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Kolumbien. How Pablo Escobar’s ‘cocaine hippos’ became a biodiversity nightmare (Podcast)

Animals brought illegally to Colombia by the drug kingpin have been allowed to roam free and are now disrupting the fragile ecosystem. (The Guardian, UK, 13.12.2021, Podcast, 25:28)

https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/audio/2021/dec/14/how-pablo-escobars-cocaine-hippos-became-a-biodiversity-nightmare

The War on Drugs Project

In 2020, CMWSS hosted a symposium csa to the newly published volume The War on Drugs: A History, edited by David Farber, and features material created by Clark Terrill and designed by Marjorie Galelli. It includes a teaching guide for each chapter, containing both questions and a list of key terms and themes; a timeline for the war on drugs; and a list of primary sources useful for teaching about this topic. (The Center for Military, War, and Society Studies, USA, 2021)

https://cmwss.com/the-war-on-drugs

USA. An Addictive War: How Cartel Bosses are Playing the U.S. Justice System Bringing drug kingpins to face justice in the U.S. has long been seen as a key part of Washington’s anti-cartel arsenal. Behind the showy press conferences for bosses like El Chapo, experts say, lies a cottage industry of expensive lawyers and opportunistic traffickers looking for a way out. (OCCRP, 15.12.2021)

https://www.occrp.org/en/investigations/an-addictive-war-how-cartel-bosses-are-playing-the-us-justice-system

Philippinen. ICC prosecutor suspends probe into Philippines drugs war

The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has suspended a probe at Manila's request into suspected rights abuses during Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's crackdown on drugs.

ICC judges approved a probe in September into the campaign in which thousands of suspected drug peddlers have died. Activists say many have been executed by law enforcement agencies with the tacit backing of the President.

Philippine authorities say the killings were in self-defense and that the ICC has no right to meddle.

Court documents released by the ICC and confirmed by Philippine officials on Saturday showed that Manila filed the deferral request on November 10, citing the country's own investigations into drug war killings. (CNN World, 20.11.2021)

https://edition.cnn.com/2021/11/20/asia/icc-suspended-philippines-war-intl-hnk/index.html

Ecuador. Battle among Ecuador prison gangs kills at least 68 inmates

QUITO, Ecuador (AP) — A prolonged gunbattle between rival gangs inside Ecuador’s largest prison killed at least 68 inmates and wounded 25 on Saturday, while authorities said it took most of the day to regain control at the Litoral Penitentiary, which recently saw the country’s worst prison bloodbath. (Laredo Morning Times, USA, 13.11.2021)

https://www.lmtonline.com/news/article/Police-Ecuadorian-prison-clash-leaves-at-least-16618272.php

Philippinen. Philippine President Duterte’s Former Economic Adviser was a “Drug Lord,” Says Affidavit in New ICC Case

Testimony in a new International Criminal Court (ICC) case corroborates a police report claiming Michael Yang, who is close to Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, ran meth labs on the island of Mindanao in the early 2000s. Yang has since been linked to alleged procurement corruption, and a Philippine Senate committee has suggested he could face criminal charges. (OCCRP - Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project in partnership with Rappler, Philippinen, 10.11.2021)

https://www.occrp.org/en/investigations/philippine-president-dutertes-former-economic-adviser-was-a-drug-lord-says-affidavit-in-new-icc-case

Philippinen. Inside the bloody drug crackdown in the Philippines: Duterte’s War 

WINNER OF THE 2018 PULITZER PRIZE FOR INTERNATIONAL REPORTING

Reuters investigates Duterte’s War.

https://www.reuters.com/investigates/section/philippines-drugs/

Global Consequences of the War on Drugs: Perspectives from Former Open Society Fellows (Video)

June 17 marked the 50th anniversary of U.S. President Richard Nixon’s declaration of a War on Drugs. Since then, this failed policy has been exported and implemented around the world, driving mass incarceration and human rights violations in the United States and internationally.

Punitive policies that criminalize people for low-level drug offenses harm individuals and their communities while hindering access to security and essential services. Over the last year, the damaging effects of this approach have become more evident than ever—prisons and jails have become epicenters of the COVID-19 pandemic and overdose rates are rising, with more than 93,000 deaths occurring in the U.S. in 2020 alone. 

How has the war on drugs shaped international policies and practices, and how do we begin to reverse its harms? In this panel discussion, former Open Society fellows and global drug policy experts examine the international impacts of the war on drugs and provide insights on how to shift drug policy from prohibition and punishment to health and human rights. (Open Society Foundations, USA, 22.09.2021, Video, 01:00:17)

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/events/global-consequences-of-the-war-on-drugs-perspectives-from-former-open-society-fellows

Philippinen. Philippines to investigate 154 police over deadly drugs war

MANILA, Oct 4 (Reuters) - An initial investigation by the Philippine government has found 154 police officers could be criminally liable over their conduct in President Rodrigo Duterte's bloody war on drugs, in a rare admission by the state that abuses may have taken place. (Reuters, 04.10.2021)

https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/philippines-investigate-154-police-over-deadly-drugs-war-2021-10-04/

