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Philippinen. How Duterte’s war on drugs feeds on his country’s worst fears

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s bloody crackdown on drugs is pushing the country’s most vulnerable people even further towards the margins, says Global Commission on Drugs executive secretary Khalid Tinasti. (South East Asia Globe, 14.05.2018)

http://sea-globe.com/how-dutertes-war-on-drugs-feeds-on-his-countrys-worst-fears/

Philippinen. Philippines Prison Chief Says People Convicted of Minor Drug Possession Should be Executed

The Philippines correctional system chief has said anyone convicted of a drug offence – including personal possession - should be executed, as a bill reintroducing the death penalty gains overwhelming support in the House of Representatives.

Bureau of Corrections Director General Ronald Dela Rosa, who took on the senior role in late April 2018, said that people convicted of any drug offence should go "straight to lethal injection". Dela Rosa specifically noted that this should include people found in possession of small quantities of illegal drugs for personal use (...).

His statement came days after the country’s House of Representatives voted to approve the final reading of a bill that would introduce the death penalty for several drug-related offences, including one drug possessionoffence. (Talking Drugs, UK, 15.05.2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/philippines-prison-chief-drug-possession

Philippinen. President Duterte’s Son Cleared of Drug Trafficking, as Extrajudicial Killings Continue

As the extrajudicial killing of people for alleged drug offences continues in the Philippines, the president’s son has been cleared of trafficking - following a formal investigation. (Talking Drugs, UK, 02.05.2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/duterte-son-cleared-of-drug-trafficking-now

Afghanistan. U.S. Expands Airstrikes on Afghan Opium Labs: Military Justifies Killing Civilians for Alleged Drug Offences

The U.S. is using airstrikes to destroy opium labs, and kill any people who happen to be present in them, as part of its counter-terror military policy in Afghanistan. (Talking Drugs, UK, 11.04.2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/US-airstrikes-civilians-in-afghan-opium-labs

Kolumbien/USA. US Coast Guard Wants to Cut Rising Colombian Drug Trade at its Artery 

Traffickers use Colombia’s rivers that traverse through deep jungles to transport cocaine to ships in the Pacific Ocean. Most of the cocaine, 80 percent, is manufactured in makeshift labs set up within two kilometers of the windy jungle waterways. (OCCRP - The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, 07.05.2018)

https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/8043-us-coast-guard-wants-to-cut-rising-colombian-drug-trade-at-its-artery

Mexiko. Reports: Corruption that Kills: Why Mexico Needs an International Mechanism to Combat Impunity

In 2017, Mexico experienced its deadliest year in two decades, with homicides exceeding 25,000. Despite the many crimes which have been committed in Mexico, however, criminal accountability still remains virtually absent. The extraordinary violence Mexico is experiencing, and the questions it raises about collusion between state actors and organized crime, demand a commensurate response.

This report calls for an international mechanism—based inside the country, but comprised of national and international staff—which would have a mandate to independently investigate and prosecute atrocity crimes and the corrupt acts that enable them. (Open Society Justice Initiative, Mai 2018)

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/reports/corruption-kills-why-mexico-needs-international-mechanism-combat-impunity

Kolumbien. Colombia misses coca crop substitution target by 40%

Colombia will fall short by 20,000 hectares in substituting illegal coca crops agreed to in a peace deal, according to President Juan Manuel Santos.

The country’s Defense Minister, Luis Carlos Villegas, told media in February last year that his government planned to substitute 50,000 hectares of coca, the base ingredient for cocaine, with legal crops by the end of 2017. (Clombia Reports, 01.05.2018)

https://colombiareports.com/colombia-misses-coca-crop-substitution-target-by-40/

Kolumbien. The battle over Colombia's coca fields (Video)

Despite the 2016 peace deal in Colombia, the country's cocaine trade is still flourishing.

Some blame the government for concentrating too hard on peace, others say that by going clean the Farc rebels have left a vacuum in the trade they once ruled.

Katy Watson visited Colombia's coca fields to hear from the people growing the crop, as well as those trying to stamp it out. (BBC, 19.02.2018, Video, 03:02)

http://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-latin-america-43815159/the-battle-over-colombia-s-coca-fields

Philippinen. 'I will arrest you': Duterte threatens ICC lawyer over 'war on drugs'

The Philippines leader has hit out at what he calls an international effort to paint him as a "ruthless and heartless violator of human rights". (sbs.com.au, Australien, 13.04.2018)

https://www.sbs.com.au/news/i-will-arrest-you-duterte-threatens-icc-lawyer-over-war-on-drugs

Afghanistan. U.S., Afghan forces expand air strikes on Taliban drug labs

KABUL (Reuters) - American and Afghan forces have expanded their air strikes against drug labs into western Afghanistan, aiming to choke Taliban revenue. (Reuters, 08.04.2018)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-afghanistan-drugs/u-s-afghan-forces-expand-air-strikes-on-taliban-drug-labs-idUSKBN1HF0HQ

Kolumbien. Colombia arrests key negotiator in FARC peace deal on drug trafficking charge

