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Kolumbien. Colombia, UNODC Sign 'Historic' Agreement on Coca Policy

Colombia and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) signed an agreement to cooperate on the Andean nation's coca reduction strategy. But the plan's success will likely depend on the Colombian government's uncertain ability to provide a promised investment of hundreds of millions of dollars over the next few years. (Insight Crime, USA, 03.11.2017)


The Gendered Impacts of the War on Drugs (Video)

How does the war on drugs affect women? Is it really so different from how it affects men? Our knowledge was very limited before we interviewed the participants of an international workshop in Budapest. (Drug Reporter, 17.09.2017, Video, 13:38)


Indonesien. Indonesia's Drug Czar is Threatening a Duterte-Style War on Drug Dealers

The head of Indonesia’s National Narcotics Agency (BNN) said Thursday that police should be prepared to shoot suspected drug dealers on the spot. His comments are the latest indication that senior officials in the country favor the sort of extrajudicial approach to suppressing the drug trade underway in the Philippines. (TIME, 20.10.2017)


Afghanistan. Afghan Opium Production Reaches Record High

Afghanistan, the world’s largest producer of opium, has harvested a record crop this year that more than doubled last year’s production, a bad omen for fighting terrorism and organized crime, officials say.

Salamt Azimi, the country’s minister for counter-narcotics, told VOA's Pashto service that insecurity kept the government from implementing poppy eradication programs, leading to a 64 percent jump in land dedicated to the lucrative crop to 340,000 hectares. (Voice of America, 24.10.2017)


Afghan Taliban Awash in Heroin Cash, a Troubling Turn for War

KABUL, Afghanistan — The labs themselves are simple, tucked into nondescript huts or caves: a couple-dozen empty barrels for mixing, sacks or gallon jugs of precursor chemicals, piles of firewood, a press machine, a generator and a water pump with a long hose to draw from a nearby well.

They are heroin refining operations, and the Afghan police and American Special Forces keep running into them all over Afghanistan this year. Officials and diplomats are increasingly worried that the labs’ proliferation is one of the most troubling turns yet in the long struggle to end the Taliban insurgency. (New York Times, 29.10.2017)


Philippinen. Philippines: Police Deceit in ‘Drug War’ Killings - Duterte, Senior Officials Behind Evident Crimes against Humanity

(Manila) – Philippine police are falsifying evidence to justify unlawful killings in a “war on drugs” that has caused more than 7,000 deaths, Human Rights Watch said today in a new report. President Rodrigo Duterte and other senior officials have instigated and incited killings of mostly urban poor in a campaign that could amount to crimes against humanity. (HRW – Human Rights Watch, 02.03.2017)


(...) Until recently the Cauca mountains and the surrounding plains, like many rural areas in Colombia, used to be dominated by the country's biggest guerrilla group the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

But in August, the group gave up the last of its arms as part of a peace accord, signed last year with the Colombian government, ending a war that lasted more than five decades.

While the war with FARC is over, the group's transition to a peaceful political entity has left a power vacuum in much of Colombia's countryside that the government is struggling to fill. (Al Jazeera, 24.10.2017)


Iran’s police force has seized more than 400 tons of illegal drugs since March.

The United Nations says Iran's security forces are making three-quarters of the world’s opium seizures and a quarter of global heroin seizures.

But people there are still able to feed their addiction. (Al Jazeera, 23.10.2017, Video, 02:59)


Drug addiction in Afghanistan, once mostly limited to men who spent years as laborers or war refugees in Iran, has exploded into a nationwide scourge that affects millions of people, including a growing number of women and children. (Washington Post, 19.06.2017)


The US ambassador to Colombia publicly aired his country's main grievances with regard to Colombia's peace agreement with the FARC guerrilla group, adding to growing pressure from the United States over the historic deal.

"The FARC have not complied, in my opinion, with their obligations under the agreement," US Ambassador to Colombia Kevin Whitaker said during a recent interview with El Tiempo.

Echoing earlier comments by other US officials, Whitaker argued that the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – FARC) continue to encourage coca cultivation in certain areas of the country, and said that the demobilized rebel group should not be involved in government efforts to implement crop substitution programs for coca farmers. (InSight Crime, USA, 27.09.2017)


MANILA. Philippine Foreign Affairs Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano and U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson have met in Washington to discuss Manila's anti-drug war, a statement issued by the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) said here Thursday.

During the meeting at the State Department in Washington D.C. on Wednesday, the statement said the Philippines does not allow extrajudicial killings.

"Contrary to media reports, Cayetano also clarified to Tillerson that the Philippines does not have a state policy allowing extrajudicial killings, especially of illegal drug suspects," the statement read. (xinhuanet, China, 28.09.2017)


Byron Allatog, 39, refuses to enforce controversial President's order to kill suspected narcotics traffickers on island of Cebu. (The Independent, UK, 09.10.2017)


Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has demoted the country's police from leading his drugs war, amid growing criticism of the bloody crackdown. (BBC, 12.10.2017)


MANILA. A group of Philippine lawyers on Wednesday filed an injunction with the Supreme Court to try to stop President Rodrigo Duterte’s bloody war on drugs, calling it as an illegal campaign that lets police kill and circumvent legal procedures. (Reuters, 11.10.2017)


With the spotlight on President Duterte's war on drugs, what happens to those who escape the police shootouts?

