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Russia's 'War Against Evidence-Based Medicine' in Ukraine

MONTREAL — Russia's war against Ukraine includes a "hidden war against evidence-based medicine" that poses a number of threats on the "health battlefield," said Andriy Klepikov, executive director of the Alliance for Public Health, one of the largest HIV- and TB-focused nongovermental organizations in Ukraine and nearby areas. More so than for HIV or TB treatments, opioid-agonist treatments are most likely to be affected by war-related interruptions, which may have a cascade of consequences for patients with HIV and TB. (Medscape, Medscape, 03.08.2022)

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/978509

Gesundheitliche Lage in der Ukraine vor Kriegsbeginn und ihre Relevanz für die Versorgung ukrainischer Geflüchteter in Deutschland: Literaturdurchsicht, Risikoanalyse und Prioritätensetzung [Health Situation in Ukraine Before Onset of War and Its Relevance for Health Care for Ukrainian Refugees in Germany: Literature Review, Risk Analysis, and Priority Setting]. 

Butenop J, Brake T, Mauder S, Razum O. 

Gesundheitswesen. 2022 Jul 15. German. doi: 10.1055/a-1876-2423. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35839784.

Abstract

https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/abstract/10.1055/a-1876-2423

Double trouble: COVID-19 vaccine misinformation amidst conflict in Ukraine. 

Zoaib Habib T, Ennab F, Matiashova L, Nawaz FA, Volkova A, Trill V, Essar MY. 

Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Aug;80:104127. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2022.104127. Epub 2022 Jul 9. PMID: 35845861; PMCID: PMC9270185.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9270185/

Developing a Culturally Relevant Measure of Resilience for War-Affected Adolescents in Eastern Ukraine. 

Bogdanov S, Girnyk A, Chernobrovkina V, Chernobrovkin V, Vinogradov O, Garbar K, Kovalevskaya Y, Basenko O, Ivanyuk I, Hook K, Wessells M. 

J Educ Emerg. 2021 Dec;7(2):311-334. doi: 10.33682/wxrd-x8fq. PMID: 35813349; PMCID: PMC9269487.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9269487/

The perception of health care quality by primary health care managers in Ukraine. 

Anufriyeva V, Pavlova M, Stepurko T, Groot W. 

BMC Health Serv Res. 2022 Jul 10;22(1):895. doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-08300-y. PMID: 35810293; PMCID: PMC9271244.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9271244/

A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research on Substance Use among Refugees, 

Saleh, E. A., Lazaridou, F. B., Klapprott, F., Wazaify, M., Heinz, A., and Kluge, U. (2022) 

Addiction. doi.org/10.1111/add.16021

Abstract

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/add.16021

EMCDDA. European Web Survey on Drugs 2021: Emerging findings in Ukraine

The European Web Survey on Drugs1 collected data during March and May 2021 from people who use drugs, are aged 18 or older, and live in the 21 EU and 9 non-EU countries including Ukraine. In this period, the populations in many European and neighbouring countries were experiencing COVID-19-related lockdown or restrictions. Unless otherwise indicated, the data presented here refer to 866 respondents who reported having used at least one illicit drug in the 12 months prior to the survey (last 12 months of use) and live in Ukraine. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, August 2022)

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/data-fact-sheets/european-web-survey-drugs-2021-emerging-findings-ukraine_en

Russia's War in Ukraine - The Devastation of Health and Human Rights. 

Levy BS, Leaning J. 

N Engl J Med. 2022 Jul 14;387(2):102-105. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2207415. Epub 2022 Jun 29. PMID: 35767514.