Colombia's former rebel group FARC has reacted angrily to the arrest of one of its prominent members on drug charges, warning the move is an obstacle to peace. (CNN, USA, 10.04.2018)

https://edition.cnn.com/2018/04/10/americas/colombia-farc-santrich-arrest/

Honduras. Honduran coca raid signals shift to cocaine production, authorities say

TEGUCIGALPA. The second seizure of a coca plantation in Honduras within a year shows drug gangs are seeking to cut costs and turn the small Central American state into a producer rather than a transit hub for U.S.-bound cocaine, authorities said on Tuesday. (Reuters, 11.04.2018)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-honduras-drugs/honduran-coca-raid-signals-shift-to-cocaine-production-authorities-say-idUSKBN1HH3JQ

Philippinen. Philippine court halts govt move to keep drug war kill records secret

MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippine Supreme Court on Tuesday ordered police to hand over full records of thousands of deadly encounters in the country’s war on drugs, thwarting a government bid to keep operational details of the bloody crackdown secret. (Reuters, 03.04.2018)

https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-philippines-drugs/philippine-court-halts-govt-move-to-keep-drug-war-kill-records-secret-idUKKCN1HA18S

CHINA. China’s outdated war on drugs

Every year, tens of thousands of people worldwide die from opioid-related overdoses, many of which are linked to the powerful synthetic opioid fentanyl. Journalists and politicians have called on China, the primary source of fentanyl, to do more to stamp out production and interdict shipments of the drug. These calls ignore China’s own domestic war on drugs, one rooted in the memory of the country’s humiliation at the hands of imperial Britain in the 1839–42 Opium War. (EAST ASIA FORUM, Australien, 31.03.2018)

http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/03/31/chinas-outdated-war-on-drugs/

Kolumbien. Peace process: Colombia coca growers threaten to suspend cooperation with peace process

Colombia’s coca farmers may suspend their participation in the country’s crop substitution program over extreme violence and alleged government failures to facilitate the farmers’ transition to legality. (colombiareports.com, 27.03.2018)

https://colombiareports.com/colombia-coca-growers-threaten-to-suspend-cooperation-with-peace-process/

The War on Drugs Breeds Crafty Traffickers

Politicians often escalate drug war rhetoric to show voters that they are doing something. But it is rare to ignore generations of lessons as President Trump did earlier this month when he announced his support for the execution of drug traffickers.

This idea is insane. But the war on drugs has never made any sense to begin with.

Executing a few individual smugglers will do little to stop others because there is no high command of the international drug trade to target, no generals who can order a coordinated surrender of farmers, traffickers, money launderers, dealers or users. The drug trade is diffuse and can span thousands of miles from producer to consumer. People enter the drug economy for all sorts of reasons — poverty, greed, addiction — and because they believe they will get away with it. Most people do. The death penalty only hurts the small portion of people who are caught (often themselves minorities and low-level mules). (New York Times, 26.03.2018)

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/26/opinion/war-on-drugs-trafficking.html

Philippinen. Justice may be coming for Philippine strongman

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte is afraid.

That’s the signal he sent last week by announcing that the Philippines will withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC) “effective immediately.” Duterte sought to justify the withdrawal by suggesting that the ICC’s move last month to launch a preliminary examination  into killings linked to the Philippine government’s “war on drugs” had violated the principles of “due process and the presumption of innocence.” (Phelim Kine, Human Rights Watch, in: Asia Times, 17.03.2018)

http://www.atimes.com/justice-may-coming-philippine-strongman/

Philippinen. Philippines Tars Rights Groups with ‘Drug Lords’ Smear - Duterte’s Subordinates Issue Veiled Threat Against Activists

Philippine presidential spokesman Harry Roque alleged on Monday that “some human rights groups have become unwitting tools of drug lords to hinder the strides made by the administration.” That echoed recent comments by Foreign Secretary Alan Cayetano equating efforts of some unnamed human rights organizations to stop President Rodrigo Duterte’s murderous “war on drugs” with “being used by drug lords.” (HRW – Human Rights Watch, 26.03.2018)

https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/03/26/philippines-tars-rights-groups-drug-lords-smear

UK. Drugs trade drags children into modern slavery

Inner city children being forced to sell drugs in the countryside has fueled a tripling in the number of modern slavery victims in Britain, the National Crime Agency has said. 

For the first time UK nationals have made up the majority of the cases reported to the scheme set up to identify children and adults who are at the mercy of slave drivers and traffickers.

