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Deutschland. Drogenbeauftragte: 1.398 Menschen 2019 an illegalen Drogen gestorben

Drogenbeauftragte Daniela Ludwig: „Diese Zahlen können wir nicht hinnehmen! Wir brauchen flächendeckende Substitutions- und Hilfsangebote – auch in der Coronakrise“. (drogenbeauftragte.de, 23.03.2020)

https://www.drogenbeauftragte.de/presse/pressekontakt-und-mitteilungen/2020/i-quartal/1398-menschen-an-illegalen-drogen-gestorben.html

Notes from the Field: Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths with Fentanyl or Fentanyl Analogs Detected — 28 States and the District of Columbia, July 2016–December 2018.

O’Donnell J, Gladden RM, Goldberger BA, Mattson CL, Kariisa M. 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:271–273. doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6910a4

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6910a4.htm

A New Generation of Drug Users in St. Petersburg, Russia? HIV, HCV, and Overdose Risks in a Mixed-Methods Pilot Study of Young Hard Drug Users.

Meylakhs P, Friedman SR, Meylakhs A, Mateu-Gelabert P, Ompad DC, Alieva A, Dmitrieva A.

AIDS Behav. 2019 Dec;23(12):3350-3365. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02489-6.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6788941/

Zahl der wegen Alkoholmissbrauchs behandelten Minderjährigen leicht gesunken

Wiesbaden – Die Zahl der wegen akuten Alkoholmissbrauchs in Krankenhäusern behandelten Kinder und Jugendliche ist leicht gesunken. Das teilte das Statistische Bundesamt heute in Wiesbaden mit. Demnach wurden 2017 rund 14.900 Minderjährige zwischen zehn und 17 Jahren wegen übermäßigen Alkoholkonsums stationär aufgenommen. Das waren 1,6 Prozent weniger als 2016. (aerzteblatt.de, 18.02.2020)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/109468/Zahl-der-wegen-Alkoholmissbrauchs-behandelten-Minderjaehrigen-leicht-gesunken

USA. 1 in 4 Opioid ODs Involves Kids and Teens

MONDAY, Feb. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than a quarter of all opioid overdoses in the United States involve teenagers, and a full fifth of those cases were likely suicide attempts, new research shows.

The findings follow an in-depth analysis of nearly 754,000 American opioid poisoning cases that occurred between 2005 and 2018. All had been reported to the U.S. National Poison Data System. And almost 208,000 of those cases involved children 18 years old or younger.

During the 13-year study period, the pediatric overdose landscape has taken a turn for the worse, said study author Dr. Megan Land, a pediatric critical care fellow at Emory University's School of Medicine in Atlanta. )(Health Day, USA, 17.02.2020)

https://consumer.healthday.com/bone-and-joint-information-4/opioids-990/1-in-4-opioid-ods-involves-kids-and-teens-754893.html

Do interruptions to the continuity of methadone maintenance treatment in specialist addiction settings increase the risk of drug-related poisoning deaths? A retrospective-cohort study.

Durand L, O'Driscoll D, Boland F, Keenan E, Ryan B, Barry J, Bennett K, Fahey T, Cousins G.

Addiction. 2020 Feb 7. doi: 10.1111/add.15004. 

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32034837

USA. The opioid crisis may be far worse than we thought: study

New research appearing in the journal Addiction shows that the number of deaths attributed to opioid-related overdoses could be 28 percent higher than reported due to incomplete death records. This discrepancy is more pronounced in several states, including Alabama, Mississippi, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, and Indiana, where the estimated number of deaths more than doubles—obscuring the scope of the opioid crisis and potentially affecting programs and funding intended to confront the epidemic. (University of Rochester Medical Center, USA, 27.02.2020)

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-02-opioid-crisis-worse-thought.html

USA. Teaching Children How to Reverse an Overdose

In rural Carter County, Tenn., health officials have embraced a strategy for stemming addiction: Teaching children as young as 6 how to administer Narcan, a nasal spray that can stop an opioid overdose from being fatal. (New York Times, 24.02.2020)

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/23/us/opioids-tennessee-narcan-training.html

Acute Care, Prescription Opioid Use, and Overdose Following Discontinuation of Long-Term Buprenorphine Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder.

Williams AR, Samples H, Crystal S, Olfson M.

Am J Psychiatry. 2020 Feb 1;177(2):117-124. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2019.19060612. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7002204/

Amphetamine and methamphetamine poisonings attended in hospital emergency departments: clinical features and the usefulness of laboratory confirmation.

