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Kolumbien. From drugs to flowers: Colombia's Valentine's Day rose boom

Flowers were supposed to be substitution crops for coca. The flower industry is booming but so is coca production. (Al Jazeera, 14.02.2020)

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/drugs-flowers-colombia-valentine-day-rose-boom-200213222918966.html

USA/Philippinen. US Finally Condemns and Sanctions Philippines Drug Warriors

Philippines officials involved in the country’s bloody drug war and a subsequent crackdown on opposition are finally facing official condemnation and repercussions from the United States. The drug war—including extrajudicial killings of people suspected to use or sell drugs by both law enforcement and vigilantes—was estimated by the country’s Human Rights Commission to have caused as many as 27,000 deaths by December 2018. It began in 2016. (Filter, USA, 24.01.2020)

https://filtermag.org/philippines-sanctions-extrajudicial-killings/

USA. National Drug Threatment Assessment 2019

Annual report outlines strategic review of threats posed by drugs and drug traffickers. (DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration, USA, 30.01.2020)

https://dea.gov/sites/default/files/2020-01/2019-NDTA-final-01-14-2020_Low_Web-DIR-007-20_2019.pdf

USA. Longest cross-border tunnel discovered in San Diego

SAN DIEGO – After a challenging multi-year, inter-agency investigation, utilizing technology capabilities, intelligence gathering, and community outreach, law enforcement partners on the San Diego Tunnel Task Force have exposed the longest illicit cross-border tunnel ever discovered along the Southwest border. (DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration, USA, 29.01.2020)

https://www.dea.gov/press-releases/2020/01/29/longest-cross-border-tunnel-discovered-san-diego

Kolumbien. Colombia’s new cocaine war (Audio)

Colombia produced a record 1.5 million kilograms of cocaine last year - about 70% of the world’s supply. In the regions where coca is grown, gangs fight for control of territory and smuggling routes, killing anyone who stands in their way. These are some of the most dangerous places in South America. 
A peace deal signed in 2016 with the FARC rebel group was meant to reduce coca growing by offering farmers alternatives. But instead, cocaine production has rocketed, flooding markets in the US and Europe.
In this Assignment, Michael Buchanan investigates what’s behind Colombia’s booming cocaine trade. He gains rare access to smugglers and producers, as well as meeting the indigenous people who are standing up to the traffickers, and often paying with their lives. (BBC, 30.01.2020, Audio, 27:00)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3csy5ds

Mexiko. 95 Todesopfer pro Tag: Mordrate in Mexiko auf Rekordhoch 

Fast 35.000 Menschen sind 2019 in Mexiko ermordet worden - so viele wie noch nie seit Beginn der systematischen Erfassung der Fälle. Zehntausende gelten zudem als vermisst. (Spiegel online, 21.01.2020)

https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/justiz/mexiko-meordrate-auf-rekordhoch-a-ef1bd14e-5225-4da5-b04a-9d9f8138f60d

Philippinen. Philippines: No Letup in ‘Drug War’ Killings

Upsurge in Attacks on Activists, Environmentalists. (HRW – Human Rights Watch, USA, 14.01.2020)

https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/01/14/philippines-no-letup-drug-war-killings

Mexiko. Mexico's war on drugs: More than 60,000 people 'disappeared'

More than 60,000 people have disappeared in Mexico since the start of the country's war on drugs in 2006, according to authorities. 

The number is far higher than previous estimates of around 40,000.

On top of this, more than 31,000 people were murdered in the country last year alone. (BBC, UK, 07.01.2020)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-51015791

Philippinen. Robredo flunks Duterte admin in drug war, says less than 1 percent shabu seized by authorities in the last three years 

Manila. Vice President Maria Leonor "Leni" Robredo has finally spoken up about her findings and recommendations on the Duterte administration's drug war, baring that authorities have seized less than one percent of shabu since 2016. (CNN Philippines, 06.01.2020)

https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/6/Robredo-flunks-PH-admin-in-drug-war,-says-less-than-1-percent-shabu-seized-by-authorities-in-the-last-three-years.html

USA/Mexiko. Trump halts plan to designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorists

US President Donald Trump has delayed plans to legally designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorist groups.

Mr Trump had vowed to label the gangs as terrorists after the killing last month of nine American citizens from a Mormon community in Mexico. (BBC, UK, 07.12.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-50697635

Philippinnen/USA. S.Res.142 - A resolution condemning the Government of the Philippines for its continued detention of Senator Leila De Lima, calling for her immediate release, and for other purposes.

