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A Fatal Case of Opioid Intoxication After Raw Poppy Plant Ingestion. 

Bozan G, Ulukapi HB, Oncul U, Levent S, Dinleyici EC. 

Cureus. 2021 Feb 6;13(2):e13176. doi: 10.7759/cureus.13176. PMID: 33717721; PMCID: PMC7939539.


Death after emergency department visits for opioid overdose in British Columbia: a retrospective cohort analysis. 

Moe J, Chong M, Zhao B, Scheuermeyer FX, Purssell R, Slaunwhite A. 

CMAJ Open. 2021 Mar 17;9(1):E242-E251. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20200169. PMID: 33731425.


WHO. Community management of opioid overdose. 

World Health Organization. (‎2014)‎. apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/137462


Circumstances of overdose among suburban women who use opioids: Extending an urban analysis informed by drug, set, and setting. 

Lamonica AK, Boeri M, Turner J. 

Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Dec 26;90:103082. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.103082. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33373906.


Cannabis Use and Nonfatal Opioid Overdose among Patients Enrolled in Methadone Maintenance Treatment. 

Bryson WC, Morasco BJ, Cotton BP, Thielke SM. 

Subst Use Misuse. 2021;56(5):697-703. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2021.1892137. Epub 2021 Mar 22. PMID: 33749499.



Opioid use disorder and overdose among youth following an initial opioid prescription. 

Hadland, S. E., Bagley, S. M., Gai, M. J., Earlywine, J. J., Schoenberger, S. F., Morgan, J. R., and Barocas, J. A. (2021) 

Addiction, doi.org/10.1111/add.15487.


USA. CDC: Opioid Overdose.

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA, 2921


Periods of altered risk for non-fatal drug overdose: a self-controlled case series

Keen, Claire et al.

The Lancet Public Health, Volume 6, Issue 4, e249 - e259 


Impacts of overdose: Evaluating the effects of grief and loss from overdose on people who inject drugs and developing an intervention to address them

Helping people who inject drugs build resilience in their communities amidst ongoing grief and loss of people close to them.

MAp Centre for Urban Health Solutions, Kanada, 19.02.2021


Schottland. The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh publishes report on drug-related deaths in Scotland

The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (“the College”) has launched a new report on drug-related deaths in Scotland, based on the views of leading experts.

The report recognises that Scotland’s drug deaths crisis is complex, but says much more can be done to tackle the problem, including action on harm reduction and on the social determinants of drug use.

The College believes that bold policies, such as decriminalisation of the possession of drugs, safe drug consumption facilities, and rolling out a heroin assisted treatment programme in all major centres in Scotland should be considered to help reduce drug-related harms. (The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Schottland, 01.03.2021)


A large-scale retrospective study of opioid poisoning in New York State with implications for targeted interventions. 

Chen X, Hou W, Rashidian S, Wang Y, Zhao X, Leibowitz GS, Rosenthal RN, Saltz M, Saltz JH, Schoenfeld ER, Wang F. 

Sci Rep. 2021 Mar 4;11(1):5152. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-84148-2. PMID: 33664282; PMCID: PMC7933431.


USA. Opioid Deaths Spark Push to Ease Buprenorphine Rules 

With drug overdose deaths soaring during the pandemic to the highest levels ever recorded, a growing chorus of medical experts is calling on the federal government to deregulate the addiction treatment medication buprenorphine.

They argue that a requirement that doctors take an 8-hour course and submit to Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) oversight has stymied the drug’s availability. (Pew Trust, USA, 16.02.2021)


Comparison of Rates of Overdose and Hospitalization After Initiation of Medication for Opioid Use Disorder in the Inpatient vs Outpatient Setting. 

Morgan JR, Barocas JA, Murphy SM, Epstein RL, Stein MD, Schackman BR, Walley AY, Linas BP. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Dec 1;3(12):e2029676. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29676. PMID: 33320266; PMCID: PMC7739119.


Death due to consumption of ibogaine: case report. 

Aćimović T, Atanasijević T, Denić K, Lukić V, Popović V, Bogdanović M. 

Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2021 Jan 12. doi: 10.1007/s12024-020-00342-0. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33433774.



“Running myself ragged”: stressors faced by peer workers in overdose response settings.

Mamdani, Z., McKenzie, S., Pauly, B. et al. 

Harm Reduct J 18, 18 (2021). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00449-1


Trends and Geographic Patterns in Drug and Synthetic Opioid Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2019. 

