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Bundeslagebild Rauschgiftkriminalität 2021

(…) Die häufigsten Todesursachen waren der Konsum von Heroin und Opiat-Substitutionsmittel alleine oder in Verbindung mit anderen Stoffen. Die deutlichsten Anstiege betrafen monovalente Vergiftungen durch Opiat-Substitutionsmitteln (+167 %) sowie monovalente Vergiftungen durch Amphetamin (+149 %) oder Amphetaminderivate (+117 %). (Bundeskriminalamt (BKA), 10.11.2022)

file:///Users/hans/Downloads/2021RauschgiftBundeslagebild.pdf

A death by any other name: substance-induced or substance-related mortality

Hjorthøj, Carsten et al.

The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 0, Issue 0 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(22)00370-4/fulltext

USA. Continuing Crisis - Drug Overdose Deaths in New York

Report prepared by the Office of Budget Policy and Analysis, November 2022

https://www.osc.state.ny.us/reports/continuing-crisis-drug-overdose-deaths-new-york

Modeling the cost and impact of injectable opioid agonist therapy on overdose and overdose deaths. 

Tse WC, Scott N, Dietze P, Nielsen S. 

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2022 Dec;143:108871. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2022.108871. Epub 2022 Sep 9. PMID: 36182753.

https://www.journalofsubstanceabusetreatment.com/article/S0740-5472(22)00153-2/fulltext

Prescribing Characteristics Associated With Opioid Overdose Following Buprenorphine Taper. 

Bozinoff N, Men S, Kurdyak P, Selby P, Gomes T. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(9):e2234168. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.34168

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2796830

Effectiveness of Opioid Tapering or Abrupt Discontinuation vs No Dosage Change for Opioid Overdose or Suicide for Patients Receiving Stable Long-term Opioid Therapy. 

Larochelle MR, Lodi S, Yan S, Clothier BA, Goldsmith ES, Bohnert ASB. Comparative 

JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2226523. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.26523

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2795159

Notes from the Field: Antihistamine Positivity and Involvement in Drug Overdose Deaths — 44 Jurisdictions, United States, 2019–2020. 

Dinwiddie AT, Tanz LJ, Bitting J. 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022;71:1308–1310. doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7141a4

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7141a4.htm

Out-of-hospital management of unresponsive, apneic, witnessed opioid overdoses: a case series from a supervised consumption site. 

Rowe, A., Chang, A., Lostchuck, E. et al. 

Can J Emerg Med 24, 650–658 (2022). doi.org/10.1007/s43678-022-00326-9

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s43678-022-00326-9

Alprazolam-related deaths in Scotland, 2004-2020. 

Corkery JM, Guirguis A, Chiappini S, Martinotti G, Schifano F. 

J Psychopharmacol. 2022 Sep;36(9):1020-1035. doi: 10.1177/02698811221104065. Epub 2022 Aug 1. PMID: 35912873; PMCID: PMC9516611.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9516611/

Causes of mortality among female sex workers: Results of a multi-country study

Willis, Brian et al.

eClinicalMedicine, Volume 0, Issue 0, 101658 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/eclinm/article/PIIS2589-5370(22)00388-1/fulltext

Drug use behaviors, trauma, and emotional affect following the overdose of a social network member: A qualitative investigation.

Macmadu A, Frueh L, Collins AB, Newman R, Barnett NP, Rich JD, Clark MA, Marshall BDL. 

Int J Drug Policy. 2022 Sep;107:103792. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2022.103792. Epub 2022 Jul 8. PMID: 35816791; PMCID: PMC9462427.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0955395922002080

Core competencies of peer workers who use pulse oximeters to supplement their overdose response in British Columbia. 

Mamdani Z, Feldman-Kiss D, McKenzie S, Knott M, Cameron F, Voyer R, et al. (2022) 

PLoS ONE 17(9): e0273744. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0273744

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0273744

Determining the feasibility for an overdose prevention line to support substance users who use alone. 

Ritchie K, Ghosh SM. 

Harm Reduct J. 2022 Aug 19;19(1):92. doi: 10.1186/s12954-022-00670-0. PMID: 35986328; PMCID: PMC9389809.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9389809/

Characteristics of non-fatal overdoses and associated risk factors in patients attending a specialist community-based substance misuse service. 

Ghose R, Cowden F, Veluchamy A, Smith BH, Colvin LA. 

Br J Pain. 2022 Aug;16(4):458-466. doi: 10.1177/20494637221095447. Epub 2022 May 24. PMID: 36032347; PMCID: PMC9411761.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9411761/

Notes From the Field: Overdose Deaths Involving Eutylone (Psychoactive Bath Salts) — United States, 2020. 