(USA, 116th Congress (2019-2020), 12./17.12.2019)

https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-resolution/142

USA/Afghanistan. In documents, US officials said almost everything they did to end opium farming in Afghanistan backfired

(…) Of all the failures in Afghanistan, the war on drugs has been perhaps the most feckless, according to a cache of confidential government interviews and other documents obtained by The Washington Post.

Since 2001, the United States has spent about $9 billion on a dizzying array of programs to deter Afghanistan from supplying the world with heroin. In dozens of interviews, however, key players in the anti-narcotics campaign acknowledged that none of the measures have worked and that, in many cases, they have made things worse. (Stars and Stripes, USA, 09.12.2019)

https://www.stripes.com/news/middle-east/in-documents-us-officials-said-almost-everything-they-did-to-end-opium-farming-in-afghanistan-backfired-1.610472

Stigma, politics, and an epidemic: HIV in the Philippines

Devi, Sharmila

The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10215, 2139 - 2140 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)32939-3/fulltext?

EMCDDA. Terrorism and drugs in Europe 

Summary: Despite much speculation and conjecture over potential crossovers between terrorists and the drug trade in Europe, no study has examined the issue. This paper fills this gap by empirically examining such crossovers in the European Union between 2012 and 2017. Based on a unique open- source database, two main themes emerge. Firstly, the only area with deep and sustained crossovers is Northern Ireland, where Republican and Loyalist paramilitaries have sought to influence or control the drug trade. The consequences are threefold: conflict with “regular” criminals; internal divisions within paramilitaries; and the potential alienation of the very communities they claim to represent. Secondly, many European jihadists have backgrounds in consuming or dealing drugs, and their radicalisation does not always change this behaviour. Indeed, of the 69 jihadists who carried out an attack in Europe between 2012 and 2017, there is evidence that at least 5 individuals (7% of the total) consumed illicit drugs in the days or hours prior to their attack. This suggests that extremists do not automatically break from familiar, habitual, and possibly addictive patterns, and that radicalisation is no guarantee of an absolute, abrupt, and permanent change in lifestyle. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, Dezember 2019)

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/12113/EDMR2019_BackgroundReport_Terrorism.pdf

Philippinen. 'Are you afraid?': Philippines' Robredo defiant over drugs war 

Vice president says she remains determined to stop drug killings after Duterte sacked her from key post after 19 days. (Al Jazeera, 28.11.2019)

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/afraid-philippines-robredo-defiant-drugs-war-191126043336589.html

Indien. Manipur: Drug lab busted, heroin worth Rs 165 crore seized

Police said 41 kg heroin was found at the laboratory. This is the fourth drug bust in the state in six months. (The Indian Express, Indien, 07.12.2019)

https://indianexpress.com/article/north-east-india/manipur/manipur-drug-lab-busted-heroin-worth-rs-165-crore-seized-6149044/

USA/Mexiko. Drogenkrieg US-Regierung will mexikanische Kartelle als Terrororganisationen einstufen lassen 

Mexikos Drogenbanden haben Zehntausende Menschen auf dem Gewissen. US-Präsident Trump will die Kartelle künftig als "terroristische Organisationen" bekämpfen - und brüskiert damit das Nachbarland. (Spiegel online, 27.11.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/donald-trump-will-drogenkartelle-in-mexiko-als-terrororganisation-einstufen-a-1298435.html

Mexiko. Mexico’s Cartel Wars: Living in a War Zone 

Mexico’s president has faced mounting criticism for his government’s non-confrontational approach to drug cartels, as people across the country increasingly have to contend with daily violence and uncertainty. Our latest feature explores how one kingpin is now making a play to control the Michoacan region, and tells the story of the Garcia family, who live in Michoacan and whose lives were upended when armed men kidnapped a relative for ransom. (The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), 28.11.2019)

https://www.occrp.org/en/37-ccblog/ccblog/11220-mexico-s-cartel-wars-living-in-a-war-zone

Philippinen. Philippines: President Duterte's fierce rival stripped of 'drug czar' post

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has sacked "drug czar" Leni Robredo, just weeks after her appointment. (BBC, 24.11.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50537574

Spanien. Spain seizes submarine with 2,000kg of cocaine - police sources

A submarine loaded with more than 2,000kg (4,409lb) of cocaine has been seized in Spain, police sources say.

