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Resistant gonorrhoea: east meets west

Rice, Peter A et al.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases , Volume 0 , Issue 0 , Published: 15 May 2018, doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30276-7


USA. Outbreak of Life-threatening Coagulopathy Associated with Synthetic Cannabinoids Use

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is providing information on: 1) the current status of a multistate outbreak of coagulopathy from exposure to synthetic cannabinoid products containing a vitamin K-dependent antagonist agent, such as brodifacoum; 2) signs and symptoms of presenting patients from this outbreak and which patients are at risk; 3) laboratory testing options that are available to help identify and classify cases; 4) available resources that may help clinicians make decisions; and 5) to whom to report possible cases. (CDC – Centre for Disease Control, USA. 25.05.2018)


Association of Cannabis With Cognitive Functioning in Adolescents and Young AdultsA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Scott JC, Slomiak ST, Jones JD, Rosen AFG, Moore TM, Gur RC.

JAMA Psychiatry. Published online April 18, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0335


Associations between cannabis use and cognitive functioning in cross-sectional studies of adolescents and young adults are small and may be of questionable clinical importance for most individuals. Furthermore, abstinence of longer than 72 hours diminishes cognitive deficits associated with cannabis use. Although other outcomes (eg, psychosis) were not examined in the included studies, results indicate that previous studies of cannabis in youth may have overstated the magnitude and persistence of cognitive deficits associated with use. Reported deficits may reflect residual effects from acute use or withdrawal. Future studies should examine individual differences in susceptibility to cannabis-associated cognitive dysfunction.


Schlafstörungen bei Opioidabhängigen - Diagnostik und Therapie 

Prof. Dr. Martin Schäfer

Präsentation (Folien) von der DSÄ-Fortbildungsveranstaltung vom 14.04. in Köln-Sürth


The long-term outcome of patients with heroin use disorder/dual disorder (chronic psychosis) after admission to enhanced methadone maintenance.

Maremmani AGI, Pallucchini A, Rovai L, Bacciardi S, Spera V, Maiello M, Perugi G, Maremmani I.

Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2018 Apr 18;17:14. doi: 10.1186/s12991-018-0185-3. eCollection 2018.


A pilot, open-label, 8-week study evaluating desvenlafaxine for treatment of major depression in methadone-maintained individuals with opioid use disorder.

El Hage C, Ghabrash MF, Dubreucq S, Brissette S, Lespérance F, Lespérance P, Ouellet-Plamondon C, Bruneau J, Jutras-Aswad D.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 2018 May 7. doi: 10.1097/YIC.0000000000000223.



The Spice of Death: The Science behind Tainted “Synthetic Marijuana” - Experts describe how rat poison linked to a recent bleeding outbreak does its damage

Three people died and more than 100 have been sickened in the past few weeks after taking synthetic cannabinoids, human-made compounds that target the same brain receptors as marijuana. Symptoms documented by poison centers—first mostly in the Midwest, and now in Maryland—include unexplained bruising, coughing up blood, bleeding from the nose and gums, blood in urine and feces, and excessively heavy menstruation.

An ongoing investigation has identified a likely culprit in the blood of those affected: rat poison, specifically brodifacoum. (Scientific American, 17.04.2018)


Age of Cannabis Use Onset and Adult Drug Abuse Symptoms: A Prospective Study of Common Risk Factors and Indirect Effects.

Charlie Rioux et al. 

The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry (2018). DOI: 10.1177/0706743718760289



Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

GBD 2015 Tobacco Collaborators.

Lancet. 2017 May 13;389(10082):1885-1906. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30819-X.


‘Care and Prevent’: rationale for investigating skin and soft tissue infections and AA amyloidosis among people who inject drugs in London

M. Harris,R. Brathwaite,Catherine R. McGowanD. CiccaroneG. Gilchrist,M. McCusker,K. O’Brien,J. Dunn,J. Scottand V. Hope

Harm Reduction Journal 2018 15:23, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0233-y


The associations between psychotic experiences and substance use and substance use disorders: findings from the World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys.

Degenhardt, L., Saha, S., Lim, C. C. W., AguilarGaxiola, S., AlHamzawi, A., Alonso, J., Andrade, L. H., Bromet, E. J., Bruffaerts, R., CaldasdeAlmeida, J. M., de Girolamo, G., Florescu, S., Gureje, O., Haro, J. M., Karam, E. G., Karam, G., KovessMasfety, V., Lee, S., Lepine, J.P., Makanjuola, V., MedinaMora, M. E., Mneimneh, Z., NavarroMateu, F., Piazza, M., PosadaVilla, J., Sampson, N. A., Scott, K. M., Stagnaro, J. C., Ten Have, M., Kendler, K. S., Kessler, R. C., McGrath, J. J., and on behalf of the WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators (2018)

Addiction, 113: 924–934. doi: 10.1111/add.1414.


