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Police & Harm Reduction 

How law enforcement can advance public safety, public health, and public confidence

(Open Society Foundations, 2018)

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/police-harm-reduction-20180720.pdf

A pragmatic harm reduction approach to manage a large outbreak of wound botulism in people who inject drugs, Scotland 2015

Kirsten M. A. Trayner,Amanda Weir,Andrew McAuley,Gauri Godbole,Corinne Amar,Kathie Grant,Gillian Penriceand Kirsty Roy

Harm Reduction Journal 2018, 15:36, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0243-9

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-018-0243-9

harmreduction.eu

This website uses heavily educational materials and guides prepared by a number of experts, and coordinated by Institute of Addiction Research of the University of Applied Sciences in Frankfurt am Main and UNODC, within several EU programmes. (harmreduction.eu, 2018)

https://harmreduction.eu/

Irland. Cocaine – Reduce the Harms

Ireland ranks fourth highest in EU for use of cocaine among young adults

Minister Catherine Byrne launches new awareness campaign

In light of an upward trend in cocaine use and cocaine-associated deaths in Ireland, a new campaign has been developed by the Ana Liffey Drug Project (ALDP) and the HSE to raise awareness about the dangers of using cocaine (powder and crack), and how to reduce the harms associated with snorting, smoking or injecting cocaine. The campaign was launched today, Tuesday 17th July, by Minister Catherine Byrne. (Health Service Executive, Irland, 17.07.2018)

https://www.hse.ie/eng/services/news/media/pressrel/cocaine-reduce-the-harms.html

Staying Safe at Music Festivals

Who doesn’t love music?And there’s nothing better than putting away the records and mp3 players, shutting off the stereo, and hitting the road to see a favorite band live. A live music show is a whole different experience compared to listening to your stereo. (Cooney&Conway, oD)

https://www.cooneyconway.com/blog/staying-safe-music-festivals

Indien. Putting people at the centre of harm reduction: lessons from India 

Blink, and you would miss the National Drug Dependency Treatment Centre (NDDTC) in Sunder Nagri, New Delhi. Housed in a nondescript community centre in an area known for high levels of poverty, unemployment, and conservative values, it’s not necessarily where you would expect to find a drug treatment centre.

As we walk into the clinic, a row of people wait patiently to be seen. A man in his twenties approaches the nurses’ station, ready to take his daily dose of methadone. After five minutes, the procedure is complete. His paperwork is checked and he’s free to go about his day. (aidsalliance.org, 22.06.2018)

http://www.aidsalliance.org/blog/1109-putting-people-at-the-centre-of-harm-reduction-lessons-from-india

The unique contribution of e-cigarettes for tobacco harm reduction in supporting smoking relapse prevention

Caitlin NotleyEmma WardLynne Dawkinsand Richard Holland

Harm Reduction Journal 2018, 15:31, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0237-7

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-018-0237-7

Berlin. Im Rausch der Nacht 

Wo der Bass wummert, werden oft Drogen genommen. In Berlin ist deshalb das Partyteam von Fixpunkt vor Ort. Das Ziel: akzeptierende Drogenarbeit und Hilfe bei Abstürzen. (Zeit online, 09.06.2018)

https://www.zeit.de/wissen/2018-04/akzeptierende-drogenarbeit-fixpunkt-clubs-aufklaerung-drogenkonsum

Harm Reduction Strategies for the Opiod Crisis.

Castillo T.

N C Med J. 2018 May-Jun;79(3):192-194. doi: 10.18043/ncm.79.3.192.

http://www.ncmedicaljournal.com/content/79/3/192.long

Reducing the standard serving size of alcoholic beverages prompts reductions in alcohol consumption.

Kersbergen, I., Oldham, M., Jones, A., Field, M., Angus, C., and Robinson, E. (2018)

Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14228.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/add.14228

GDS – Global Drug Survey: Safer Use Limits

How safe is your drug use? The world’s first guidelines for safer drug use (Cannabis, Cocaine, Ketamine, MDMA, Alcohol). (GDS, 2018)

http://saferuselimits.co/

Cocaine Safer Use Guide

How much cocaine should I take? Should I snort cocaine? How long does cocaine take to kick in? Can I mix cocaine with alcohol? How often is too often to use cocaine?

