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Kolumbien. Blow up: Cocaine production in Colombia is at historic highs

There is not much the government can do about it. (The Economist, UK, 06.07.2019)

https://www.economist.com/the-americas/2019/07/06/cocaine-production-in-colombia-is-at-historic-highs

Bolivien. Latest UNODC Monitoring Report shows decline of coca cultivation in Bolivia

La Paz/Vienna, 22 August 2019 - In 2018, the cultivation of coca crops in Bolivia decreased by six per cent compared to data from 2017, according to the latest Coca Cultivation Survey presented today in La Paz by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Government of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The cultivated surface decreased by 1,400 hectares, from 24,500 hectares in 2017 to 23,100 hectares in 2018. (UNODC, Wien, 22.08.2019)

https://www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Bolivia/Bolivia_Informe_Monitoreo_Coca_2018_web.pdf

Mexiko. Mexican bishop says criminal groups ‘seeking an exit,’ urges dialogue

A bishop in Mexico’s heroin-producing heartland is urging the federal government to hold talks with armed groups — including drug cartels — saying many in the illegal drugs business are unable to make ends meet and are “seeking an exit.” (Catholic News Service, USA, 23.08.2019)

http://catholicphilly.com/2019/08/news/world-news/mexican-bishop-says-criminal-groups-seeking-an-exit-urges-dialogue/

Philippinen. Duterte vs Icelanders: Ice-Eating, Fetus-Killers 

Lashing out on an island on the other end of the globe, Philippines’ President Rodrigo Duterte blasted on Tuesday the ‘ice-eating white folks’ of Iceland for lecturing him about human rights while allowing abortions of fetuses as old as six months.

Iceland angered Duterte when it initiated a UN Human Rights Council resolution that urged Manila to “take all necessary measures to prevent extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances” which have been taking place as part of its war against drugs. (occrp.org, 29.08.2019)

https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/10582-duterte-vs-icelanders-ice-eating-fetus-killers

Philippinen. The Uncounted Dead of Duterte's Drug War

Huge numbers of deaths have gone uncounted in Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s drug war. What does that mean for due process, and for the countries that emulate him? (The Atlantic, USA, 19.08.2019)

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2019/08/philippines-dead-rodrigo-duterte-drug-war/595978/

THE COST AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR ON DRUGS (REPORT)

Alvaro Piaggio

Human Rights Foundation, New York, 07.08.2019

https://hrf.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/WoD_Online-version-FINAL.pdf

Kolumbien. The War in Catatumbo

Abuses by Armed Groups Against Civilians Including Venezuelan Exiles in Northeastern Colombia

(...) Catatumbo is an important source of coca, the raw material used to produce cocaine. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reported that in 2017 roughly 28,200 acres were producing coca in North Santander.

(...) In most cases, the threats appear to be issued by armed groups operating in the area. The groups typically demand that civilians stop supporting programs to replace coca crops with food crops or accuse them of cooperating with another armed group.

(...) In Catatumbo, Venezuelan and Colombian children work in coca fields, which can be a barrier to attending school. (Human Rights Watch, USA, 2019)

https://www.hrw.org/report/2019/08/08/war-catatumbo/abuses-armed-groups-against-civilians-including-venezuelan-exiles

Kolumbien. Bitter Fight for Former FARC Areas Drives Surge in Colombia Homicides

Colombia’s homicide rate rose for the first time in a decade in 2018, reflecting renewed conflicts between criminal groups in strategic areas of the country in the wake of the demobilization of FARC guerrillas. (InSight Crime, USA, 30.07.2019)

https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/bitter-fight-former-farc-areas-colombia-homicides/

Philippinen. Inside the Philippines Prison That Sparked Duterte’s Murderous Drug War

Twenty-three thousand dead. That’s the latest estimate—and maybe a low one—of people killed by President Rodrigo Duterte’s Philippines drug war. Duterte won the May 2016 presidential election on a brutal tough-on-crime ticket, playing on an impression in many Filipinos’ minds that the country was on the verge of lawlessness.