Association of Cannabis With Cognitive Functioning in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Scott JC, Slomiak ST, Jones JD, Rosen AFG, Moore TM, Gur RC.

JAMA Psychiatry. 2018 Apr 18. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0335.



Neurotoxicity Induced by Mephedrone: An up-to-date Review.

Pantano F, Tittarelli R, Mannocchi G, Pacifici R, di Luca A, Busardò FP, Marinelli E.

Curr Neuropharmacol. 2017;15(5):738-749. doi: 10.2174/1570159X14666161130130718. Review.


Neurobiology of Opioid Use Disorder and Comorbid Traumatic Brain Injury.

Kosten TR, Graham DP, Nielsen DA. 

JAMA Psychiatry.Published online April 25, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0101



Reversible Thrombocytopenia after Gabapentin in an HIV-Positive Patient.

Basith M, Francis A, Bellon A.

Case Rep Psychiatry. 2018 Jan 4;2018:5927065. doi: 10.1155/2018/5927065.


Willis-Ekbom disease/restless legs syndrome in patients with opioid withdrawal.

Gupta R, Ali R, Ray R.

Sleep Med. 2018 May;45:39-43. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.09.028. 



International Consensus Statement on Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment of Substance Use Disorder Patients with Comorbid Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Crunelle CL, van den Brink W, Moggi F, Konstenius M, Franck J, Levin FR, van de Glind G, Demetrovics Z, Coetzee C, Luderer M, Schellekens A; ICASA consensus group, Matthys F.

Eur Addict Res. 2018;24(1):43-51. doi: 10.1159/000487767.


A 'sniff' away from death: a case of cocaine-induced coronary artery dissection.

Merinopoulos I, Bloore D, Read P.

Oxf Med Case Reports. 2017 Oct 26;2017(10):omx058. doi: 10.1093/omcr/omx058.


Gabapentin dose and the 30-day risk of altered mental status in older adults: A retrospective population-based study.

Fleet JL, Dixon SN, Kuwornu PJ, Dev VK, Montero-Odasso M, Burneo J, et al. (2018)

PLoS ONE 13(3): e0193134. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193134


Improvement in clinical outcomes of patients with heart failure and active cocaine use after β-blocker therapy.

Lopez PD, Akinlonu A, Mene-Afejuku TO, Dumancas C, Saeed M, Cativo EH, Visco F, Mushiyev S, Pekler G.

Clin Cardiol. 2018 Apr;41(4):465-469. doi: 10.1002/clc.22897.


Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: Public Health Implications and a Novel Model Treatment Guideline.

Lapoint J, Meyer S, Yu CK, Koenig KL, Lev R, Thihalolipavan S, Staats K, Kahn CA.

West J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;19(2):380-386. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2017.11.36368.


Intravenous drug users who require dialysis: causes of renal failure and outcomes.

Scott JK, Taylor DM, Dudley CRK.

Clin Kidney J. 2018 Apr;11(2):270-274. doi: 10.1093/ckj/sfx090.


Psychoactive substances and violent offences: A retrospective analysis of presentations to an urban emergency department in Switzerland.

Liakoni E, Gartwyl F, Ricklin M, Exadaktylos AK, Krähenbühl S (2018)

PLoS ONE 13(3): e0195234. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195234


Paper under discussion: Sleeping at the margins qualitative study of homeless drug users who stay in emergency hostels and shelters

Sarah Nettleton, Joanne Neale, & Caral Stevenson. (2012). Critical Public Health, 22(3), 319-328.

(SSA – Society for the Study on Addiction, UK, April 2018)


Evaluation of the effect of methamphetamine on traumatic injury complications and outcomes.

Neeki MM, Dong F, Liang L, Toy J, Carrico B, Jabourian N, Sin A, Hussain F, Brown S, Safdari K, Borger R, Wong D.

Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2018 Mar 29;13(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s13722-018-0112-6.


The long-term impact of post traumatic stress disorder on recovery from heroin dependence,

Katherine L. Mills, Christina Marel, Shane Darke, Joanne Ross, Tim Slade, Maree Teesson

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Volume 89, 2018, Pages 60-66, doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2018.04.001.