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Trends in alcoholrelated mortality in East and West Germany, 1980–2014: age, period and cohort variations.

Piontek, D., and Kraus, L. (2018)

Addiction, 113: 836–844. doi: 10.1111/add.14152.

Abstract

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/add.14152

Excess overdose mortality immediately following transfer of patients and their care as well as after cessation of opioid substitution therapy.

Bogdanowicz, K. M., Stewart, R., Chang, C.K., Shetty, H., Khondoker, M., Day, E., Hayes, R. D., and Strang, J. (2018)

Addiction, 113: 946–951. doi: 10.1111/add.14114.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/add.14114

Rausch auf Rezept Nach Tod ihres Verlobten: Osnabrückerin warnt vor Lyrica und „Oxys“

Osnabrück. Eigentlich lief es für F. aus Osnabrück nach vielen Jahren Drogenabhängigkeit ganz gut mit dem Methadonprogramm. Doch dann begann er, Tabletten zu nehmen – Lyrica und Oxycodon. Diese Woche wurde F. beerdigt. Seine Verlobte sagt: F. ist nicht der Erste aus der Szene rund um den Raiffeisenplatz, der in diesem Jahr in Folge von Schmerzmittelmissbrauch gestorben ist. (Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung, 10.03.2018)

https://www.noz.de/lokales/osnabrueck/artikel/1030986/nach-tod-ihres-verlobten-osnabrueckerin-warnt-vor-lyrica-und-oxys-1

Substance misuse-related poisoning deaths, England and Wales, 1993–2016

SA Handley, JD Ramsey, RJ Flanagan

Drug Science, Policy and Law, doi.org/10.1177/2050324518767445, First Published April 3, 2018

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2050324518767445

USA. How Many Opioid Overdoses Are Suicides?

(...) When doctors do look deeper into the reasons patients addicted to opioids become suicidal, some economists predict they’ll find deep reservoirs of depression and pain.

In a seminal paper published in 2015, Princeton economists Angus Deaton and Anne Case tracked falling marriage rates, the loss of stable middle-class jobs and rising rates of self-reported pain. The authors say opioid overdoses, suicides and diseases related to alcoholism are all often “deaths of despair.” (KHN – Kaiser’s Health News, USA. 28.03.2018)

https://khn.org/news/difficult-to-gauge-rate-of-suicide-among-deaths-from-opioid-overdoses

USA. Study: Despite decline in prescriptions, opioid deaths skyrocketing due to heroin and synthetic drugs

Fatalities from heroin and black-market synthetic opioids skyrocketed while the nation saw a decline in the number of opioid painkiller prescriptions and the overdose deaths attributed to them, according to a study.

The research from the American Action Forum shows that as authorities cracked down on the overprescribing of powerful painkillers, international cartels filled the void with cheap heroin and powerful synthetic opioids such as fentanyl. (Washington Post, 10.04.2018)

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2018/04/10/study-despite-decline-in-prescriptions-opioid-deaths-skyrocketing-due-to-heroin-and-synthetic-drugs

Deaths related to MDMA (ecstasy/molly): Prevalence, root causes, and harm reduction interventions

Khary K. Rigg & Amanda Sharp (2018)

Journal of Substance Use, DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2018.1436607

https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/Sn9BHegQ979bPzzjwjr5/full

USA. NIDA Director: Opioid Overdose ED Patients Need Access to Tx

Discharging opioid or heroin overdose patients from the emergency department (ED) without connecting them to treatment options “should be considered malpractice,” according to the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

Research has shown that one in 10 people who come to an ED because of an opioid or heroin overdose die within a year, said Nora Volkow, MD, Wednesday at the National Rx Drug Abuse and Heroin Summit in Atlanta. (ATForum, USA, 06.04.2018)

http://atforum.com/2018/04/nida-director-opioid-overdose-ed-patients-access-tx/

USA. Overshadowed by the Opioid Crisis: A Comeback by Cocaine

It’s the No. 2 killer among illicit drugs in the U.S. and kills more African-Americans than heroin does. (New York Times, 05.03.2018)

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/05/upshot/overshadowed-by-the-opioid-crisis-a-comeback-by-cocaine.html

Vital Signs: Trends in Emergency Department Visits for Suspected Opioid Overdoses - United States, July 2016-September 2017.