He pulled it off thanks to a 2014 scandal at the New Bilibid prison in Muntinlupa, just outside Manila, where drug lords were revealed to be living in luxury. As well as murdering thousands of his own people, the scandal helped Duterte to crack down on political opponents like Senator Leila de Lima, who was accused of ties to the New Bilibid gangs. (Filter, USA, 17.07.2019)

https://filtermag.org/2019/07/17/philippines-prison-duterte-drug-war/

Philippinen. Philippines drugs war: UN votes to investigate killings

The UN Human Rights Council has voted to set up an investigation into alleged crimes committed during the Philippine government's war on drugs. (BBC, UK, 11.07.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-48955153

Philippinen: Mögliche Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit müssen untersucht werden

Neuer Amnesty-Bericht: Erschreckendes Ausmaß der außergerichtlichen Hinrichtungen im sogenannten Anti-Drogenkrieg legt nahe, dass es sich dabei um Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit handelt.

Drei Jahre nach dem Beginn des so genannten Anti-Drogenkrieges der philippinischen Regierung nimmt die Zahl der Opfer außergerichtlicher Tötungen weiter dramatisch zu. Unter ihnen sind vor allem Menschen aus den armen Stadtvierteln und Regionen des Landes. Die Verantwortlichen gehen straffrei aus oder werden versetzt. Dies dokumentiert der Amnesty-Bericht „‘They just kill‘ – Ongoing extrajudicial executions and other violations in the Philippines“. Das Ausmaß der Gewalt legt nahe, dass es sich um Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit handelt. (amnesty international, 08.07.2019)

https://www.amnesty.de/allgemein/pressemitteilung/philippinen-philippinen-moegliche-verbrechen-gegen-die-menschlichkeit

Philippinen. ‘THEY JUST KILL’ - ONGOING EXTRAJUDICIAL EXECUTIONS AND OTHER VIOLATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES’ ‘WAR ON DRUGS’

In towns and cities across the Philippines, the lethal policy that the government calls the“war on drugs” continues. In the three years since President Rodrigo Duterte took office, thousands of poor people suspected of using or selling drugs, or otherwise linked to drugs, have been killed by police and unknown armed persons. While during thefirst year of Duterte’s tenure as president these killings were fairly well-documented, they often go unreported now, contributing to a perilous normalisation of extrajudicial executions, police abuses, erosion of the rule of law and victimisation of the poor in the country. This situation leavesthe victims’ families feeling even more powerless and isolated than before.

Amnesty International 2019

https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA3505782019ENGLISH.PDF

Philippinen. Philippines: ‘Drug War’ Devastates Children’s Lives - Kids Suffer in President Duterte’s Brutal Campaign

(Geneva) – The Philippine government’s brutal “war on drugs” has devastated the lives of countless children, Human Rights Watch said today in a new web feature. The United Nations Human Rights Council, whose 41st session began on June 24, 2019, in Geneva, should adopt the resolution initiated by Iceland that asks the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to report on the Philippines’ “drug war” and human rights crisis. (Human Rights Watch, USA, 27.06.2019)

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/06/27/philippines-drug-war-devastates-childrens-lives

Kolumbien/USA. US Secretary of State doubles down on backing aerial coca spraying in Colombia

The US still strongly supports the resumption of aerial spraying of pesticide on Colombian coca fields, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told a Senate panel Tuesday. (colombiareports.com, 12.06.2019)

https://colombiareports.com/us-secretary-of-state-doubles-down-on-backing-aerial-spraying-of-coca-fields

Philippinen. The Melancholy of Killercops in the Philippines Drug War (Part 1-3)

Rodrigo Duterte says he wants to eradicate the evil in the Philippines. His cops execute thousands of people for alleged involvement with drugs. The crowd cheers. But Nino Cerrado, an officer in Manila's anti-drug unit, is plagued with guilt. (Benedict Wermter in: Talking Drugs, UK, 13.05.2019)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/the-melancholy-of-killercops-pt-1

Afghanistan. New US airstrikes obscure a dramatic development in the Afghan drugs industry – the proliferation of low cost methamphetamine

Earlier this month US and Afghan forces bombed 68 drugs labs in South-western Afghanistan, claiming that they caused the Taliban losses of over $1 million per day. David Mansfield and Alexander Soderholm write that not only have the effects of these strikes been exaggerated, their promotion obscures a new reality on the ground: a dramatic growth in the methamphetamine industry in Afghanistan, fuelled by a ready supply of a home grown ephedra crop. (London School of Economics, US Center, 28.05.2019)

https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2019/05/28/new-us-airstrikes-obscure-a-dramatic-development-in-the-afghan-drugs-industry-the-proliferation-of-low-cost-methamphetamine/

