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Developing harm reduction in the context of youth substance use: insights from a multi-site qualitative analysis of young people’s harm minimization strategies

Emily K. Jenkins, Allie Slemon and Rebecca J. Haines-Saah

Harm Reduction Journal 2017, 14:53, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-017-0180-z

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0180-z

Harm reduction in the USA: the research perspective and an archive to David Purchase.

Des Jarlais DC.

Harm Reduct J. 2017 Jul 26;14(1):51. doi: 10.1186/s12954-017-0178-6.

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0178-6

The Zendo Project provides a supportive environment and specialized care to transform challenging psychedelic experiences into valuable learning opportunities, and potentially offer healing and growth. Using a harm reduction model, we are able deescalate situations, preventing sedation, restraint, arrest and trauma. (ZENDO, 25.07.2017, Video, 02:39)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=740i79zNyhg

For the fifth consecutive year, the Zendo Project offered psychedelic harm reduction services and education at Burning Man 2016 in Black Rock City, Nevada. (MAPS, Video, 01:35:26)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAmEfoBlKGg

Fest300/Everfest traveled to Envision Festival in Costa Rica to learn about psychedelic first aid. In this video we share the 4 Pillars of the Zendo Project and the principles of harm reduction at festivals. (Fest 300/Everfest, 01.03.2017, Video, 04:58)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Tox15j1jzc

A drugs harm reduction campaign by VICE, in collaboration with The Loop and the Royal Society for Public Health. (Safe Sesh, 14.07.2017)

https://www.vice.com/en_uk/topic/safe-sesh?per_page=12&topic_id=59514629249e4b53fb359045

Irland. Reducing Harm, Supporting Recovery:  “A health-led response to drug and alcohol use in Ireland” – 2017 – 2025

Ireland’s “Reducing Harm, Supporting Recovery” strategy sets out the Government’s response to addressing the harm caused by substance misuse in our society over the next eight years.  It identifies a set of key actions to be delivered between 2017 and 2020, and provides an opportunity for the development of further actions from 2021 to 2024 to address needs that may emerge later on in the lifetime of the strategy. (Department of Health, Irland, 17.07.2017)

http://health.gov.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Reducing-Harm-Supporting-Recovery-2017-2025.pdf

Reducing Harm for Dummies (Video)

UNAIDS, Harm Reduction 101, 2017, Video, 02.35

https://vimeo.com/207086602

Two steps forward, one step back: current harm reduction policy and politics in the United States.

Nadelmann E, LaSalle L.

Harm Reduct J. 2017 Jun 12;14(1):37. doi: 10.1186/s12954-017-0157-y.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5469032/

Harm reduction in hospitals

Malika Sharma, Wiplove Lamba, Alexander Cauderella, Timothy H. Guimond and Ahmed M. Bayoumi

Harm Reduction Journal 2017, 14:32

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0163-0

How understanding and application of drug-related legal instruments affects harm reduction interventions in Cambodia: a qualitative study

Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub and Siyan Yi

Harm Reduction Journal 2017, 14:39

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0167-9

Lowering health risks of cannabis use with new public health guidelines

Evidence-based recommendations endorsed by Canadian medical and public health organizations

Summary:

Canada's Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines, released with the endorsement of key medical and public health organizations, provide 10 science-based recommendations to enable cannabis users to reduce their health risks. The guidelines are based on a scientific review by an international team of experts. (Science Daily, 23.06.2017)

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170623100428.htm

Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines: A Comprehensive Update of Evidence and Recommendations

Benedikt Fischer, Cayley Russell, Pamela Sabioni, Wim van den Brink, Bernard Le Foll, Wayne Hall, Jürgen Rehm

AJPH – American Journal of Public Health

Published Online: June 23, 2017, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303818

Abstract

http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2017.303818

UK. The British Medical Association (BMA): Reducing harm associated with illicit drug use

Doctors are concerned about the use of illegal drugs, which is a widespread problem throughout the UK.

(...)

UK Governments tend to prioritise a criminal justice approach to tackling illicit drug use.

The BMA believes in prioritising treatment and support and a new briefing, Evidence-based interventions for managing illicit drug use (PDF), highlights some of the available treatment options.

(The British Medical Association, 12.06.2017)

https://www.bma.org.uk/collective-voice/policy-and-research/public-and-population-health/illicit-drug-use

The Global State of Harm Reduction 2016

Hrsg: HRI – Harm Reduction International, London, 2017

https://www.hri.global/files/2016/11/14/GSHR2016_14nov.pdf

A Global Review of the Harm Reduction Response to Amphetamines: A 2015 Update

Sophie Pinkham and Katie Stone

Hrsg.: International Harm Reduction Association, 2015

https://www.hri.global/files/2015/10/18/AmphetaminesReport_Oct2015_web.pdf

Expanding conceptualizations of harm reduction: results from a qualitative community-based participatory research study with people who inject drugs

L. M. Boucher, Z. Marshall, A. Martin, K. Larose-Hébert, J. V. Flynn, C. Lalonde, D. Pineau, J. Bigelow, T. Rose, R. Chase, R. Boyd, M. Tyndall and C. Kendall

Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:18, DOI: 10.1186/s12954-017-0145-2

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0145-2

Education and equipment for people who smoke crack cocaine in Canada: progress and limits

Carol Strike and Tara Marie Watson

Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:17, DOI: 10.1186/s12954-017-0144-3

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0144-3

The Healthy Nightlife Toolbox (HNT) is an international initiative that focuses on the reduction of harm from alcohol and drug use among young people. (EMCDDA, 2017)

http://www.hntinfo.eu/

Injection of Pharmaceuticals Designed for Oral Use: Harms Experienced and Effective Harm Reduction Through Filtration.