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2207415

Gesundheitsscreening für 2.500 ukrainische Geflüchtete

Wegen des Krieges in der Ukraine sind viele Menschen gezwungen, aus ihrer Heimat zu fliehen. Die Unterbringung in Massenunterkünften und unvollständige Durchimpfung der ukrainischen Bevölkerung führen zu einem erhöhten Infektionsrisiko für die Geflohenen. Kinder und Jugendliche sind besonders gefährdet. Den Gesundheits- und Impfstatus der Geflüchteten zu ermitteln und gegebenenfalls Impf- und Behandlungsangebote zu machen ist Ziel des Projekts NUMKRAINE. 2.500 geflüchtete Kinder und Erwachsene sollen ein strukturiertes Screeningprogramm durchlaufen. (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 25.07.2022)

https://idw-online.de/de/news798935

Trendspotter manual: a handbook for the rapid assessment of emerging drug-related trends

EMCDDA (2018), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/manuals/trendspotter-manual_en

Manual for facilitators: Gender-sensitive refugee response programmes – Capacity development training for civil society organizations

Kilinc, F. R., Perez del Pulgar, M. and Koyuncu, Z. A. (2022), 

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), New York

https://eca.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/publications/2022/03/manual-for-facilitators-gender-sensitive-refugee-response-programmes-capacity-development-training-for-civil-society-organizations

Report on the 2020 Integrated Biobehavioural Survey among people who inject drugs

Titar, I., Salnikov, S., Ohorodnik, S., Nesterova, O., Popova, K., Andrianova, I., Sheiko, O. and Sichkar, S. (2021)

Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv

https://www.phc.org.ua/sites/default/files/users/user90/Results%20of%20IBBS_PWID%202020_eng_online.pdf

Addressing vaccine inequities among Ukrainian refugees. 

Hill M, Vanderslott S, Volokha A, Pollard AJ. 

Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Jul;22(7):935-936. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(22)00366-8. PMID: 35752178; PMCID: PMC9221088.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9221088/

War Psychiatry: Identifying and Managing the Neuropsychiatric Consequences of Armed Conflicts. 

Jain N, Prasad S, Czárth ZC, Chodnekar SY, Mohan S, Savchenko E, Panag DS, Tanasov A, Betka MM, Platos E, Świątek D, Krygowska AM, Rozani S, Srivastava M, Evangelou K, Gristina KL, Bordeniuc A, Akbari AR, Jain S, Kostiks A, Reinis A. 

J Prim Care Community Health. 2022 Jan-Dec;13:21501319221106625. doi: 10.1177/21501319221106625. PMID: 35726205; PMCID: PMC9218442.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9218442/

Process evaluations of mental health and psychosocial support interventions for populations affected by humanitarian crises. 

Massazza A, May CR, Roberts B, Tol WA, Bogdanov S, Nadkarni A, Fuhr DC. 

Soc Sci Med. 2022 Jun;303:114994. edoi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.114994. Epub 2022 Apr 29. PMID: 35561423.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953622003008

Lessons from the field: Recommendations for gender-based violence prevention and treatment for displaced women in conflict-affected Ukraine. 

Capasso A, Skipalska H, Nadal J, Zamostian P, Kompaniiets O, Navario P, Castillo TP. 

Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2022 May 7;17:100408. doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100408. PMID: 35721697; PMCID: PMC9198962.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9198962/

With focus on refugees, no end in sight for Ukraine's internally displaced

‘It’s very hard living one day to the next. It’s hard to plan for the future.’ (The New Humanitarian, Genf, 30.06.2022)

https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news-feature/2022/06/30/Ukraine-refugee-displacement-IDP-aid

Infectious diseases amidst a humanitarian crisis in Ukraine: A rising concern. 

Essar MY, Matiashova L, Tsagkaris C, Vladychuk V, Head M. 

Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Jun 3;78:103950. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103950. PMID: 35693102; PMCID: PMC9172576.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9172576/

Європейський моніторинговий центр з наркотиків та наркотичної залежності, 2019

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (2019), European Prevention Curriculum: a handbook for decision-makers, opinion-makers and policy-makers in science-based prevention of substance use, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/publications/11733/EUPC_Handbook_UKR_FINAL.pdf

Launch of the European Prevention Curriculum handbook in Ukrainian 

A Ukrainian version of the European Prevention Curriculum (EUPC) handbook, adapted for the local context, has been launched today in Kyiv at an event organised by the non-governmental organisation, Geopolitical Alliance of Women, at Ukrinform, the Ukrainian national news company. The event was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education and Science, and by health and prevention professionals who were involved in, or supported, the adaptation of the handbook. Participants reflected on the value of the EUPC handbook for Ukraine and exchanged ideas on how it could be used by specialists and stakeholders in their activities. The EUPC is designed to train professionals involved in shaping prevention decisions and policies in Europe in the science-based prevention of substance use. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, 01.07.2022)

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/news/2022/launch-european-prevention-curriculum-handbook-ukrainian_en

Examining the pre-war health burden of Ukraine for prioritisation by European countries receiving Ukrainian refugees. 

