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A Clinical Study of Opioid Substitution Therapy in a Tertiary Care Center of Eastern India.

Mohapatra S, Nayak MR, Dash M.

Indian J Psychol Med. 2017 Nov-Dec;39(6):756-759. doi: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_61_17.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733424/

A cross-national analysis of the association between years of implementation of opioid substitution treatments and drug-related deaths in Europe from 1995 to 2013.

Marotta PL, McCullagh CA.

Eur J Epidemiol. 2017 Dec 12. doi: 10.1007/s10654-017-0342-z.

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29234968

Russland/Ukraine. Death by disdain: the fate of drug users in Russian-occupied territories

With replacement therapy now illegal, drug users in Russian-occupied Crimea and the self-proclaimed republics of the Donbas are finding it hard to survive.

(...) Yevgeny Bryun, told oDR that “methadone therapy is just a business,” and that Russia will never have such programmes.

For addicts from Crimea and eastern Ukraine, Russian jurisdiction spelt disaster. (OdR - Open Democracy Net, 11.12.2017)

https://www.opendemocracy.net/od-russia/anastasia-platonova/crimea-ukraine-drug-users-fate

Opiate agonist treatment to improve health of individuals with opioid use disorder in Lebanon.

Ghaddar A, Abbas Z, Haddad R.

Harm Reduct J. 2017 Dec 8;14(1):78. doi: 10.1186/s12954-017-0204-8.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5721516/

USA. Buprenorphine and Methadone Dispensing in New York City.

Tuazon E, Kunins H, Paone D.

New York City, Department of Health and Mental Hygiene: Epi Data Brief (96); November 2017.

Buprenorphine and methadone are opioid agonist medications that are both safe and effective in the treatment of opioid use disorders . Methadone dispensing has been available through certified New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) Opioid Treatment Programs in New York City (NYC) since the late 1970s.

Buprenorphine has been approved for treatment of opioid use disorders since 2002, and is now available by prescription from physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants trained and approved to prescribe it.

In 2016, there were 69 OASAS-certified opioid treatment programs in NYC with a capacity to dispense methadone to approximately 32,000 patients with opioid use disorders.

(...) Most new patients in methadone treatment were Latino and Black or African-American (50% and 20%, respectively). One in three (27%) new patients in methadone treatment were White.

https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/epi/databrief96.pdf

Difficult-to-reach target groups in addiction aid - what efforts are already taken in Switzerland and what need for action remains?

Stefanie Knocks, Lisbon Addictions 2017, Second European Conference on Addictive Behaviours and Dependencies, Lissabon, 24.-26.10.2017

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/7558/14H30_2_Stefanie Knocks.pptx

A systematic review of health economic models of opioid agonist therapies in maintenance treatment of non-prescription opioid dependence.

Chetty M, Kenworthy JJ, Langham S, Walker A, Dunlop WC.

Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2017 Feb 24;12(1):6. doi: 10.1186/s13722-017-0071-3. Review.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5324212/

Towards a long-term perspective: analysis of treatment participation in opioid substitution therapy in four European regions

Carlos Nordt, University of Zurich, Department for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

Centre for Addictive Disorders

German Medical Association, Berlin, Lisbon Addictions 2017, Second European Conference on Addictive Behaviours and Dependencies, Lissabon, 24.-26.10.2017

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/7472/11H00_5_Carlos Nordt.pdf

Mortality and causes of death in an ageing Norwegian OMT cohort

Ivar Skeie, Lisbon Addictions 2017, Second European Conference on Addictive Behaviours and Dependencies, Lissabon, 24.-26.10.2017

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/6857/12H45_00_Ivar Skeie.pptx

Kanada. B.C. pilot project to distribute clean opioids to people at high risk of overdose

Ottawa has approved a pilot project that will allow health officials in B.C. to distribute clean opioids to drug users to use as they please, marking one of the province's most radical efforts to address a fentanyl-saturated drug supply that has killed more than 1,000 people this year. (Globe and Mail, 19.12.2017)

