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Use of Kratom, an Opioid-like Traditional Herb, in Pregnancy.

Smid MC, Charles JE, Gordon AJ, Wright TE.

Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Oct;132(4):926-928. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002871.



State Strategies to Address Opioid Use Disorder Among Pregnant and Postpartum Women and Infants Prenatally Exposed to Substances, Including Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.

Kroelinger CD, Rice ME, Cox S, et al. 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:777–783. DOI: doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6836a1


Prenatal Exposure to Methamphetamine: Up-Regulation of Brain Receptor Genes.

Zoubková H, Tomášková A, Nohejlová K, Černá M, Šlamberová R.

Front Neurosci. 2019 Aug 1;13:771. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00771.


Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorders during Pregnancy: A Review of Comparative Clinical Effectiveness, Safety, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines [Internet].

Edge R, Butcher R.

Ottawa (ON): Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2019 May 9. PMID: 31479216


Relation of in-utero exposure to antiepileptic drugs to pregnancy duration and size at birth.

Margulis AV, Hernandez-Diaz S, McElrath T, Rothman KJ, Plana E, Almqvist C, et al. (2019) 

PLoS ONE 14(8): e0214180. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214180


Prenatal exposure to opioid maintenance treatment and neonatal outcomes: Nationwide registry studies from the Czech Republic and Norway.

Handal M, Nechanská B, Skurtveit S, Lund IO, Gabrhelík R, Engeland A, Mravčík V.

Pharmacol Res Perspect. 2019 Aug 14;7(5):e00501. doi: 10.1002/prp2.501.


Association of Maternal Use of Benzodiazepines and Z-Hypnotics During Pregnancy With Motor and Communication Skills and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Preschoolers.

Lupattelli A, Chambers CD, Bandoli G, Handal M, Skurtveit S, Nordeng H.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e191435. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1435. Erratum in: JAMA Netw Open. 2019 May 3;2(5):e194291. 


Association of prenatal exposure to benzodiazepines and child internalizing problems: A sibling-controlled cohort study.

Brandlistuen RE, Ystrom E, Hernandez-Diaz S, Skurtveit S, Selmer R, Handal M, et al. (2017) 

PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181042. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181042


Opioids Affect the Fetal Brain: Reframing the Detoxification Debate.

Caritis SN, Panigrahy A.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jul 16. pii: S0002-9378(19)30906-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.07.022.



Treating women with opioid use disorder during pregnancy in Appalachia: Initial neonatal outcomes following buprenorphine + naloxone exposure.

Nguyen L, Lander LR, O'Grady KE, Marshalek PJ, Schmidt A, Kelly AK, Jones HE.

Am J Addict. 2018 Mar;27(2):92-96. doi: 10.1111/ajad.12687. 


Maternal buprenorphine treatment during pregnancy and maternal physiology.

Jansson LM, Velez ML, McConnell K, Milio L, Spencer N, Jones H, DiPietro JA.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 May 31;201:38-44. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.03.018. 



Impact of prenatal exposure to benzodiazepines and z-hypnotics on behavioral problems at 5 years of age: A study from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.

Sundbakk LM, Wood M, Gran JM, Nordeng H (2019) 

PLoS ONE 14(6): e0217830. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217830


Substance Use In Pregnancy.

Prince MK, Ayers D.

StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019 Jan-.
2019 May 18.


Medications to Treat Opioid Use During Pregnancy – An info sheet for providers

This information sheet, for practitioners, explains the importance of concurrent treatment of OUD with prenatal/postpartum care and the importance of providing the materials to clients. (SAMSHA, USA, April 2019)


Pregnancy Planning for Women Treated for Opioid Use Disorder 

This fact sheet is for women who are pregnant or of childbearing age with an opioid use disorder. (SAMHSA, USA, April 2019)


Implications of perinatal buprenorphine exposure on infant head circumference at birth.

O'Connor A, O'Brien L, Watson L.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Mar 25:1-81. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2019.1599352.



Cannabis in der Schwangerschaft könnte Psychoserisiko der Kinder erhöhen

St. Louis/Missouri – Kinder, deren Mütter einen Cannabiskonsum in der Schwangerschaft angegeben hatten, wiesen in einer prospektiven Kohortenstudie in JAMA Psychiatry(2019; doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.0076) im Alter von etwa 10 Jahren eine erhöhte Neigung zu psychotischen Symptomen auf. (aerzteblatt.de, 28.03.2019)


Schon eine Zigarette am Tag in der Schwangerschaft verdoppelt das Risiko auf einen Krippentod

Seattle – Rauchen während der Schwangerschaft könnte eine wichtige Ursache für den Krippentod (SIDS) sein. In einer US-Studie in Pediatrics(2019; doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-3325) war bereits für eine tägliche Zigarette ein erhöhtes Risiko nachweisbar, das dosisabhängig anstieg. (aerzteblatt.de, 13.03.2019)


Maternal Smoking Before and During Pregnancy and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death

Tatiana M. Anderson, Juan M. Lavista Ferres, Shirley You Ren, Rachel Y. Moon, Richard D. Goldstein, Jan-Marino Ramirez, Edwin A. Mitchell

Pediatrics Mar 2019, e20183325; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-3325 


Committee Opinion No. 711: Opioid Use and Opioid Use Disorder in Pregnancy.