Gladden RM, Chavez-Gray V, O’Donnell J, Goldberger BA.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022;71:1032–1034. doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7132a3

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7132a3.htm

EMCDDA. Drug-related deaths and mortality

Drug-related mortality is a complex phenomenon, which accounts for a considerable percentage of deaths among young people in many European countries. The EMCDDA, in collaboration with national experts, has defined an epidemiological indicator with two components at present: deaths directly caused by illegal drugs (drug-induced deaths) and mortality rates among problem drug users. (EMCDDA, 2022)

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/topics/drug-related-deaths_en

EMCDDA. Opioid-related deaths: health and social responses

Introduction

This miniguide is one of a larger set, which together comprise Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide. It provides an overview of the most important aspects to consider when planning or delivering health and social responses to opioid-related deaths, and reviews the availability and effectiveness of the responses. It also considers implications for policy and practice. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, last update: 17 December 2021)

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/topics/naloxone_en

Global Overdose Snapshot 

Penington Institute’s inaugural Global Overdose Snapshot presents an overview of the international drug overdose crisis, highlighting a significant increase in overdose deaths over the last two decades across ever corner of the world. (Penington Institute, Australien, August 2022)

https://www.penington.org.au/overdose/overdose-projects-campaigns/global-overdose-snapshot/

Premature mortality in people affected by co-occurring homelessness, justice involvement, opioid dependence, and psychosis: a retrospective cohort study using linked administrative data

Tweed, Emily J et al.

The Lancet Public Health, Volume 7, Issue 9, e733 - e743 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(22)00159-1/fulltext

Europa. International Overdose Awareness Day: EMCDDA answers key questions on drug-related deaths 

How many people die every year in Europe from a drug-related death? Are women and men affected equally? What substances are involved in these fatalities? These are some of the questions answered in the EMCDDA’s ‘Frequently asked questions (FAQs): drug overdose deaths in Europe’, updated today to mark International Overdose Awareness Day. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, 31.08.2022)

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/news/2022/international-overdose-awareness-day-emcdda-answers-key-questions-drug-related-deaths_en

Australien. US-level mortality? Sounding the alarm about fentanyl overdose in Australia

Deaths from the powerful opioid, along with pethidine and tramadol, are up a staggering 1,275% since 2006. A new report warns without ‘decisive action’ a crisis looms. (Guardian, UK, 02.09.2022)

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2022/sep/03/us-level-mortality-sounding-the-alarm-about-fentanyl-overdose-in-australia

Schweiz. Gefährliche Schmerzmittel 

In den USA sterben jährlich Zehntausende an einer Überdosis der Schmerzmittel – auch bei uns sind sie auf dem Vormarsch. (SRF – Schweizerischer Rundfunk, Schweiz, 21.07.2022)

https://www.srf.ch/news/schweiz/gefaehrliche-schmerzmittel-opioid-vergiftungen-nehmen-auch-in-der-schweiz-zu

Non-fatal overdose risk during and after opioid agonist treatment: A primary care cohort study with linked hospitalisation and mortality records. 

Domzaridou E, Carr MJ, Webb RT, Millar T, Ashcroft DM. 

Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2022 Aug 11;22:100489. doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100489. PMID: 36034051; PMCID: PMC9399254.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9399254/

What impact does opioid agonist treatment have on mortality at a population level? 

Matthew Hickman, Annick Borquez and Louisa Degenhardt on using linked government data to demonstrate that opioid agonist treatments for opioid dependence – such as methadone and buprenorphine – prevented drug-related deaths in New South Wales. (SSA – Society for the Study of Addiction, UK, 2022)

https://www.addiction-ssa.org/what-impact-does-opioid-agonist-treatment-have-on-mortality-at-a-population-level/

Kanada. Public Safety and Solicitor General: Ten thousand lives lost to illicit drugs since declaration of public health emergency

At least 1,095 British Columbians are believed to have been lost to the toxic drug supply between January and June 2022, according to preliminary data released by the BC Coroners Service.

https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2022PSSG0056-001250

Effect of a Peer-Led Behavioral Intervention for Emergency Department Patients at High Risk of Fatal Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 

Beaudoin FL, Jacka BP, Li Y, et al. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225582. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25582

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2794982

Development and Validation of Machine Models Using Natural Language Processing to Classify Substances Involved in Overdose Deaths. 

Goodman-Meza D, Shover CL, Medina JA, Tang AB, Shoptaw S, Bui AAT. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225593. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25593

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2794977

Briefing: Premature mortality in people affected by co-occurring homelessness, criminal justice involvement, opioid dependence, and psychosis

University of Glasgow, MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Juli 2022

https://www.gla.ac.uk/media/Media_863682_smxx.pdf

Enhancing research data infrastructure to address the opioid epidemic: the Opioid Overdose Network (O2-Net). 

Lenert LA, Zhu V, Jennings L, McCauley JL, Obeid JS, Ward R, Hassanpour S, Marsch LA, Hogarth M, Shipman P, Harris DR, Talbert JC. 

JAMIA Open. 2022 Jun 30;5(2):ooac055. doi: 10.1093/jamiaopen/ooac055. PMID: 35783072; PMCID: PMC9243402.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9243402/

U.S. Military veterans and the opioid overdose crisis: a review of risk factors and prevention efforts. 

Bennett AS, Guarino H, Britton PC, O'Brien-Mazza D, Cook SH, Taveras F, Cortez J, Elliott L.

Ann Med. 2022 Dec;54(1):1826-1838. doi: 10.1080/07853890.2022.2092896. PMID: 35792749; PMCID: PMC9262363.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9262363/