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/bc-pilot-project-to-distribute-clean-opioids-to-people-at-high-risk-of-overdose/article37392053

Ukraine. A Blind Spot in the Movement Against Gender-Based Violence

When Yulia, the coordinator of the women’s outreach program at a harm reduction service in Kiev, Ukraine, noticed a young client’s relationship with her partner was becoming increasingly violent, she called the local government-run women’s shelter for help. The reply was short: “Does she use drugs or alcohol? Yes? Then we cannot take her.”

The shelter eventually agreed to admit the woman on the condition that she enroll in a methadone program and stop using illegal drugs. But Yulia remains worried: “Even if he lets her, enrolling into drug treatment will take weeks, while I need to get her into safety tonight. And I cannot call the police: instead of protection, she will get arrested because she is a drug user.”

Yulia’s client is not alone. According to the World Health Organization, one in three women will experience violence in her life, most commonly at the hand of an intimate partner. But for women who use drugs, this number is closer to 76 percent, like in Indonesia, or 80 percent, like in Kyrgyzstan—where half of the women surveyed also named the police among their abusers. (OSF, 08.12.2017)

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/blind-spot-movement-against-gender-based-violence

USA. Older Adults with Opioid Use Disorders—The Forgotten Generation

They’ve been called a “growing and understudied population”—people who need treatment, yet find it hard to obtain or to pay for. So, many do without it. And, as time passes, they become increasingly vulnerable to physical and mental challenges.

Who are they? They’re older adults who have opioid use disorders (OUDs).

Recommendations from medical and government sources on what to do to help them—evidence-based guidelines, supportive policies, even general suggestions on making treatment available to this group—are sorely lacking. (atforum, USA, 13.12.2017)

http://atforum.com/2017/12/older-adults-opioid-use-disorders-forgotten-generation/

Kanada. B.C. to reimburse methadone patients for taking clinic fees off welfare cheques

VANCOUVER — The British Columbia government has agreed to pay back more than $5.5 million in fees deducted from the monthly social assistance cheques of methadone patients, a document filed in B.C. Supreme Court says. (The Province/The Canadian Press, 22.11.2017)

http://theprovince.com/pmn/news-pmn/canada-news-pmn/b-c-to-reimburse-methadone-patients-for-taking-clinic-fees-off-welfare-cheques/wcm/1ccd95be-5140-4489-bb59-1e7e21d200d8

Opioid Agonist Treatment Reduces Societal Costs of Crime

Patients with opioid use disorder generated crime-related costs to society at a lower rate while they were in treatment compared with after they left treatment.

Patients who initiate time-unlimited opioid-agonist therapy will generate lower average total crime-related costs over the next 6 months than patients who initiate a 21-day detoxification regimen.

Savings in crime-related costs are substantial and warrant inclusion in cost-effectiveness analyses of treatment for opioid addiction. (NIDA Notes, Eric Sarlin, M.Ed., M.A., 23.08.2017)

https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/nida-notes/2017/08/opioid-agonist-treatment-reduces-societal-costs-crime

The impact of buprenorphine and methadone on mortality: a primary care cohort study in the United Kingdom

Matthew Hickman, Lisbon Addictions 2017, Second European Conference on Addictive Behaviours and Dependencies, Lissabon, 24.-26.10.2017

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/6872/12H45_4_Matthew Hickman.ppt

USA-New York. Opioid Addiction Knows No Color, but Ist Treatment Does

On a street lined with garbage trucks, in an industrial edge of Brooklyn, dozens of people started filing into an unmarked building before the winter sun rose. Patients gather here every day to visit the Vincent Dole Clinic, where they are promised relief from their cravings and from the constant search for heroin on the streets. (NYT, 12.01.2018)

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/nyregion/opioid-addiction-knows-no-color-but-its-treatment-does.html