We go inside the massive rehabilitation centre in Nueva Ecija to find out how drug rehabilitation works in the Philippines. (BBC, 13.01.2017, Video, 06:59)


Researchers at Florida International University's International Forensic Research Institute (IFRI) have zeroed in on a unique component of heroin that could pinpoint where it was grown, giving authorities a new tool to potentially disrupt the nation's opioid crisis.

(...) Researchers needed to find something unique in the heroin itself that could not be masked or eliminated in order to determine its point of origin – something the typical manufacturer wouldn't know to look for or care to mask. They zeroed in on the ratio of radiogenic strontium isotopes, which are naturally occurring in bedrock. Strontium isotopes can be found in different ratios among geographic regions depending upon the nature of geologic formation.

Using heroin samples of known geographic origin provided to them by the DEA, researchers were able to measure ratios of strontium isotopes in samples known to come from the four distinct regions. (phys.org, 28.09.2017)


Colombian officials and coca growers reached an agreement on Wednesday to temporarily halt the forced eradication of coca, the base ingredient of cocaine, in the northwest of the country. (Colombia Reports, 22.09.2017)


The tough stance taken by the government against drug dealers has taken a deadly turn that has seen a significant rise in the number of victims being shot dead by law enforcement personnel, Amnesty International Indonesia has said. (The Jakarta Post, 19.09.2017)


(...) “Colombia has paid a very high price, perhaps the highest of any nation and what is being seen is that the remedy has been worse than the disease,” said Santos to the delegates from all around the globe. (colombiareports.com, 19.09.2017)


Offiziell haben die Paramilitärs bereits vor zehn Jahren unter dem damaligen kolumbianischen Präsidenten Alvaro Uribe die Waffen niedergelegt. In Wirklichkeit aber wurden in den 52 Jahren des Bürgerkriegs aus den ursprünglich gegen die linken FARC-Rebellen kämpfenden rechten Gruppen der Paramilitärs heute kriminelle Organisationen, die ihr Geld mit Drogenhandel verdienen. (arte, Reportage, 21.04.2017, online bis 19.03.2020, Video, 24:29)


Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has said he will have his son killed if drug trafficking allegations against the younger politician are true, and that the police who carry out the hit will be protected from prosecution. (The Telegraph, UK, 21.09.2017)


The Commission of Human Rights has condemned thousands of police killings and has been criticised strongly by President Rodrigo Duterte. (The Guardian, UK, 13.09.2017)


The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) has urged President Rodrigo Duterte to uphold the international human rights obligations of the Philippines, as he expressed “grave concern” over the state leader’s “open support for a shoot-to-kill policy” against suspects. (inquirer.net, 12.09.2017)


Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s son denied any involvement in a drug smuggling case that is captivating the nation.

Paolo Duterte, the vice mayor of Davao City, on Thursday appeared before a Senate committee investigating how 604 kilograms (1,330 pounds) of the drug known as crystal meth slipped through the Bureau of Customs in May. A broker who handled the shipment initially said his customs transactions were facilitated by a group claiming to have links with Paolo Duterte and his brother-in-law, Manases Carpio. (Bloomberg Politics, 07.09.2017)


In reality, Kian delos Santos's death is no more remarkable or tragic than the deaths of the thousands of other people who have been gunned down in the Philippines in the past year — victims of President Rodrigo Duterte's so-called war on drugs.

What makes the 17-year-old's death unusual is the fact that the moments leading up to it were filmed on a CCTV camera. (abc.net, Australien, 06.09.2017)


Peace accords signed between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, better known as FARC, have ended a half-century conflict that killed 260,000 people and displaced another six million.

But it does not mean an end to Colombia’s violence. FARC’s smaller revolutionary cousin, the ELN, or National Liberation Army, has agreed a temporary ceasefire but has not yet laid down its weapons. Neither do the peace accords disband the rightwing paramilitaries who carried out the bulk of the killings during the civil war. They have transformed into criminal gangs that control significant swaths of territory in which the state has little presence. (IRIN, 08.9.2017)


When it comes to the opioid overdose crisis, there is a disconnect between lawmakers and the people they aim to protect, especially if those people are selling heroin. There has been a push to pass harsh penalties against those who provide fentanyl-laced heroin that results in an overdose. Here’s the problem: it’s virtually impossible to find heroin in its pure form. What’s more, people who use heroin have very little control over whether or not their products have been adulterated. (DPA – Drug Policy Alliance, USA. 30.08.2017)


The death of the 17-year old has drawn huge domestic attention to allegations by activists that police have been systematically executing suspected users and dealers. (South China Morning Post, 26.08.2017)