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Auf der von Infodrog betriebenen Datenbank suchtindex.ch findet sich neu eine Übersicht mit sämtlichen Spritzenautomaten und Möglichkeiten zum Spritzenumtausch in der Schweiz. Spritzenautomaten gewährleisten Menschen, die Substanzen intravenös konsumieren, jederzeit, anonym und kostengünstig den Zugang zu sterilem Injektionsmaterial. (INFODROG, 2017)

https://suchtindex.infodrog.ch/de

ScotRail Alliance is to reconsider the decision to close Scotland's largest needle exchange, located in Glasgow Central Station.

The exchange opened in July 2016, but Network Rail said it was forced to shut it down after drug-taking equipment was found in public areas.

Public health minister Aileen Campbell said the government recognised "very real concerns" about the move.

And she told MSPs that bosses had "agreed to look again" at the decision. (BBC News, 26.09.2017)

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-41403794

Needle syringe programmes and opioid substitution therapy for preventing HCV transmission among people who inject drugs: findings from a Cochrane Review and meta-analysis.

Platt, L., Minozzi, S., Reed, J., Vickerman, P., Hagan, H., French, C., Jordan, A., Degenhardt, L., Hope, V., Hutchinson, S., Maher, L., Palmateer, N., Taylor, A., Bruneau, J., and Hickman, M. (2017)

Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14012.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.14012/abstract

Acceptability of low dead space syringes and implications for their introduction: A qualitative study in the West of England

Kesten, Joanna M. et al.

International Journal of Drug Policy , Volume 39 , 99 - 108

http://www.ijdp.org/article/S0955-3959(16)30300-0/fulltext

Recovery of Infectious Hepatitis C Virus from Injection Paraphernalia: Implications for Prevention Programs Serving People Who Inject Drugs

Robert Heimer, Mawuena Binka, Stephen Koester, Jean-Paul C Grund, Amisha Patel, Elijah Paintsil, Brett D Lindenbach

The Journal of Infectious Diseases, , jix427, doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jix427

Abstract

https://academic.oup.com/jid/article-abstract/doi/10.1093/infdis/jix427/4085610/Recovery-of-Infectious-Hepatitis-C-Virus-from

New findings suggest that sharing paraphernalia used to cook and prepare injection drugs does not directly lead to transmission of hepatitis C virus.

According to Robert Heimer, PhD, professor of epidemiology and pharmacology at the Yale School of Public Health, and colleagues, this contrasts with past epidemiological studies that reported HCV incidence linked to sharing “cookers” and filters. Heimer said those studies were not clear on whether the results reflected the contamination of such paraphernalia or syringe-mediated contamination among people who inject drugs (PWID). (healio.com, 22.08.2017)

https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/hepatitis-c/news/in-the-journals/%7B39d71a14-cb1f-458a-8ccb-c28118968e61%7D/sharing-injection-paraphernalia-does-not-lead-to-hcv-transmission

LOWELL, Mass. — They hide in weeds along hiking trails and in playground grass. They wash into rivers and float downstream to land on beaches. They pepper baseball dugouts, sidewalks and streets. Syringes left by drug users amid the heroin crisis are turning up everywhere. (NBC News, USA, 17.07.2017)

http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/americas-heroin-epidemic/discarded-syringes-heroin-crisis-create-health-environmental-problems-n783671

ANDERSON – The syringe exchange program has made some changes following a vote by the Board of Health at the June meeting.

The biggest change was immediate – the removal of the cooker, a small, metal bowl that is used for cooking drugs. The item was included in the harm reduction kit offered to program participants with the syringes they exchange. (The Herald Bulletin, USA, 10.07.2017)

http://www.heraldbulletin.com/news/local_news/syringe-exchange-program-makes-adjustments/article_bb2e3ca9-db98-5d35-ae1d-cad8eb539d12.html

Nova Scotia must develop a more comprehensive and integrated approach to harm reduction if it wants to effectively deal with the growing opioid crisis, according to one expert.

Dr. Susan Kirkland is a professor at Dalhousie’s department of community health and epidemiology, and the director of the Atlantic Interdisciplinary Research Network for Social and Behavioural Issues in Hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS.

This week, she is presenting a recent report she authored for Mainline Needle Exchange, on the impact of their services on the harm reduction landscape, at the Canadian Public Health Association’s annual conference, which is being held in Halifax. (The Chronicle News, Kanada, 06.06.2017)

http://thechronicleherald.ca/novascotia/1475620-infographic-report-says-clean-needle-programs-are-in-high-demand-underfunded

Needle exchange programs for the prevention of hepatitis C virus infection in people who inject drugs: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Stephen M. Davis, Shay Daily, Alfgeir L. Kristjansson, George A. Kelley, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus, Danielle Davidov and Melanie Fisher

Harm Reduction Journal 2017 14:25, DOI: 10.1186/s12954-017-0156-z

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-017-0156-z

Las Vegas is betting on a new approach to combat rising heroin and HIV rates: vending machines of clean needles. (NBC News, 13.04.2017)

http://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/heroin-crisis-nevada-becomes-first-state-install-syringe-vending-machines-n746111

Vital Signs: Trends in HIV Diagnoses, Risk Behaviors, and Prevention Among Persons Who Inject Drugs — United States. 

Wejnert C, Hess KL, Hall HI, et al.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016;65:1336–1342. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6547e1.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6547e1.htm

Die Übertragung von Hepatits C- und HI-Viren zwischen Drogenabhängigen, die sich Heroin injizieren, ist ein globales Gesundheitsproblem. Beispielsweise infizieren sich inzwischen über 80 Prozent der neuen Hepatitis C-Patienten durch den Austausch kontaminierter Drogenbestecke untereinander. Wissenschaftler des TWINCORE haben eine einfach anzuwendende, zuverlässige Methode entwickelt, mit der sie das Risiko der Virusübertragung durch Drogenbestecke minimieren können: Mikrowellenbestrahlung. Die Methode wurde kürzlich in Scientific Reports veröffentlicht. (TWINCORE, 29.11.2016)

http://www.twincore.de/de/infothek/infothek-news-details/news/hepatitis-c-und-hiv-prophylaxe-aus-der-mikrowelle-kuechengeraet-schuetzt-vor-virusuebertragung/

Inactivation of HCV and HIV by microwave: a novel approach for prevention of virus transmission among people who inject drugs.

Siddharta A, Pfaender S, Malassa A, Doerrbecker J, Anggakusuma, Engelmann M, Nugraha B, Steinmann J, Todt D, Vondran FW, Mateu-Gelabert P, Goffinet C, Steinmann E.

Sci Rep. 2016 Nov 18;6:36619. doi: 10.1038/srep36619.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5114683/

Development of a filter to prevent infections with spore-forming bacteria in injecting drug users

Alhusein N, Scott J, Kasprzyk-Hordern B, Bolhuis A

Harm Reduction Journal 2016, 13 :33 (1 December 2016)

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-016-0122-1

Binka M, Paintsil E, Patel A, Lindenbach BD, Heimer R (2015) Survival of Hepatitis C Virus in Syringes Is Dependent on the Design of the Syringe-Needle and Dead Space Volume. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0139737. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139737

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0139737