This was partly down to fears of children being exploited in a drug distribution model known as "county lines", where city gangs branch out into county or coastal towns to sell heroin and crack cocaine. (The Telegraph, UK, 26.03.2018)

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/03/26/drugs-trade-drags-children-modern-slavery/

Brasilien. Marielle Franco Has Not Been Silenced

On March 14, 2018, in the center of Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro, two gunmen in a car murdered Municipal Chamber Councilor Marielle Franco and her driver, Anderson Pedro Gomes. Unlike most of the city’s political leaders, Marielle came from Rio’s favelas. And many of the favelas’ millions of marginalized and mostly black residents saw her as their champion. For these people, and for Marielle’s allies in the human rights movement, her death is not simply a murder. It is an assassination. (OSF – Open Society Foundations, 20.03.2018)

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/marielle-franco-rip

Philippinen. Philippines police kill 13 suspects in one day during drug raids

Rodrigo Duterte’s bloody drug war continues with more than a dozen deaths on Wednesday after officers fire ‘in self defence’.(The Guardian, UK, 22.03.2018)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/22/philippines-police-kill-13-suspects-in-one-day-during-drug-raids

Philippinen. Morde auf den Philippinen - Dutertes blutige Nächte

Skrupellos lässt der philippinische Präsident Duterte mutmaßliche Drogenkriminelle in seinem Land jagen. Laut US-Geheimdiensten ist er eine Gefahr für die Demokratie in der Region. Duterte protestiert dagegen. (Spiegel online, 24.02.2018)

http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/philippinen-wie-rodrigo-duterte-drogenkriminelle-in-seinem-land-jagen-laesst-a-1195110.html

Niederlande/Philippinen. Dutertes Anti-Drogen-Krieg Austritt beim Weltstrafgericht stoppt Ermittlungen nicht

Das Weltstrafgericht teilt mit, dass Untersuchungen zum blutigen Anti-Drogen-Kampf der philippinischen Regierung weitergehen. Der Austritt des Landes beim ICC hat darauf keinen Einfluss. (Spiegel online, 20.03.2018)

http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/rodrigo-duterte-austritt-der-philippinen-beim-weltstrafgericht-stoppt-ermittlungen-nicht-a-1199004.html

Philippinen Duterte verkündet Austritt aus Internationalem Strafgerichtshof

Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof ermittelt gegen die Philippinen wegen möglicher Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit. Präsident Duterte holt zum Gegenschlag aus. (Spiegel online, 14.03.2018)

http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/philippinen-duterte-verkuendet-rueckzug-aus-internationalem-strafgerichtshof-a-1198002.html

How the War on Drugs Holds Science Back (Video)

(Open Society Foundations, 08.03.2018, Video, 01:53)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8pdViCBTODY

Philippinen. Duterte: Throw UN-experts to the crocodiles

PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte on Saturday, March 10, threatened to feed to crocodiles any special rapporteur from the United Nations (UN) who will investigate his campaign against illegal drugs. In another profanity-laced tirade, the President lashed out at UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein for denouncing his order to the Philippine National Police (PNP) not to cooperate in any UN human rights investigation. He said his directive has legal basis and is provided for by the 1987 Constitution. "This son of a b****, stupid chief of (UN Human Rights Council)..., they were irked because (my advice to the police is), 'Do not answer question[s] from them. And that is for a reason (that is) legal. That is provided for in the Constitution itself, our Constitution," Duterte said during his camp visit to Zamboanga City. (Sun Star, Philippinen, 11.03.2018)

http://www.sunstar.com.ph/manila/local-news/2018/03/11/duterte-throw-un-experts-crocodiles-593015

Philippinen. Philippine president Duterte needs psychiatric evaluation, says UN chief

United Nations hits back after Philippines lists special rapporteur on terrorist ‘hit list’. (The Guardian, UK, 09.03.2018)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/09/philippines-lists-un-special-rapporteur-on-terrorist-hit-list-rodrigo-duterte

Mexiko. Mexico police charged with using death squad tactics on drug suspects

Veracruz police picked up youths and turned them over to specialized interrogation and torture squads, according to indictment. (The Guardian, UK, 28.02.2018)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/feb/28/mexico-police-charged-with-using-death-squad-tactics-on-drug-suspects

Experten mahnen Kampf gegen Opiumproduktion in Afghanistan an

Wien – Die internationale Gemeinschaft muss nach Überzeugung von Experten den Kampf gegen die zunehmende Opiumproduktion in Afghanistan viel ernster nehmen. „Die Anstrengungen zur Stabilisierung des Landes bleiben wirkungslos, wenn nicht wirksam gegen die dortige illegale Drogenwirtschaft vorgegangen wird“, heißt es im neuesten Bericht der Internationalen Suchtstoffkontrollbehörde (INCB), der heute in Wien vorgelegt wurde. Es bestehe sonst die Gefahr, dass sich die von Unsicherheit, Armut und Terrorismus geprägte Situation nie ändere. (aerzteblatt.de, 01.03.2018)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/90534/Experten-mahnen-Kampf-gegen-Opiumproduktion-in-Afghanistan-an

Kolumbien. Criminal Violence Threatens Colombia Drug Crop Substitution: Report

A new report says that homicide rates increased substantially between 2016 and 2017 in municipalities in Colombia partaking in coca crop substitution programs, highlighting the fragility of the program in the context of intensified conflict among the country’s fragmented crime groups. (InSightCrime, USA, 22.02.2018)

https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/criminal-violence-threatens-colombia-coca-drug-crop-substitution-program-report/