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Kolumbien. The War in Catatumbo

Abuses by Armed Groups Against Civilians Including Venezuelan Exiles in Northeastern Colombia

(...) Catatumbo is an important source of coca, the raw material used to produce cocaine. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reported that in 2017 roughly 28,200 acres were producing coca in North Santander.

(...) In most cases, the threats appear to be issued by armed groups operating in the area. The groups typically demand that civilians stop supporting programs to replace coca crops with food crops or accuse them of cooperating with another armed group.

(...) In Catatumbo, Venezuelan and Colombian children work in coca fields, which can be a barrier to attending school. (Human Rights Watch, USA, 2019)