They say two people were held after the vessel ran aground off Galicia's coast in the north-west. A third person fled. They all are said to be from Ecuador. (BBC, 24.11.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50539006

Philippinen. The Nightcrawlers review – are the Filipino authorities executing drug addicts? 

This gripping documentary follows the brave photographers capturing the carnage triggered by President Duterte’s policy of executing supposed dealers and users. (Guardian, UK, 20.11.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2019/nov/20/the-nightcrawlers-review-are-the-filipino-authorities-executing-drug-addicts

Philippinen. DPA & Representatives from 51 Countries Stand Behind Efforts to ‘STOP THE KILLINGS’ in the Philippines at the International Drug Policy Reform Conference

New York, NY – Last week, at Drug Policy Alliance’s International Drug Policy Reform Conference, attendees from 51 countries protested the thousands of brutal killings that have taken place in the Philippines in the name of President Rodrigo Duterte’s drug war, gathering under cultural collective RESBAK’s iconic ‘Stop the Killings’ banner in a united show of opposition. (DPA – Drug Policy Alliance, USA, 15.11.2019)

http://www.drugpolicy.org/press-release/2019/11/dpa-representatives-51-countries-stand-behind-efforts-stop-killings

Philippinen. Philippines: President Duterte's fierce rival becomes new drug czar

Leni Robredo, an outspoken critic of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's war on drugs, has accepted his offer to lead the controversial campaign.

Ms Robredo, the vice-president and Mr Duterte's political rival, said she would use her powers to stop the killing of innocent people and hold authorities to account. (BBC, 06.11.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50313866

Philippinen. Philippines police chief and Duterte drug war enforcer resigns in meth scandal 

Oscar Albayalde denies allegations he profits from drug deals arranged by corrupt officers in 2013. (The Guardian, UK, 14.10.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/14/philippines-police-chief-and-duterte-drug-war-enforcer-resigns-in-meth-scandal

Philippinen. Former Philippines chief drugs fighter faces drug charges

The former head of the Philippines national police force is facing a criminal complaint in relation to the alleged resale of confiscated drugs. (BBC, 21.10.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-50120723

Philippinen. Philippines: End “war on drugs” following national Police chief’s resignation 

Responding to today’s resignation of Philippine National Police chief General Oscar Albayalde, Nicholas Bequelin, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for East and Southeast Asia, said:

“General Albayalde’s resignation is the last blow to the credibility of the so-called ‘war on drugs’. The Philippines authorities must ensure that justice is done and that this lawless and murderous campaign ends now .(amnesty international, 14.10.2019)

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/10/philippines-end-war-drugs-following-national-police-chief-resignation/

Mexiko. Cartel gunmen terrorize Mexican city, free El Chapo's son

Heavily armed fighters surrounded security forces in a Mexican city on Thursday and made them free one of drug lord Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman’s sons, after his capture triggered gunbattles and a prison break that sent civilians scurrying for cover. (Reuters, 18.10.2019)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mexico-violence-sinaloa/cartel-gunmen-terrorize-mexican-city-free-el-chapos-son-idUSKBN1WW34M

Mexiko. Gefechte nach Festnahme von "El Chapos" Sohn: Das Parallelregime der Gangster in Mexiko 

Ein Drogenhändler wird festgenommen, die Milizen des Sinaloa-Kartells rücken an und schießen ihn frei. Die Gangster zeigen der mexikanischen Regierung, wer das Gewaltmonopol im Land hat. Der Präsident agiert hilflos. (Spiegel online, 18.10.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/justiz/mexico-strassenkaempfe-nach-verhaftung-von-el-chapo-sohn-a-1292314.html

AFGHANISTAN - PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS IN ARMED CONFLICT

SPECIAL REPORT:AIRSTRIKES ON ALLEGED DRUG-PROCESSING FACILITIESFARAH, 5 MAY 2019

United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, United Nations Human Rights – Office of the High Commissioner, October 2019, Kabul, Afghanistan

https://unama.unmissions.org/sites/default/files/afghanistan_-_unama_special_report_usfor-a_airstrikes_bakwa_-_9_october.pdf

Afghanistan. US meth lab strikes in Afghanistan killed at least 30 civilians, says UN

US air strikes on alleged Taliban drug labs in western Afghanistan killed at least 30 civilians, including children, according to the United Nations. (BBC, 09.10.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-49984804