Roset Ferrer C, Gomila Muñiz I, Elorza Guerrero MÁ, Puiguriguer Ferrando J, Leciñena Estean MÁ, Tuero León G, Sahuquillo Frías L, Ripoll Vera T, Socias Crespi L, Sanchís Cortés P, Barceló Martín B.

Emergencias. 2020 Feb;32(1):26-32. Spanish, English. 

http://emergencias.portalsemes.org/descargar/intoxicaciones-por-anfetamina-y-metanfetamina-atendidas-en-los-servicios-de-urgencias-caractersticas-clnicas-y-utilidad-de-la-confirmacin-analtica/

USA. San Francisco Heroin, Fentanyl Overdose Deaths Double in 2019: Report 

Deaths resulting from overdoses of Heroin, Fentanyl or combination of the two drugs more than doubled in 2019, the San Francisco Chronicle reported on Wednesday. (National Review, USA, 22.01.2020)

https://www.nationalreview.com/news/san-francisco-heroin-fentanyl-overdose-deaths-double-in-2019-report/

Trends in severe opioid-related poisonings and fatalities reported to the Paris poison control center - a 10-year retrospective observational study.

Caré W, Langrand J, Vodovar D, Deveaux M, Alvarez JC, Mégarbane B, Dorandeu F.

Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Jan 16. doi: 10.1111/fcp.12534. 

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31945200

Investigating opioid-related fatalities in southern Sweden: contact with care-providing authorities and comparison of substances.

Andersson L, Håkansson A, Krantz P, Johnson B.

Harm Reduct J. 2020 Jan 9;17(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s12954-019-0354-y.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6953255/

‘Deaths of Despair’ Aren’t Just a U.S. Problem

The U.K., too, is experiencing rising levels of death from addiction and other blights. Geography and gender are two dividing lines. (bloomberg.com, USA, 22.01.2020)

https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2020-01-22/-deaths-of-despair-is-a-u-k-problem-too

USA. Public Health:Life Expectancy Rose Slightly In 2018, As Drug Overdose Deaths Fell

For the first time since 2014, death rates in the U.S. declined and life expectancy showed a modest uptick, according to new data released in two reports Thursday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Life expectancy at birth in 2018 was 78.7 years, 0.1 year longer than the previous year. (NPR – National Public Radio, 30.01.2020)

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/01/30/801016600/life-expectancy-rose-slightly-in-2018-as-drug-overdose-deaths-fell

Estimating the impact of drug use on US mortality, 1999-2016.

Glei DA, Preston SH (2020) 

PLoS ONE 15(1): e0226732. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226732

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0226732

Kanada. Why Overdose Deaths Have Fallen Here—Despite More Overdoses

Roughly 66 times every single day in British Columbia, someone calls 911 for a suspected drug overdose.

And 66 times every day, an operator answers one of those calls, assesses the situation, and dispatches firefighters or paramedics (not police). (Filter, USA, 14.01.2020)

https://filtermag.org/overdose-harm-reduction-vancouver/

USA. Zahl der Toten durch E-Zigaretten in den USA auf 60 gestiegen

New York – Die Zahl der Toten nach dem Gebrauch von E-Zigaretten in den USA steigt weiter an. 60 Menschen seien bislang gestorben, teilte die US-Gesundheitsbehörde CDC heute mit. (aerzteblatt.de, 17.01.2020)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/108735/Zahl-der-Toten-durch-E-Zigaretten-in-den-USA-auf-60-gestiegen

Association Between Automotive Assembly Plant Closures and Opioid Overdose Mortality in the United States: A Difference-in-Differences Analysis.

Venkataramani AS, Bair EF, O’Brien RL, Tsai AC. 

JAMA Intern Med. Published online December 30, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5686

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2757788

Opioid-related deaths in Europe: Strategies for a comprehensive approach to address a major public health concern.

Alho H, Dematteis M, Lembo D, Maremmani I, Roncero C, Somaini L.

Int J Drug Policy. 2019 Dec 16;76:102616. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.102616.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955395919303305?via%3Dihub

USA. Regional trends in overdose deaths reveal multiple opioid epidemics, according to new study

The United States is suffering from several different simultaneous opioid epidemics, rather than just a single crisis, according to an academic study of deaths caused by drug overdoses. 

David Peters, an associate professor of sociology at Iowa State University, co-authored the study, which appeared in the academic journal Rural Sociology. Peters and his co-authors conducted a county-level analysis of death certificates from across the country that noted opioid overdoses as the cause of death. The study found regional differences in the kind of opioids that cause the most overdose deaths, and these differences should lead to policymakers considering varying strategies to address the epidemics, Peters said. (MedicalXpress, USA, 09.12.2019)

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-12-regional-trends-overdose-deaths-reveal.html

Prescription of benzodiazepines, z-drugs, and gabapentinoids and mortality risk in people receiving opioid agonist treatment: Observational study based on the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Office for National Statistics death records.