Kolumbien. In Colombia’s Tumaco, the war isn’t over, it’s just beginning - ‘There’s a limit to how much hunger a person can bear’

Almost three years have passed since a much-vaunted peace deal brought an end to the longest-running conflict in the western hemisphere. Try telling that to the people of Tumaco, where the murder rate is four times Colombia’s national average and violent clashes have displaced at least 2,700 people already in 2019. (The New Humanitarian, 23.05.2019)

https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/special-report/2019/05/23/colombia-tumaco-dissidents-war-over-just-beginning-farc-coca

Mexiko/USA. Mexico president says no to US security plan

Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said Tuesday he wants the United States to end a security assistance program called the Merida Initiative and instead invest in economic development in Mexico and Central America. (afp, 08.05.2019)

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/mexico-president-says-no-to-us-security-plan/ar-AAB2yAk

The war on drugs is incompatible with the fight against HIV

The Lancet HIV , Volume 6 , Issue 5 , e269  (Editorial)

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanhiv/article/PIIS2352-3018(19)30112-2/fulltext

Niederlande. Booby trap scuppers police raid on Dutch floating crystal meth lab 

Forensic experts were forced off cargo ship when it suddenly began taking on water. (The Guardian, UK, 13.05.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/13/netherlands-police-raid-cargo-ship-crystal-meth-lab-moerdijk

Brasilien. The Brazilian Harm Reduction Community Is Calling for Help

The renewed commitment to the war on drugs approach of president Bolsonaro is threatening the achievements of the Brazilian harm reduction movement. Watch our videos! (Drug Reporter, Ungarn, 07.05.2019)

https://drogriporter.hu/en/brazil19/

Mexiko. Drogenkrieg in Mexiko: So setzen Kartelle Drohnen als Waffen ein

In Ländern wie Mexiko nutzen Gangs und Syndikate zunehmend Drohnen für ihre Geschäfte. Sogar Sprengsätze werden inzwischen damit transportiert. Der US-Grenzschutz ist überfordert mit dem Phänomen. (Spiegel online, 23.04.2019)

https://www.spiegel.de/netzwelt/netzpolitik/drogenkrieg-in-mexiko-so-setzen-kartelle-drohnen-als-waffen-ein-a-1257400.html

Philippinen. Rage Against the Dying of the Light: In Search of Justice in the Philippines

Principles of justice and human rights in the Philippines have been deeply eroded by President Rodrigo Duterte’s so-called drug war, but a group of human rights defenders are intent on changing that. (TalkingDrugs, UK, 29.04.2019)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/in-search-of-justice-in-the-philippines

Afghanistan. Denying Revenue or Wasting Money? Assessing the Impact of the Air Campaign Against ‘Drugs Labs’ in Afghanistan

(London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), LSE International Drug Policy Unit, David Mansfield, April 2019)

http://www.lse.ac.uk/united-states/Assets/Documents/mansfield-april-update.pdf

Mexico murder rate soars to unprecedented levels in 2019, data shows

Despite official pledges to curb the ever-growing murder rate in Mexico, it seems to only be on the uptick. (Fox News, USA, 22.04.2019)

https://www.foxnews.com/world/murder-rate-in-mexico-climbs-to-unprecedented-levels

Kolumbien. Situation of human rights in Colombia - Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the High Commissioner and the Secretary-General, Human Rights Council, Fortieth session, 25 February–22 March 2019

https://undocs.org/A/HRC/40/3/ADD.3

Kolumbien. Uptick in Colombia Massacres Highlights Shifting Criminal Dynamics

A new United Nations report has revealed a scandalous increase in the number of massacres carried out in Colombia, revealing new criminal dynamics in strategic areas of the country. (InSight Crime, USA, 22.04.2019)

https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/uptick-colombia-massacres-shifting-criminal-dynamics/

Afghanistan. How the US military's opium war in Afghanistan was lost

The US has spent $1.5m (£1.15m) a day since 2001 fighting the opium war in Afghanistan. So why is business still booming? (BBC, UK, 25.04.2019)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-47861444