar men

NEW DELHI (AFP) - India's coast guard has arrested six Myanmar men and seized US$42 million (S$57.82 million) worth of ketamine after spotting a suspicious vessel in the Indian Ocean near the Nicobar Islands. (The Straits Times, Singapur, 22.09.2019)

https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/south-asia/india-seizes-one-tonne-of-ketamine-on-boat-arrests-six-myanmar-crew

Philippinen. Philippine minister refuses to grant UN access to investigate war on drugs, saying it is prejudiced

Philippine foreign secretary Teodoro Locsin says the UN Human Rights Council has already prejudged the country. The three-year crackdown on drugs has seen at least 6,700 deaths- (SCMP – South China Morning Post, Hong Kong, 11.09.2019)

https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/3026744/philippine-minister-refuses-grant-un-access-investigate

Kolumbien. Blow up: Cocaine production in Colombia is at historic highs

There is not much the government can do about it. (The Economist, UK, 06.07.2019)

https://www.economist.com/the-americas/2019/07/06/cocaine-production-in-colombia-is-at-historic-highs

Bolivien. Latest UNODC Monitoring Report shows decline of coca cultivation in Bolivia

La Paz/Vienna, 22 August 2019 - In 2018, the cultivation of coca crops in Bolivia decreased by six per cent compared to data from 2017, according to the latest Coca Cultivation Survey presented today in La Paz by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Government of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The cultivated surface decreased by 1,400 hectares, from 24,500 hectares in 2017 to 23,100 hectares in 2018. (UNODC, Wien, 22.08.2019)

https://www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Bolivia/Bolivia_Informe_Monitoreo_Coca_2018_web.pdf

Mexiko. Mexican bishop says criminal groups ‘seeking an exit,’ urges dialogue

A bishop in Mexico’s heroin-producing heartland is urging the federal government to hold talks with armed groups — including drug cartels — saying many in the illegal drugs business are unable to make ends meet and are “seeking an exit.” (Catholic News Service, USA, 23.08.2019)

http://catholicphilly.com/2019/08/news/world-news/mexican-bishop-says-criminal-groups-seeking-an-exit-urges-dialogue/

Philippinen. Duterte vs Icelanders: Ice-Eating, Fetus-Killers 

Lashing out on an island on the other end of the globe, Philippines’ President Rodrigo Duterte blasted on Tuesday the ‘ice-eating white folks’ of Iceland for lecturing him about human rights while allowing abortions of fetuses as old as six months.

Iceland angered Duterte when it initiated a UN Human Rights Council resolution that urged Manila to “take all necessary measures to prevent extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances” which have been taking place as part of its war against drugs. (occrp.org, 29.08.2019)

https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/10582-duterte-vs-icelanders-ice-eating-fetus-killers

Philippinen. The Uncounted Dead of Duterte's Drug War

Huge numbers of deaths have gone uncounted in Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s drug war. What does that mean for due process, and for the countries that emulate him? (The Atlantic, USA, 19.08.2019)

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/08/philippines-dead-rodrigo-duterte-drug-war/595978/

THE COST AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR ON DRUGS (REPORT)

Alvaro Piaggio

Human Rights Foundation, New York, 07.08.2019

https://hrf.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/WoD_Online-version-FINAL.pdf

Kolumbien. The War in Catatumbo

Abuses by Armed Groups Against Civilians Including Venezuelan Exiles in Northeastern Colombia

(...) Catatumbo is an important source of coca, the raw material used to produce cocaine. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reported that in 2017 roughly 28,200 acres were producing coca in North Santander.

(...) In most cases, the threats appear to be issued by armed groups operating in the area. The groups typically demand that civilians stop supporting programs to replace coca crops with food crops or accuse them of cooperating with another armed group.

(...) In Catatumbo, Venezuelan and Colombian children work in coca fields, which can be a barrier to attending school. (Human Rights Watch, USA, 2019)

https://www.hrw.org/report/2019/08/08/war-catatumbo/abuses-armed-groups-against-civilians-including-venezuelan-exiles

Kolumbien. Bitter Fight for Former FARC Areas Drives Surge in Colombia Homicides

Colombia’s homicide rate rose for the first time in a decade in 2018, reflecting renewed conflicts between criminal groups in strategic areas of the country in the wake of the demobilization of FARC guerrillas. (InSight Crime, USA, 30.07.2019)

https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/bitter-fight-former-farc-areas-colombia-homicides/

Philippinen. Inside the Philippines Prison That Sparked Duterte’s Murderous Drug War

Twenty-three thousand dead. That’s the latest estimate—and maybe a low one—of people killed by President Rodrigo Duterte’s Philippines drug war. Duterte won the May 2016 presidential election on a brutal tough-on-crime ticket, playing on an impression in many Filipinos’ minds that the country was on the verge of lawlessness.

He pulled it off thanks to a 2014 scandal at the New Bilibid prison in Muntinlupa, just outside Manila, where drug lords were revealed to be living in luxury. As well as murdering thousands of his own people, the scandal helped Duterte to crack down on political opponents like Senator Leila de Lima, who was accused of ties to the New Bilibid gangs. (Filter, USA, 17.07.2019)

https://filtermag.org/2019/07/17/philippines-prison-duterte-drug-war/

Philippinen. Philippines drugs war: UN votes to investigate killings

The UN Human Rights Council has voted to set up an investigation into alleged crimes committed during the Philippine government's war on drugs. (BBC, UK, 11.07.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-48955153

Philippinen: Mögliche Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit müssen untersucht werden

Neuer Amnesty-Bericht: Erschreckendes Ausmaß der außergerichtlichen Hinrichtungen im sogenannten Anti-Drogenkrieg legt nahe, dass es sich dabei um Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit handelt.