Philippinen/Niederlande. ICC to open full investigation into Duterte’s ‘war on drugs’

The Hague-based court says ‘specific legal element of the crime against humanity of murder’ has been met in the crackdown that killed thousands in Philippines. (Al Jazeera, Katar, 15.09.2021)

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/9/15/philippines-icc-agrees-to-probe-dutertes-war-on-drugs

Philippinen/Niederlande. ICC authorises full inquiry into Rodrigo Duterte’s ‘war on drugs’

‘Reasonable basis’ to believe crime against humanity committed in Philippines crackdown, say judges. (The Guardian, UK, 15.07.2021)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/sep/15/icc-authorises-full-inquiry-rodrigo-duterte-war-on-drugs-philippines

Sri Lanka. Drug Control Sri Lanka: A Broken System: Drug Control, Detention and Treatment of People Who Use Drugs in Sri Lanka

Over the past decade, the government of Sri Lanka has adopted a militarised approach to drug control, with the military playing an increasingly significant role in the ‘war on drugs’. This includes not only participation in anti-drug trafficking operations, but also in drug treatment and prevention. (HRI – Harm Reduction International, UK, 2021)

https://www.hri.global/drug-control-sri-lanka

Kolumbien. Five years on, Colombia’s coca regions remain at war and distrust is growing - ‘We haven’t known peace in decades.’

Colombia’s 2016 peace deal was lauded for bringing to an end the longest-running war in the Americas. But five years on, aggressive counter-narcotics tactics and unkept government pledges are blamed for fuelling distrust in rural areas and driving a new cycle of violence. (The New Humanitarian, Schweiz, 31.08.2021)

https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news-feature/2021/8/31/colombias-coca-regions-remain-at-war-and-distrust-is-growing

Mexiko/USA. Maßnahme im Drogenkrieg Mexiko will US-Waffenhersteller verklagen 

Mehr als zwei Millionen Schusswaffen wurden innerhalb von zehn Jahren nach Mexiko geschmuggelt – die meisten davon angeblich aus den USA. Mexiko hat nun Klage eingereicht. Es geht um zehn Milliarden Dollar. (Spiegel online, 05.08.2021)

https://www.spiegel.de/ausland/mexiko-will-us-waffenhersteller-verklagen-a-15dc04f8-ac22-4fe1-81fb-366a6e75978a

Indonesien. ‘State terror’: Report backs ICC probe of Duterte’s drug war

Families of victims have until August 13 to submit to The Hague additional documents detailing abuses allegedly committed by Filipino authorities. (Al Jazeera, Katar, 15.07.2021)

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/7/15/investigate-ph-human-rights-report

Brasilien. Militarism, Prohibitionism, Drug War: A Formula for Massacre

On the 6th of May, agents of the Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro entered the community of Jacarezinho to execute prison warrants. They went with helicopters, assault and sniper rifles, ignoring a Supreme Court ruling that suspended police operations in shantytowns during the COVID-19 crisis. During the incursion, the police officers murdered 28 young, Black and Brown men. Further, friends and relatives of the victims accused the cops of moving corpses in order to alter the crime scene. (Talking Drugs, UK, 28.06.2021)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/militarism-prohibitionism-drug-war-a-formula-for-massacre

The time to end the war on drugs is long overdue

The Lancet HIV, 

The Lancet HIV, Volume 8, Issue 7, e387 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanhiv/article/PIIS2352-3018(21)00130-2/fulltext

How the United States Fueled a Global Drug War, and Why It Must End

June 2021 marks 50 years since Richard Nixon declared “drug abuse” the United States’ “public enemy number one.” It is a grim anniversary that resonates not only in the United States but all over the world. The global drug war is an unmitigated human rights disaster, well-documented in painstaking detail. As U.S. domestic drug policy reform gains momentum, it is time the United States makes a concerted effort to de-escalate the failed, harmful, and disastrous global war on drugs. (OSF – Open Society Foundations, USA, 29.06.2021)

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/how-the-united-states-fueled-a-global-drug-war-and-why-it-must-end

UN Highlights Role of Drug War in Racist Policing 

On 28th June the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights released its report, “Agenda towards transformative change for racial justice and equality,” which highlights the pervasiveness of discrimination faced by Africans and people of African descent around the world. It points to the fact that ‘systemic racism and enduring harmful and degrading associations of Blackness with criminality and delinquency also shape interactions of people of African descent with law enforcement officials and the criminal justice system.’ (Talking Drugs, UK, 29.06.2021)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/un-drug-war-racist-policing%C2%A0

USA. After 50 Years Of The War On Drugs, 'What Good Is It Doing For Us?' (Audio)

(npr – National Public Radio, USA. 17.06.2021, Audio, 07:00)

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/17/1006495476/after-50-years-of-the-war-on-drugs-what-good-is-it-doing-for-us

USA. On 50th Anniversary of “War on Drugs,” New Poll Shows Majority of Voters Support Ending Criminal Penalties for Drug Possession, Think Drug War is a Failure 