McLean S, Patel R, Bruno R.

Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2017 Apr 2. doi: 10.1007/7854_2016_470.

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28401523

Nightlife-Prävention im deutschsprachigen Raum

Alexander Bücheli, Manuel Hochenegger, Sonia Nunes, Dirk Grimm

Der Vergleich dreier Nightlife-Präventionsangebote aus Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz zeigt, dass es neben den projekt- und länderspezifischen Eigenheiten zwischen MINDZONE, MDA basecamp und Safer Dance Swiss viele Gemeinsamkeiten gibt. Alle drei Nightlife-Präventionsangebote sind sowohl in der Prävention als auch in der Schadensminderung tätig und setzen auf einen lebensweltorientierten, mobilen und aufsuchenden Ansatz. Damit gelingt es, eine drogenaffine Zielgruppe zu erreichen. (SuchtMagazin, Schweiz, Mai 2017)

http://www.suchtmagazin.ch/tl_files/templates/Suchtmagazin/user_upload/Texte/SuchtMagazin_2017-2&3_Leseprobe.pdf

There have been rising number of deaths in the UK, Europe, and North America which have been linked to the use of two opioids - fentanyl and carfentanil. These drugs are reportedly being mixed with heroin, often without the knowledge of the person making the purchase. (Release, UK, 28.04.2017)

http://www.release.org.uk/blog/harm-reduction-people-who-use-or-may-encounter-fentanylcarfentanil

Monitoring quality and coverage of harm reduction services for people who use drugs: a consensus study.

Wiessing L, Ferri M, Běláčková V, et al.

Harm Reduction Journal. 2017;14:19. doi:10.1186/s12954-017-0141-6.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5401609/

Harm reduction refers to strategies that aim to reduce the harms associated with injecting drug use.

The earliest forms of harm reduction promoted abstinence from drug use and put reducing its occurrence at the centre of substance use policy and interventions.

The concept of harm reduction was re-invented in the early 1980s at the beginning of the HIV epidemic when healthcare workers started to provide clean syringes to people who inject drugs (sometimes referred to as PWID) rather than solely trying to achieve abstinence.

Since then, there has been slow but steady progress in implementing harm reduction programmes as a component of the response to the HIV epidemic, with a wide range of initiatives tried to datein a variety of settings.

However, of the 158 countries that report drug use, only 91 of them explicitly reference harm reduction in their national policies (58%). Moreover, few countries have achieved sufficient coverage of harm reduction services. (AVERT, UK, 24.04.2017)

https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-programming/prevention/harm-reduction

Europe is the birthplace of harm reduction, and the region where the successes of this approach in averting epidemics can be most plainly seen. It includes harm reduction champion countries, that have long invested in their national harm reduction programmes and implement a wide array of interventions.

However, austerity, international donor retreat and poor political support are severely limiting harm reduction responses in several countries in the EU. In some states, there is a funding crisis for harm reduction which must be addressed if public health emergencies are to be avoided.

 This report summarises research findings from Harm Reduction Works!, providing a snapshot of harm reduction investment in eighteen EU member states. It includes findings from spend tracking research in the Czech Republic, Greece, Italy, Estonia, Portugal, Hungary and Lithuania. (HRI – Harm Reduction International, 24.04.2017)

https://www.hri.global/contents/1782

Identify quickly and respond effectively. The OoHC Toolbox provides easily accessible and effective information for the supporters and carers of young people (12 - 18) in out of home care. (The Centre for Youth AOD Practice Development, 2017)

http://oohctoolbox.org.au

Forbidden is an issue of four comics produced by The Romanian Harm Reduction Network with the support of Drugreporter as part of the national campaign to support harm reduction in Romania. (Drug Reporter, Ungarn, 27.03.2017)

http://drogriporter.hu/en/comics_Romania

Got that Friday feeling? The urge to party and get on one may be pretty high today. (UK, 2017)

https://www.fridaymonday.org.uk/

In this expert blog, Gen Sander of Harm Reduction International states that the global state of harm reduction in prisons is inadequate, unreliable, and unlawful. She argues that the provision of good-quality and accessible harm reduction, both inside and outside of prisons, is a legally binding human rights obligation, not just a policy option. (penalreform.org, 06.02.2017)

https://www.penalreform.org/blog/the-global-state-of-harm-reduction-in-prisons/