There are no definitive answers to these questions, but this graphic highlights some good things to consider when using cocaine. (Talking Drugs, UK, 2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/safer-drug-use-guides/cocaine1

MDMA Safer Use Guide

How much MDMA should I take? How should I consume it? Should I snort MDMA? How long does MDMA take to kick in? Can I mix MDMA with alcohol or cocaine? How much water should I drink while on MDMA? What risks are there with using MDMA? How often is too often to use MDMA?

There are no definitive answers to these questions, but this graphic highlights some good things to consider when using MDMA. (Talking Drugs, UK, 2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/safer-drug-use-guides/mdma1

Lettland. TRĪS CERĪBAS - The Three Hopes (Video)

Harm Reduction in Lettland – Drug Reporter hat die Organisation Dia+Log begleitet. (Drug Reporter, Ungarn, 10.05.2018, Video, 15:54)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xPNEOH7iCY

Guidance: Fentanyl: preparing for a future threat - Incident planning for potent opioids arriving into the illicit drug market. 

Guidance for local areas on planning to deal with fentanyl or another potent opioid

Ref: PHE publications gateway number 2017860, PHE – Public Health England, 08.05.2018

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/fentanyl-preparing-for-a-future-threat/guidance-for-local-areas-on-planning-to-deal-with-fentanyl-or-another-potent-opioid

Neue Grenze für risikoarmen Alkoholgenuss? 5 Flaschen Bier oder 5 Gläser Wein pro Woche – darüber wird’s ungesund

Die empfohlenen Grenzwerte für Alkohol in vielen Ländern sollten für Männer und Frauen auf etwa 100 g pro Woche gesenkt werden, fordert Dr. Angela Wood von der Cambridge University in The Lancet[1]. Das entspricht 5 Flaschen Bier oder 5,5 Gläsern Wein pro Woche. Höhere Mengen stünden mit einem Verlust an Lebenszeit, aber auch mit höheren Risiken für Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen in Verbindung. (medscape, 30.04.2018)

https://deutsch.medscape.com/artikelansicht/4906937

Experimental Biology 2018. "New app could make cannabis use safer: 'Am I Stoned' app designed to help users understand their impairment."

Although cannabis, also known as marijuana, has been shown to impair memory, reaction time and attention, it is difficult to assess this impairment in a natural setting. Researchers have developed a prototype app called 'Am I Stoned' that could help cannabis users understand how the drug is affecting them through a series of phone-based tasks. (ScienceDaily, 24.04.2018)

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180424160233.htm

The Philosophy of Harm Reduction - Is there a philosophy of harm reduction?

'The philosophy of harm reduction' is a phrase that's been used by many people over the years. When someone says it we all nod and agree with what the person is saying as if we understand exactly what they mean. But do we, in fact do they understand it themselves? 

Harm reduction grew out of community organizing, research, and clinical practice in the last quarter of the 20th century. At the same time, many of the arguments for harm reduction echo discussions in the history of ideas, as found in pragmatism, utilitarianism, and the ancient Greek philosopher, Epicurus.

We wish to explore if harm reduction can, as well as being a collection of practical interventsions, be seen as a lifestyle philosophy in it's own right.

Mission statement

Many of us came to harm reduction out of necessity, idealism, or both. We don’t kid ourselves that the real work of harm reduction is performed through the daily struggle of individuals and communities. At the same time, we believe that exploring the philosophical foundations of harm reduction can benefit the movement and the lives of people. (harmreductionphilosophy.com, März 2018)

http://harmreductionphilosophy.com/

UK. Night Lives: Reducing Drug-Related Harm in the Night Time Economy

The UK’s night time economy is failing to protect its most valuable asset: the people who go out and enjoy it. Night Lives: Reducing Drug-Related Harm in the Night Time Economy, a joint report by the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Drug Policy Reform, Durham University, The Loop and Volteface, advocates for the adoption of a set of bold yet practical initiatives across our towns and cities to address this failure. Aimed at stakeholders including the night time industry, local authorities, police forces and public health, Night Lives offers new ideas for reducing drug-related harm in the UK’s night time economy (NTE). (März 2018)

http://volteface.me/publications/night-lives/?preview_id=12608

Another frontier for harm reduction: contraceptive needs of females who inject drugs in Estonia, a cross-sectional study

Anneli Uusküla, Mait Raag, Sigrid Vorobjov and Don Des Jarlais

Harm Reduction Journal 2018, 15:10, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0215-0

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-018-0215-0

Richtig filtern!