Marchese V, Formenti B, Cocco N, Russo G, Testa J, Castelli F, Mazzetti M. 

Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2022 Mar 18;15:100369. doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100369. PMID: 35531492; PMCID: PMC9072998.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9072998/

Public health considerations over HIV amidst war and COVID-19 in Ukraine: Harnessing contemporary history to address the syndemic. 

Tsagkaris C, Matiashova L, Vladychuk V, Moysidis DV, Papadakis M, Trompoukis C. 

Ethics Med Public Health. 2022 Jun;22:100795. doi: 10.1016/j.jemep.2022.100795. Epub 2022 Apr 25. PMID: 35498441; PMCID: PMC9035367.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9035367/

Covid-19 and Ukrainian Crisis Exponentiates the Need for the Inclusion of Conflict and Disaster Medicine in Medical Curriculum. 

Jain N, Prasad S, Bordeniuc A, Tanasov A, Cheuk CP, Panag DS, S Wia Tek D, Platos E, Betka MM, Senica SO, Patel S, Czárth ZC, Jain S, Reinis A. 

J Med Educ Curric Dev. 2022 Apr 26;9:23821205221096347. doi: 10.1177/23821205221096347. PMID: 35493964; PMCID: PMC9052223.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9052223/

Mental Health and Substance Use Among Ukrainian "Help Profession" Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic. 

Pavlenko V, Kurapov A, Drozdov A, Korchakova N, Reznik A, Isralowitz R. 

Int J Ment Health Addict. 2022 May 3:1-4. doi: 10.1007/s11469-022-00831-z. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35531309; PMCID: PMC9063613.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9063613/

Emergency in Ukraine: external situation report #12, published 19 May 2022: reporting period: 12–18 May 2022

Weekly updates on the current situation in Ukraine and refugee-receiving countries, priority public health concerns and WHO’s actions to rapidly respond to the health emergency triggered by the conflict and to minimize disruptions to the delivery of critical health services. (WHO, Genf, 19.05.2022)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-EURO-2022-5152-44915-64693

In Ukraine, Gruesome Injuries and Not Enough Doctors to Treat Them

Operating with skeleton crews, doctors and nurses race to save limbs, and lives. It’s a grim routine for medical personnel often working around the clock. And not all limbs can be saved. (New York Times, USA, 18.05.2022)

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/05/18/world/europe/ukraine-russia-war-doctors.html

Emergency in Ukraine: external situation report #11, published 12 May 2022: reporting period: 5–11 May 2022

Weekly updates on the current situation in Ukraine and refugee-receiving countries, priority public health concerns and WHO’s actions to rapidly respond to the health emergency triggered by the conflict and to minimize disruptions to the delivery of critical health services. (WHO, Genf)

https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-EURO-2022-5152-44915-64596

UNODC. CONFLICT IN UKRAINE: KEY EVIDENCE ON DRUG DEMAND AND SUPPLY

UNODC Research, April 2022

https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Ukraine/Ukraine_drug_demand_supply.pdf

War on Ukraine: Impact on Ukrainian Medical Students. 

Srichawla BS, Khazeei Tabari MA, Găman MA, Munoz-Valencia A, Bonilla-Escobar FJ. 

Int J Med Stud. 2022 Jan-Mar;10(1):15-17. doi: 10.5195/ijms.2022.1468. Epub 2022 Apr 5. PMID: 35433038; PMCID: PMC9012242.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9012242/

Impact of war on the dynamics of COVID-19 in Ukraine. 

Chumachenko D, Chumachenko T. 

BMJ Glob Health. 2022 Apr;7(4):e009173. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2022-009173. PMID: 35428677; PMCID: PMC9013784.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9013784/