Committee on Obstetric Practice.

Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Aug;130(2):e81-e94. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002235.



Supporting breastfeeding for infants born to opioid dependent mothers June 18, 2018.

Groer M; Breastfeeding Expert Panel,, Maguire D; Breastfeeding Expert Panel,, Taylor K.

Nurs Outlook. 2018 Sep;66(5):496-498. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2018.07.003. 


USA. Opioid Use Disorders and Medication-Assisted Treatment in Pregnancy

The rate of opioid misuse and dependence is escalating in many communities, including amongst pregnant and parenting women. In addition, substance use treatment systems are reporting increases in the number of individuals seeking treatment for opioid use disorders. Child welfare systems are reporting increases in caseloads, primarily among infants and young children coming into care and hospitals are reporting increases of infants born with neonatal abstinence syndrome. A coordinated, multi-systemic approach that is grounded in early identification and intervention can assist child welfare and treatment systems in conducting both a comprehensive assessment and ensuring access to the range of services needed by families. Collaborative planning and implementation of services are yielding promising results in communities across the country. (SAMHSA - Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, USA, Stand Februar 2019)


[Increasing Consumption of Crystal Meth in Saxony and its Risks for Mother and Child - Experiences at a Level I Perinatal Center from a Pediatric Viewpoint].

Dinger J, Näther N, Wimberger P, Zimmermann US, Schmitt J, Reichert J, Rüdiger M.

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol. 2017 Apr;221(2):73-80. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-102953. Epub 2017 May 23. German. 



WFSBP * and IAWMH ** Guidelines for the treatment of alcohol use disorders in pregnant women.

Thibaut F, Chagraoui A, Buckley L, Gressier F, Labad J, Lamy S, Potenza MN, Rondon M, Riecher-Rossler A, Soyka M, Yonkers K.

World J Biol Psychiatry. 2019 Jan 11:1-34. doi: 10.1080/15622975.2018.1510185. 



Medical Specialty of Buprenorphine Prescribers for Pregnant Women with Opioid Use Disorder.

Hollander MAG, Jarlenski MP, Donohue JM, Cole ES, Kelley D, Krans EE.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jan 28. pii: S0002-9378(19)30256-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.01.226. 


Benzodiazepine withdrawal in pregnant women with opioid use disorders: An observational study of current clinical practices at a tertiary obstetrical hospital.

Gopalan P, Moses-Kolko E, Valpey R, Shenai N, Smith E.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2018 Dec 11;57:29-33. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2018.12.005.



Substanzgebrauch in der Schwangerschaft: Willkommen zur CaSCH-T1 Befragung

Die Forschungsgruppe für Cannabinoide der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität führt eine vom Bundesministerium für Gesundheit geförderte Studie zum Thema „Substanzgebrauch während der Schwangerschaft“ durch. Der Hintergrund dieser Studie ist zu ermitteln, ob und welchen Substanzgebrauch es während der Schwangerschaft in Deutschland gibt, welche Erfahrungen die Frauen und das medizinische Fachpersonal dazu berichten und ob Auswirkungen des Gebrauchs auf Mutter und Kind zu beobachten sind. Dazu führen wir eine anonymeBefragung von schwangeren Frauen und Müttern sowie Ärztinnen und Ärzten, Hebammen und anderem Fachpersonal durch. Die Beantwortung der Fragen wird ungefähr 10 Minuten dauern.

Ihre Teilnahme wird entscheidend dazu beitragen, einen ersten Eindruck zur Häufigkeit und den Effekten des Substanzgebrauchs während der Schwangerschaft zu erhalten. (LMU – Ludwig Maximilian Universität, Klinikum der Universität München, 2018)


Risk of preterm and early term birth by maternal drug use.

Baer RJ, Chambers CD, Ryckman KK, Oltman SP, Rand L, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL.

J Perinatol. 2018 Dec 20. doi: 10.1038/s41372-018-0299-0.



USA. Drug Use During Pregnancy Not Child Abuse -Pennsylvania Top Court

(Reuters) - A divided Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled on Friday that mothers who use illegal drugs during their pregnancies are not committing child abuse against their newly-born children. (Medscape, 31.12.2018)