Drei Jahre nach dem Beginn des so genannten Anti-Drogenkrieges der philippinischen Regierung nimmt die Zahl der Opfer außergerichtlicher Tötungen weiter dramatisch zu. Unter ihnen sind vor allem Menschen aus den armen Stadtvierteln und Regionen des Landes. Die Verantwortlichen gehen straffrei aus oder werden versetzt. Dies dokumentiert der Amnesty-Bericht „‘They just kill‘ – Ongoing extrajudicial executions and other violations in the Philippines“. Das Ausmaß der Gewalt legt nahe, dass es sich um Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit handelt. (amnesty international, 08.07.2019)

https://www.amnesty.de/allgemein/pressemitteilung/philippinen-philippinen-moegliche-verbrechen-gegen-die-menschlichkeit

Philippinen. ‘THEY JUST KILL’ - ONGOING EXTRAJUDICIAL EXECUTIONS AND OTHER VIOLATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES’ ‘WAR ON DRUGS’

In towns and cities across the Philippines, the lethal policy that the government calls the“war on drugs” continues. In the three years since President Rodrigo Duterte took office, thousands of poor people suspected of using or selling drugs, or otherwise linked to drugs, have been killed by police and unknown armed persons. While during thefirst year of Duterte’s tenure as president these killings were fairly well-documented, they often go unreported now, contributing to a perilous normalisation of extrajudicial executions, police abuses, erosion of the rule of law and victimisation of the poor in the country. This situation leavesthe victims’ families feeling even more powerless and isolated than before.

Amnesty International 2019

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA3505782019ENGLISH.PDF

Philippinen. Philippines: ‘Drug War’ Devastates Children’s Lives - Kids Suffer in President Duterte’s Brutal Campaign

(Geneva) – The Philippine government’s brutal “war on drugs” has devastated the lives of countless children, Human Rights Watch said today in a new web feature. The United Nations Human Rights Council, whose 41st session began on June 24, 2019, in Geneva, should adopt the resolution initiated by Iceland that asks the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to report on the Philippines’ “drug war” and human rights crisis. (Human Rights Watch, USA, 27.06.2019)

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/06/27/philippines-drug-war-devastates-childrens-lives

Kolumbien/USA. US Secretary of State doubles down on backing aerial coca spraying in Colombia

The US still strongly supports the resumption of aerial spraying of pesticide on Colombian coca fields, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told a Senate panel Tuesday. (colombiareports.com, 12.06.2019)

https://colombiareports.com/us-secretary-of-state-doubles-down-on-backing-aerial-spraying-of-coca-fields

Philippinen. The Melancholy of Killercops in the Philippines Drug War (Part 1-3)

Rodrigo Duterte says he wants to eradicate the evil in the Philippines. His cops execute thousands of people for alleged involvement with drugs. The crowd cheers. But Nino Cerrado, an officer in Manila's anti-drug unit, is plagued with guilt. (Benedict Wermter in: Talking Drugs, UK, 13.05.2019)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/the-melancholy-of-killercops-pt-1

Afghanistan. New US airstrikes obscure a dramatic development in the Afghan drugs industry – the proliferation of low cost methamphetamine

Earlier this month US and Afghan forces bombed 68 drugs labs in South-western Afghanistan, claiming that they caused the Taliban losses of over $1 million per day. David Mansfield and Alexander Soderholm write that not only have the effects of these strikes been exaggerated, their promotion obscures a new reality on the ground: a dramatic growth in the methamphetamine industry in Afghanistan, fuelled by a ready supply of a home grown ephedra crop. (London School of Economics, US Center, 28.05.2019)

https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2019/05/28/new-us-airstrikes-obscure-a-dramatic-development-in-the-afghan-drugs-industry-the-proliferation-of-low-cost-methamphetamine/

Kolumbien. In Colombia’s Tumaco, the war isn’t over, it’s just beginning - ‘There’s a limit to how much hunger a person can bear’

Almost three years have passed since a much-vaunted peace deal brought an end to the longest-running conflict in the western hemisphere. Try telling that to the people of Tumaco, where the murder rate is four times Colombia’s national average and violent clashes have displaced at least 2,700 people already in 2019. (The New Humanitarian, 23.05.2019)

https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/special-report/2019/05/23/colombia-tumaco-dissidents-war-over-just-beginning-farc-coca

Mexiko/USA. Mexico president says no to US security plan

Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said Tuesday he wants the United States to end a security assistance program called the Merida Initiative and instead invest in economic development in Mexico and Central America. (afp, 08.05.2019)

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/mexico-president-says-no-to-us-security-plan/ar-AAB2yAk

The war on drugs is incompatible with the fight against HIV

The Lancet HIV , Volume 6 , Issue 5 , e269  (Editorial)

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanhiv/article/PIIS2352-3018(19)30112-2/fulltext