Mattson CL, Tanz LJ, Quinn K, Kariisa M, Patel P, Davis NL. 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021;70:202–207. doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7006a4


Projected Estimates of Opioid Mortality After Community-Level Interventions. 

Linas BP, Savinkina A, Madushani RWMA, et al. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(2):e2037259. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.37259


Fatal poisoning among drug users in Denmark in 2017. 

Simonsen KW, Christoffersen DJ, Linnet K, Andersen CU. 

Dan Med J. 2020 Dec 22;68(1):A07200560. PMID: 33463508.


Increasing presence of xylazine in heroin and/or fentanyl deaths, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2010–2019

Johnson J, Pizzicato L, Johnson C, et al

Injury Prevention Published Online First: 03 February 2021. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2020-043968 


Why are drug-related deaths among women increasing in Scotland? A mixed-methods analysis of possible explanations,

Emily J. Tweed, Rebekah G. Miller, Joe Schofield, Lee Barnsdale & Catriona Matheson (2020) 

Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, DOI: 10.1080/09687637.2020.1856786


Causes, Nature and Toxicology of Fentanyl-Associated Deaths: A Systematic Review of Deaths Reported in Peer-Reviewed Literature. 

Cheema E, McGuinness K, Hadi MA, Paudyal V, Elnaem MH, Alhifany AA, Elrggal ME, Al Hamid A. 

J Pain Res. 2020 Dec 7;13:3281-3294. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S280462. PMID: 33324089; PMCID: PMC7732170.


Objective Structured Clinical Examination Skill Station Is Effective for Assessing Acute Opioid Overdose Resuscitation. 

Abrams MP, Klapheke M. 

Cureus. 2020 Nov 16;12(11):e11511. doi: 10.7759/cureus.11511. PMID: 33354455; PMCID: PMC7744215.


Increase in Fatal Drug Overdoses Across the United States Driven by Synthetic Opioids Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Distributed via the CDC Health Alert Network, CDCHAN-00438, 17.12.2020

USA. National Roadmap on State-Level Efforts to End the Nation’s Drug Overdose Epidemic

Leading-Edge Practices and Next Steps to Remove Barriers to Evidence-Based Patient Care. (AMA – American Medical Asociation, DECEMBER 2020)


Immer noch sterben viele Menschen an den Folgen opioidhaltiger Drogen

Berlin – 2019 verstarben 1.398 Menschen an den Folgen des Konsums illegaler Drogen. Für fast die Hälfte der Fälle sind Opioidvergiftungen ursächlich. Das gab heute die Deutsche Beobachtungsstelle für Drogen und Drogensucht (DBDD) in ihren jährlichen Bericht bekannt, der einen vollständigen Überblick über das Konsumverhalten in der Altersgruppe der 12-bis 64-Jährigen bietet. (aerzteblatt.de, 09.12.2020)


Polysubstance Involvement in Opioid Overdose Deaths in Adolescents and Young Adults, 1999-2018. 

Lim JK, Earlywine JJ, Bagley SM, Marshall BDL, Hadland SE. 

JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 23, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5035


Deaths of despair: cause-specific mortality and socioeconomic inequalities in cause-specific mortality among young men in Scotland. 

Allik, M., Brown, D., Dundas, R. et al.

Int J Equity Health 19, 215 (2020). doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01329-7


"It's an emotional roller coaster… But sometimes it's fucking awesome": Meaning and motivation of work for peers in overdose response environments in British Columbia. 

Pauly BB, Mamdani Z, Mesley L, McKenzie S, Cameron F, Edwards D, Howell A, Knott M, Scott T, Seguin R, Greer AM, Buxton JA. 

Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Nov 9;88:103015. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.103015. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33176249.


The Opioid-overdose Reduction Continuum of Care Approach (ORCCA): Evidence-based practices in the HEALing Communities Study. 

Winhusen T, Walley A, Fanucchi LC, Hunt T, Lyons M, Lofwall M, Brown JL, Freeman PR, Nunes E, Beers D, Saitz R, Stambaugh L, Oga EA, Herron N, Baker T, Cook CD, Roberts MF, Alford DP, Starrels JL, Chandler RK. 

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Oct 4;217:108325. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108325. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33091842; PMCID: PMC7533113.


Mitigation Strategies to Reduce Opioid-Related Morbidity and Mortality in the US. 

Ballreich J, Mansour O, Hu E, Chingcuanco F, Pollack HA, Dowdy DW, Alexander GC. Modeling 

JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Nov 2;3(11):e2023677. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23677. PMID: 33146732; PMCID: PMC7643029.