Eine der wichtigsten Maßnahmen zur Vermeidung schwerer Gesundheitsschäden beim intravenösen Konsum ist die Wahl des richtigen Filters. Das Filtern hat den Zweck, die für den Druck vorbereitete Lösung von losen Teilchen und Schmutz zu befreien. (DAH – Deutsche AIDS-Hilfe, 2018)

https://www.aidshilfe.de/shop/pdf/9392

Schweiz. Ja, aber – für eine Drogenabgabe durch das Medizinsystem

Andre Seidenberg

Von politischer Seite und in den Medien wird vermehrt die Drogenabgabe durch das Medizinsystem gefordert. Dieses Vorgehen ist grundsätzlich richtig, doch stellen sich praktische Probleme. Eines davon ist die Verabreichungsform der Drogen. (Gastkommentar in NZZ, 21.02.2018)

https://www.nzz.ch/meinung/ja-aber-fuer-eine-drogenabgabe-durch-das-medizinsystem-ld.1346139

Russland. Andrey Rylkov Foundation: Provision of harm reduction services in Moscow in 2017

Since 2009, we provide harm reduction services to people who use drugs in Moscow. The political and financial climate as well as the epidemiologic situation are not very supportive for our work - Russia still has one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world with more than 1 million cases being registered and more then 50 000 HIV positive people living in Moscow. Officially registered number of people who use drugs living in Moscow is over 30 000 people. Unsafe injection of drugs is still the major cause of HIV transmission in Russia (more than 60% of all new cases), HIV epidemic is escalating in the country and its capital, but the government still denies the effectiveness of harm reduction measures and provides zero support to NGOs working on HIV prevention among key affected populations. Russian drug policy is still known as one of the most conservative and repressive among those around the world - it continues to declare a zero tolerance towards drug use inflaming the stigma and discrimination towards people who use drugs because of their drug dependence and primarily they are considered not as patients who need proper treatment and support but as criminals. It restricts the access for drug users to vitally important for them information on health issues and to the health services needed such as needle exchange programs and opioid substitution treatment. (Andrey Rylkov Foundation, Russland, 01.03.2018)

http://idpc.net/publications/2018/03/provision-of-harm-reduction-services-moscow

Cannabis und Schadensminderung in Deutschland - Cannabis and Harm Reduction in Germany

Jakob Manthey, Heino Stöver, Hans-Günter Meyer-Thompson

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Suchttherapie, DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-112067

https://www.thieme-connect.de/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0043-112067

Costa Rica: Zendo Project at Envision Festival: Psychedelic Peer Support (Video)

At Envision Festival in Costa Rica, the Zendo Project provides psychedelic peer counseling to help attendees transform difficult experiences into opportunities for growth. (ZENDO, 21.02.2018)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8f8KWRGpJ0&feature=youtu.be

Kanada. Radical harm reduction: coming out from under the radar (managed alcohol programs)

The practice of providing alcohol to people with severe alcohol dependence is a complex and sometimes controversial approach to harm-reduction, and it’s one that many communities in Canada have tried—some very publically and some quietly under the radar. These programs which give alcohol in measured, regular doses throughout the day, usually along with housing and other supports, are known as Managed Alcohol Programs, or MAPs. (University of Victoria, 19.02.2018)

https://www.uvic.ca/news/topics/2018+cisur-managed-alcohol-programs+media-release

UK. Police and public health: collaboration

These documents highlight case studies of initiatives between police and health colleagues and identify barriers and enablers to collaboration. (Public Health England, 07.02.2018)

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/police-and-public-health-collaboration-across-england

Back to the core: A network approach to bolster harm reduction among persons who inject drugs

Bouchard, Martin et al.

International Journal of Drug Policy , Volume 51 , 95 - 104

http://www.ijdp.org/article/S0955-3959(17)30326-2/fulltext

Harm reduction program use, psychopathology and medical severity in patients with methadone maintenance treatment.

Martínez-Luna NG, Rodríguez-Cintas L, Esojo A, Palma-Álvarez RF, Robles-Martínez M, Grau-López L, Perea M, Roncero C.

Adicciones. 2018 Jan 15;0(0):897. doi: 10.20882/adicciones.897.

http://www.adicciones.es/index.php/adicciones/article/download/897/904

From Long-Term Injecting to Long-Term Non-Injecting Heroin and Cocaine Use: The Persistence of Changed Drug Habits.

Jarlais DC, Arasteh K, Feelemyer J, McKnight C, Barnes DM, Tross S, Perlman DC, Campbell AN, Cooper HL, Hagan H.

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Dec;71:48-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.08.015.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5117630/