Macleod J, Steer C, Tilling K, Cornish R, Marsden J, Millar T, Strang J, Hickman M.

PLoS Med. 2019 Nov 26;16(11):e1002965. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002965. 

https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002965

The health threat of drugs of abuse adulteration by new psychoactive substances.

Minutillo A, Palmi I, Mastrobattista L.

Clin Ter. 2019 Nov-Dec;170(6):e425-e426. doi: 10.7417/CT.2019.2170.

http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/520/202

A deadly trend in fentanyl fatalities (England, 1998-2017).

Claridge H, Williams BD, Copeland CS.

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2019 Oct 29. doi: 10.1111/bcp.14135. 

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31663152

Increased liver stiffness is associated with mortality in HIV/HCV coinfected subjects: The French nationwide ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH cohort study.

Shili-Masmoudi S, Sogni P, de Ledinghen V, Esterle L, Valantin M-A, Poizot-Martin I, et al. (2019) 

PLoS ONE 14(1): e0211286. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211286

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211286

USA. Zahl der Toten durch E-Zigaretten in den USA steigt weiter

New York – Die Zahl der Toten nach dem Gebrauch von E-Zigaretten in den USA steigt wei­ter an. 47 Menschen seien bislang gestorben, teilte die US-Gesundheitsbehörde CDC gestern mit. (aerzteblatt.de, 22.11.2019)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/107628/Zahl-der-Toten-durch-E-Zigaretten-in-den-USA-steigt-weiter

Belgische Behörden melden ersten Todesfall nach E-Zigarettenkonsum

Brüssel – In Belgien ist der erste Todesfall im Zusammenhang mit dem Konsum von E-Zigaretten aufgetreten. Wie die Behörden gestern mitteilten, starb ein 18-jähriger Mann an den Folgen eines Atemstillstands, der auf die Inhalation schädlicher Substanzen in einer E-Zigarette zurückgeführt wird. (aerzteblatt.de, 15.11.2019)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/107437/Belgische-Behoerden-melden-ersten-Todesfall-nach-E-Zigarettenkonsum

Opioid-Krise senkt erstmals seit 1993 die Lebenserwartung in den USA

Washington – Wegen der wachsenden Zahl der Opfer von Opioid-Überdosen ist die Lebenserwartung in den USA erstmals seit den 1990er-Jahren gesunken. Wie die US-Gesundheitsbehörde CDC am Mittwoch mitteilte, sank die Lebenserwartung der US-Bürger seit 2014 um fast vier Monate. Damit sei zum ersten Mal seit 1993 ein Rückgang zu verzeichnen. Damals habe sich die durchschnittliche Lebenserwartung wegen des Aids-Ausbruchs reduziert. (aerzteblatt.de, 30.10.2019)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/107060/Opioid-Krise-senkt-erstmals-seit-1993-die-Lebenserwartung-in-den-USA

Bayern. Drogentote: Nürnberg ist bundesweit trauriger Spitzenreiter -- 23 Menschen starben 2019 bereits an einer Überdosis - Zahl erschreckend hoch 

NÜRNBERG - Trauriger Spitzenreiter bei Drogentoten: Die Zahl in Nürnberg ist auch in diesem Jahr wieder erschreckend hoch, die Öffentlichkeit bekommt davon aber kaum etwas mit. Denn die Polizei hält sich neuerdings bedeckt. (nordbayern.de, - 07.11.2019 

https://www.nordbayern.de/region/nuernberg/drogentote-nurnberg-ist-bundesweit-trauriger-spitzenreiter-1.9505137

Todesfälle im Zusammenhang mit E-Zigaretten in den USA steigen weiter

New York – Die Zahl der Toten nach dem Gebrauch von E-Zigaretten in den USA steigt weiter an. Neuen Angaben der US-Gesundheitsbehörde CDC zufolge starben bereits 39 Menschen. Die Opfer stammten demnach aus 24 US-Bundesstaaten. Auch die Zahl der Er­krankten nahm auf nun 2.051 bestätigte Fälle zu. Vor einer Woche hatte die CDC noch von 37 Toten und 1.888 Kranken berichtet. (aerzteblatt.de, 08.11.2019)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/107280/Todesfaelle-im-Zusammenhang-mit-E-Zigaretten-in-den-USA-steigen-weiter