Vivolo-Kantor AM, Seth P, Gladden RM, Mattson CL, Baldwin GT, Kite-Powell A, Coletta MA.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 9;67(9):279-285. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6709e1.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6709e1.htm

USA. ICU After Overdosing on Opioids

A new study finds a significant and steady increase in the number of children in the United States who are admitted to pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) after swallowing opioids. (Partnership News Service Staff, 08.03.2018)

https://drugfree.org/learn/drug-and-alcohol-news/growing-number-children-end-icu-overdosing-opioids

Predictive Factors of Mortality in Acute Amphetamine Type Stimulants Poisoning; a Review of 226 Cases.

Rahimi M, Lookzadeh S, Sadeghi R, Soltaninejad K, Shadnia S, Pajoumand A, Hassanian-Moghaddam H, Zamani N, Latifi-Pour M.

Emerg (Tehran). 2018;6(1):e1.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5827041/

Circumstances surrounding non-fatal opioid overdoses attended by ambulance services.

Madah-Amiri D, Clausen T, Myrmel L, Brattebø G, Lobmaier P.

Drug Alcohol Rev. 2017 May;36(3):288-294. doi: 10.1111/dar.12451.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5434850/

Safety of a Brief Emergency Department Observation Protocol for Patients With Presumed Fentanyl Overdose

Scheuermeyer, Frank X. et al.

Annals of Emergency Medicine , Volume 0 , Issue 0 , doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.01.054

Abstract

http://www.annemergmed.com/article/S0196-0644(18)30082-9/fulltext

USA. Anzahl der Überdosisfälle mit Opioiden steigt in den USA

Atlanta – Die US-Behörden sind alarmiert über eine rasante Zunahme der Überdosen an Opioiden. Zwischen Juli 2016 und September 2017 ist die Anzahl vermuteter Überdosisfälle in 45 Bundesstaaten um 30 Prozent angestiegen, wie die US-Gesundheitsbehörde CDC in Atlanta mitteilte. (aerzteblatt.de, 07.03.2018)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/91640/Anzahl-der-Ueberdosisfaelle-mit-Opioiden-steigt-in-den-USA

Prevalence of gabapentin in drug overdose postmortem toxicology testing results.

Slavova S, Miller A, Bunn TL, White JR, Kirschke D, Light T, Christy D, Thompson G, Winecker R.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 Mar 10;186:80-85. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.01.018.

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29554591

USA. Opioid Overdoses Treated in Emergency Departments

Emergency department (ED) visits for opioid* overdoses rose 30% in all parts of the US from July 2016 through September 2017. People who have had an overdose are more likely to have another, so being seen in the ED is an opportunity for action. Repeat overdoses may be prevented with medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD), which is defined as a problematic pattern of opioid use. EDs can provide naloxone, link patients to treatment and referral services, and provide health departments with critical data on overdoses. ED data provide an early warning system for health departments to identify increases in opioid overdoses more quickly and coordinate response efforts. This fast-moving epidemic does not stay within state and county lines. Coordinated action between EDs, health departments, mental health and treatment providers, community-based organizations, and law enforcement can prevent opioid overdose and death. (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, CDC, 07.03.2018)

https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/opioid-overdoses/

Ageing opioid users' increased risk of methadone-specific death in the UK.

Pierce M, Millar T, Robertson JR, Bird SM.

Int J Drug Policy. 2018 Mar 21;55:121-127. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.02.005.

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29573622

USA / NY. Once It Was Overdue Books. Now Librarians Fight Overdoses.

(...) The opioid epidemic is reshaping life in America, including at the local public library, where librarians are considering whether to carry naloxone to battle overdoses. At a time when the public is debating arming teachers, it is another example of an unlikely group being enlisted to fight a national crisis. (New York Times, 28.02.2018)

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/28/nyregion/librarians-opioid-heroin-overdoses.html

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants — United States, 2015–2016.

Seth P, Scholl L, Rudd RA, Bacon S.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:349–358. DOI: doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6712a1

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6712a1.htm?s_cid=mm6712a1_w

Synthetic cathinones related fatalities: an update.

Zaami S, Giorgetti R, Pichini S, Pantano F, Marinelli E, Busardò FP.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2018 Jan;22(1):268-274. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_201801_14129.

http://www.europeanreview.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/268-274-Synthetic-cathinones-related-fatalities-an-update.pdf

Drug-related deaths in Scotland 1979-2013: evidence of a vulnerable cohort of young men living in deprived areas.

Parkinson J, Minton J, Lewsey J, Bouttell J, McCartney G.

BMC Public Health. 2018 Mar 27;18(1):357. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5267-2.

https://link.springer.com/epdf/10.1186/s12889-018-5267-2