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Australien. People who are dependent on opioids have a 15-year gap in life expectancy 

The life expectancy of people in New South Wales (NSW) dependent on opioids is approximately 65, a deficit of about 15 years, finds a new report. (National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Australien, 22.09.2020)

https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/news/people-who-are-dependent-opioids-have-15-year-gap-life-expectancy

Life expectancy of people who are dependent on opioids: A cohort study in New South Wales, Australia. 

Lewer D, Jones NR, Hickman M, Nielsen S, Degenhardt L. 

J Psychiatr Res. 2020 Aug 23;130:435-440. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.08.013. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32905957.

Abstract

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022395620309249

Preventable injecting-related injuries and diseases reported by many people who inject drugs

In a new report by researchers at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC), UNSW Sydney, data from 897 face-to-face interviews with PWID from the 2019 Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) were analysed. (NDARC, Australien, 11.09.2020)

https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/news/preventable-injecting-related-injuries-and-diseases-reported-many-people-who-inject-drugs

Decreased Relative Cerebral Blood Flow in Unmedicated Heroin-Dependent Individuals. 

Yang W, Yang R, Tang F, et al. 

Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:643. Published 2020 Jul 14. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00643

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7372972/

Psychosis and Comorbid Opioid Use Disorder: Characteristics and Outcomes in Opioid Substitution Therapy. 

Lamont R, Rosic T, Sanger N, Samaan Z. 

Schizophr Bull Open. 2020;1(1):sgaa007. doi:10.1093/schizbullopen/sgaa007

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7418864/

Risk of New Bloodstream Infections and Mortality Among People Who Inject Drugs With Infective Endocarditis. 

Tan C, Shojaei E, Wiener J, Shah M, Koivu S, Silverman M. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012974. Published 2020 Aug 3. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12974

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7424403/

Is opium use associated with an increased risk of lung cancer? A case-control study. 

Naghibzadeh-Tahami A, Marzban M, Yazdi-Feyzabadi V, et al. 

BMC Cancer. 2020;20(1):807. Published 2020 Aug 26. doi:10.1186/s12885-020-07296-0

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7448970/

Surveying the Effect of Opioid Abuse on the Extent of Coronary Artery Diseases in Diabetic Patients. 

Moezi Bady SA, Soltani M, Kazemi T, et al. 

J Addict. 2020;2020:8619805. Published 2020 Jul 19. doi:10.1155/2020/8619805

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7387960/

Prevalence and recurrence of bacteraemia in hospitalised people who inject drugs - a single Centre retrospective cohort study in Denmark. 

Thønnings S, Jansåker F, Sundqvist C, Thudium RF, Nielsen SD, Knudsen JD. 

BMC Infect Dis. 2020;20(1):634. Published 2020 Aug 26. doi:10.1186/s12879-020-05357-0

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7448349/

High prevalence of injection drug use and blood-borne viral infections among patients in an urban emergency department.

Anderson ES, Russell C, Basham K, Montgomery M, Lozier H, Crocker A, et al. (2020) 

PLoS ONE 15(6): e0233927. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233927

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233927

Alcohol use disorder and the liver. Buchanan, R., and Sinclair, J. M. A. (2020) 

Addiction, doi.org/10.1111/add.15204

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/add.15204

Validation and psychometric properties of the community assessment inventory in Iranian persons who use drug. 

Salari N, Jalali A, Abdam B, Abdi A, Daryoushi H. 

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2020;15(1):46. Published 2020 Jul 18. doi:10.1186/s13011-020-00290-6

Validation and psychometric properties of the community assessment inventory in Iranian persons who use drug. 

A Preliminary Report on the Largest Ongoing Outbreak of Lead Toxicity in Iran. 

Zamani N, Mehrpour O, Hassanian-Moghaddam H, et al. 

Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):11797. Published 2020 Jul 16. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-64859-8

A Preliminary Report on the Largest Ongoing Outbreak of Lead Toxicity in Iran. 

Associations of substance use, psychosis, and mortality among people living in precarious housing or homelessness: A longitudinal, community-based study in Vancouver, Canada.

Jones AA, Gicas KM, Seyedin S, Willi TS, Leonova O, Vila-Rodriguez F, et al. (2020)

PLoS Med 17(7): e1003172. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003172

Associations of substance use, psychosis, and mortality among people living in precarious housing or homelessness: A longitudinal, community-based study in Vancouver, Canada.

Cocaine added to heroin fails to affect heroin-induced brain hypoxia 

Thomas SA, Perekopskiy D, Kiyatkin EA. 

[published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 6]. Brain Res. 2020;1746:147008. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2020.147008

Abstract

Cocaine added to heroin fails to affect heroin-induced brain hypoxia 

Association of Opioid Use With Cardiometabolic Disease Risk Factors: Evidence From the 2009-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. 

Shah K, Joshi VV, Arinze NC, et al. 