ACLU and Drug Policy Alliance Call on Biden to Begin Ending Failed War by Commuting Sentences of People Incarcerated for Drugs. (DPA – Drug Policy Alliance, USA, 09.06.2021)

https://drugpolicy.org/press-release/2021/06/50th-anniversary-war-drugs-new-poll-shows-majority-voters-support-ending

The war on drugs (Audio)

The 'war on drugs' was launched by US President Richard Nixon in 1971. He said drug abuse was a 'national emergency'. (BBC, UK, 01.06.2021, Audio, 09:00)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3ct1x0v

Kolumbien. At least 31 indigenous people hurt in Colombia following armed attack

At least 31 indigenous people were wounded in southeast Colombia on Thursday after an illegal armed group opened fire on them while they destroyed crops of coca, the chief ingredient in cocaine, an organization representing the community said. (Reuters, 23.05.2021)

https://www.reuters.com/world/americas/least-31-indigenous-people-hurt-colombia-following-armed-attack-2021-04-22/

As the UN celebrates the 60th anniversary of the global ‘war on drugs’, experts highlight its devastating impacts

As the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) celebrates the 60th anniversary of the global drug control regime, a new report by the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) highlights the shocking health and human rights disaster unfolding across the world in the name of drug control. (IDPC, UK, 12.04.2021)

https://idpc.net/media/press-releases/2021/04/as-the-un-celebrates-the-60th-anniversary-of-the-global-war-on-drugs-experts-highlight-its-devastating-impacts

Köln. Hauptzollamt Köln: Kölner Zoll stellt knapp 70.000 Cannabissamen im Wert von rund 560.000 Euro im Postverkehr sicher - massiver Schmuggelanstieg seit Jahresbeginn

Allein bis Ende Februar zog der Kölner Zoll seit Jahresbeginn im Postverkehr knapp 70.000 Cannabissamen aus dem Verkehr. Die Samen hatten einen geschätzten Gesamtwert von rund 560.000 Euro. 

"Bei Kontrollen des Postverkehrs aus den Niederlanden gingen uns bisher mehr als 5.800 Briefe mit Cannabissamen ins Netz. Das ist ein massiver Schmuggelanstieg, der aktuell auch weiter anhält", so Jens Ahland, Pressesprecher des Hauptzollamts Köln. (Hauptzollamt Köln, 04.03.2021)

https://www.presseportal.de/blaulicht/pm/121251/4855089

UK. The War On Drugs: Turning 12-Year-Olds Into Drug Dealers |

For the past decade, the UK has been horrified by the phenomenon of County Lines – big city criminal groups using kids as young as 12 to take over the drug supply of smaller towns and villages.

It’s taken years for the police to even begin to understand. (VICE, UK, 2021)

https://video.vice.com/en_uk/video/turning-12-year-olds-into-drug-dealers/602a9054b095bc6a6e4b2f01

Spanien. Spanish police seize narco-submarine in Malaga raid

Police in Spain have seized a homemade submarine capable of transporting up to two tonnes of drugs. (BBC, 13.03.20219

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-56382615

Kolumbien. Colombia launches new military unit to target drug trafficking, armed groups

BOGOTA. Colombia on Friday launched a new military unit to target coca crops and cocaine production, illicit mining, and the illegal armed groups who use such activities for financial gain. (Reuters, 26.02.2021)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-colombia-conflict/colombia-launches-new-military-unit-to-target-drug-trafficking-armed-groups-idUSKBN2AQ2FR

Indien. Twin Menace Of Golden Triangle And Golden Crescent For India – Analysis

The Golden Triangle and the Golden Crescent are considered to be two of the safest havens for illicit drug manufacturing and trading on the planet. The former comprises the countries of Laos, Thailand and Myanmar in South Eastern Asia and the latter is located at the cross roads of central, south and Western Asia, overlapping the mountain ranges of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. `(Eurasian Review, 26.01.2021)

https://www.eurasiareview.com/26012021-twin-menace-of-golden-triangle-and-golden-crescent-for-india-analysis/

Drogen: Amerikas längster Krieg

Die Corona-Pandemie stellt auch das amerikanische Gefängnissystem auf die Probe. Kein Land auf der Welt sperrt so viele Drogensüchtige ein wie die USA. Seit den 60er-Jahren haben die USA über eine Billion Dollar in den "Krieg gegen Drogen" gesteckt, 45 Millionen Menschen wurden verhaftet. Der preisgekrönte Dokumentarfilm von Eugene Jarecki zeigt, wie Wegsperrmentalität und Missachtung von sozialen Umständen ein neues System der Diskriminierung, des systemischen Rassismus geschaffen haben, das auch in diesem Wahljahr enormen sozialen Sprengstoff birgt. (NDR Dokfilm, NDR Fernsehen, 03.11.2020, Video, 01:44:04, in der Mediathek aufrufbar bis 03.11.2021)

https://www.ardmediathek.de/ndr/video/ndr-dokfilm/drogen-amerikas-laengster-krieg/ndr-fernsehen/Y3JpZDovL25kci5kZS84MTZlODQ2NC1jNGE5LTQxNWEtODIyOC02MDNhMmFmYjhlZmQ/