Cureus. 2020;12(6):e8719. Published 2020 Jun 20. doi:10.7759/cureus.8719

Association of Opioid Use With Cardiometabolic Disease Risk Factors: Evidence From the 2009-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. 

Australian treatment outcome study: protocol for the 18-20-year follow-up of a prospective longitudinal cohort examining the natural history of heroin dependence and associated mortality, psychiatric and physical health, and health service use. 

Marel C, Mills K, Visontay R, et al. 

BMJ Open. 2020;10(7):e039226. Published 2020 Jul 12. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039226

Australian treatment outcome study: protocol for the 18-20-year follow-up of a prospective longitudinal cohort examining the natural history of heroin dependence and associated mortality, psychiatric and physical health, and health service use. 

 

Notes from the Field: Emergency Visits for Complications of Injecting Transmucosal Buprenorphine Products — United States, 2016–2018. 

Tanwar S, Geller AI, Lovegrove MC, Budnitz DS. 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1102–1103. doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6932a5

Notes from the Field: Emergency Visits for Complications of Injecting Transmucosal Buprenorphine Products — United States, 2016–2018. 

THYROID ABSCESS AFTER INJECTION OF HEROIN INTO THE NECK COMPLICATED BY THYROID STORM. 

Mathai C, Coppola A, Vaz CL. 

AACE Clin Case Rep. 2020;6(4):e183-e188. Published 2020 Apr 3. doi:10.4158/ACCR-2020-0031

THYROID ABSCESS AFTER INJECTION OF HEROIN INTO THE NECK COMPLICATED BY THYROID STORM. 

Associations of substance use, psychosis, and mortality among people living in precarious housing or homelessness: A longitudinal, community-based study in Vancouver, Canada.

Jones AA, Gicas KM, Seyedin S, Willi TS, Leonova O, Vila-Rodriguez F, et al. (2020) PLoS Med 17(7): e1003172., doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003172

Associations of substance use, psychosis, and mortality among people living in precarious housing or homelessness: A longitudinal, community-based study in Vancouver, Canada.

 

A cohort study evaluating the association between concurrent mental disorders, mortality, morbidity, and continuous treatment retention for patients in opioid agonist treatment (OAT) across Ontario, Canada, using administrative health data. 

Morin, K.A., Eibl, J.K., Gauthier, G. et al. 

Harm Reduct J 17, 51 (2020). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00396-x

A cohort study evaluating the association between concurrent mental disorders, mortality, morbidity, and continuous treatment retention for patients in opioid agonist treatment (OAT) across Ontario, Canada, using administrative health data.

High prevalence of injection drug use and blood-borne viral infections among patients in an urban emergency department. 

Anderson ES, Russell C, Basham K, Montgomery M, Lozier H, Crocker A, et al. (2020) 

PLoS ONE 15(6): e0233927. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233927

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233927

Competing forces of withdrawal and disease avoidance in the risk networks of people who inject drugs. 

Ready E, Habecker P, Abadie R, Khan B, Dombrowski K (2020) 

PLoS ONE 15(6): e0235124. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0235124

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235124

Spontaneous Recurrent Pneumoperitoneum due to Opioid-Induced Constipation: A Case Report. 

Kaushal V, Amoozgar B, Garala P, Bayanzay K, Sen S. 

Cureus. 2020;12(5):e8205. Published 2020 May 20. doi:10.7759/cureus.8205

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303506/

Toxicological analysis of serious drug-related harm among electronic dance music festival attendees in New South Wales, Australia: A consecutive case series 

Black E, Govindasamy L, Auld R, et al. 

[published online ahead of print, 2020 May 28]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020;213:108070. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108070

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32554172/

Heroin-induced headache in female heroin addicts. 

Li L, Yu S. 

J Int Med Res. 2020;48(6):300060520925353. doi:10.1177/0300060520925353

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0300060520925353

When is an abscess more than an abscess? Syringe services programs and the harm reduction safety-net: a case report.

Castillo, M., Ginoza, M.E.C., Bartholomew, T.S. et al. 

Harm Reduct J 17, 34 (2020). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00381-4

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-020-00381-4

Risk factors of infective endocarditis in persons who inject drugs.

Shah, M., Wong, R., Ball, L. et al. 

Harm Reduct J 17, 35 (2020). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00378-z

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-020-00378-z

Abdominal pain related to adulterated opium: An emerging issue in drug addicts. 

Vahabzadeh M, Mégarbane B. 

World J Psychiatry. 2020;10(5):95‐100. Published 2020 May 19. doi:10.5498/wjp.v10.i5.95

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243618/

Lead poisoning; a neglected potential diagnosis in abdominal pain. 

Shabani M, Hadeiy SK, Parhizgar P, et al. 

BMC Gastroenterol. 2020;20(1):134. Published 2020 May 6. doi:10.1186/s12876-020-01284-1

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201765/