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Qat - Kat: Die Droge aus dem Jemen - Flucht in den Rausch
"Während im Jemen der Krieg tobt und eine Hungersnot droht, blüht der Handel mit Qat. Die Droge lässt das Elend vergessen – und befeuert es." (faz-net, 18.01.2018)
http://www.faz.net/aktuell/gesellschaft/kriminalitaet/qat-die-droge-aus-dem-jemen-15389035.html

Krieg in der Ukraine fördert Ausbreitung von resistenten HI-Viren

Oxford – Der Krieg im Osten des Landes und die damit verbundenen gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen haben die Ausbreitung resistenter HI-Viren in der Ukraine gefördert. Dies zeigen genetische Analysen der Viren in einer Studie in den Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2018; doi: 10.1073/pnas.1701447115). (aerzteblatt.de, 18.01.2018)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/87625/Krieg-in-der-Ukraine-foerdert-Ausbreitung-von-resistenten-HI-Viren

USA. Overdoses in older blacks, and overdoses from cocaine, are rising but being ignored

Increasing death rates from opioid overdoses among whites have been widely documented, but less well-known is the increase in cocaine-related overdoses among blacks, as the National Cancer Institute (NCI) reported last week in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Using complete U.S. death certificate data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics, Meredith S. Shiels, Ph.D., and colleagues compared data from 2000–2003 with data from 2012–2015. They found that total overdose death rates increased among blacks (6.1 to 9.0 per 100,000 person years), Hispanics (4.2 to 6.0) and whites (5.6 to 15.5). Broken down by age and race, however, increases were most pronounced for older blacks (men over 50 and women over 45). (alcoholismdrugabuseweekly.com, 11.12.2017)

http://www.alcoholismdrugabuseweekly.com/Article-Detail/overdoses-in-older-blacks-and-overdoses-from-cocaine-are-rising-but-being-ignored.aspx

USA. Opioid-Krise: Eine Stadt, betäubt von Drogen

Erst Pillen, dann Heroin: Die USA sind abhängig von Opioiden, Präsident Trump hat den Notstand ausgerufen. In Portsmouth, Ohio, ändert das wenig. Das Sterben geht weiter. (Zeit online, 15.01.2018)

http://www.zeit.de/gesellschaft/zeitgeschehen/2018-01/opioid-krise-usa-ohio-portsmouth

Race & the Drug War (Video)

(7. International Drug Policy Reform Conference - Drug Policy Alliance October 11-14, 2017, USA, Video, Drugreporter, 16.01.2018, 10:13)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NInn9WLt_ew

USA. New York City Program Takes Controversial Approach to Opioid Crisis (Audio)

There's no single solution to the opioid crisis, but a New York City program is taking a controversial approach to fighting the epidemic.

It's called "harm reduction,” and it's not new. The non-punitive approach aims to reduce the harmful consequences of drug use. For some programs around the country that means giving access to sterile needles, and, in the case of The Washington Heights Corner Project, a bathroom where users can inject drugs knowing that if they overdose, someone will come to their aid. (WNYC – The Takeaway, 15.01.2018, Audio, 07:26)

https://www.wnyc.org/story/harm-reduction-how-one-new-york-city-program-tackles-opioids/

Praxis Suchtmedizin Schweiz

Die nationale Homepage praxis-suchtmedizin.ch; medico-e-dipendenze.ch; praticien-addiction.ch" wird von der Interessensgemeinschaft "IG Netzwerk Praxis Suchtmedizin" getragen. In der IG sind die in der Schweiz bestehenden regionalen Netzwerke der Suchtmedizin COROMA, FOSUMOS, FOSUMIS und ticino addiction vertreten. Weitere Mitglieder der IG sind Personen aus BAG, SSAM, VKS, Infodrog, sowie kantonale Beauftragte für Suchtfragen. (Deutsch, Italienisch und Französisch)

https://www.fosumos.ch/fosumos/index.php/de/

USA. Philadelphia sues opioid makers in response to epidemic

Philadelphia has filed a lawsuit against drug companies that make prescription opioids, saying they've created "an unprecedented public health crisis." (medicalxpress.com, 17.01.2018)

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-01-philadelphia-sues-opioid-makers-response.html

The Failed War on Drugs

By GEORGE P. SHULTZ and PEDRO ASPE

(New York Times, OPED, 31.12.2017)

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/31/opinion/failed-war-on-drugs.html

Kolumbien. GameChangers 2017: Is Colombia’s FARC Really Gone?

Has Colombia’s FARC really left the country’s criminal scene? Yes, and absolutely not. The rebel army is gone, and has become a political party. But the FARC Mafia is just coming into being. (InSight Crime, USA, 16.01.2018)

https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/gamechangers-2017-is-colombia-farc-really-gone/

On The Hunt For Poppies In Mexico — America's Biggest Heroin Supplier

The mountains looming ahead are legendary in Mexico.

"Whether it was Morelos or Zapata, any figure in Mexican history who needed to escape authorities came here to the mountains of Guerrero," says Lt. Col. Juan Jose Orzua Padilla, the Mexican army spokesman in this region.

Today, it's not revolutionaries skulking through this formidable southern section of the Sierra Madre mountains — it's heroin traffickers. (NPR – National Public Radio, 14.01.2018)

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2018/01/14/571184153/on-the-hunt-for-poppies-in-mexico-americas-biggest-heroin-supplier

Österreich. Otto Presslich, Pionier der Drogenersatztherapie, in Wien gestorben

Presslich, Facharzt für Neurologie und Psychiatrie, ist am 6. Jänner zu Hause im Alter von 80 Jahren verstorben, wie am Dienstag bekannt wurde. (Der Standard, 16.01.2018)

https://www.derstandard.de/story/2000072412498/pionier-der-drogenersatztherapie-otto-presslich-in-wien-gestorben

USA-New York. Opioid Addiction Knows No Color, but Ist Treatment Does

On a street lined with garbage trucks, in an industrial edge of Brooklyn, dozens of people started filing into an unmarked building before the winter sun rose. Patients gather here every day to visit the Vincent Dole Clinic, where they are promised relief from their cravings and from the constant search for heroin on the streets. (NYT, 12.01.2018)

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/nyregion/opioid-addiction-knows-no-color-but-its-treatment-does.html

USA. Did Americans Turn to Opioids Out of Despair – or Just Because They Were There?

Between 1999 and 2013, the death rate for white, middle-aged, working-class Americans increased by 22 percent. This explosion in premature deaths was driven by a surge in opioid overdoses, alcohol-related fatalities, and suicides. Meanwhile, over the same period, medical advances pushed down the death rates of college-educated whites, and the working-class members of other racial groups.

The economists Angus Deaton and Anne Case first brought these disconcerting facts to national attention in 2015. Their research painted a portrait of a white working class besieged by “despair.” Erosion in the demographic’s wages, marriage rates, job quality, social cohesion, cultural capital, and, perhaps, racial privilege, were ostensibly driving an ever-larger number of non-college-educated whites into suicidal behavior. The economists offered no definitive, causal explanation for the phenomenon they documented. But they suggested that the rising mortality of this demographic was linked to a sense of meaninglessness, rooted in social and economic conditions. (Daily Intelligencer, USA, 16.01.2018)

http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2018/01/is-the-opioid-crisis-driven-by-supply-or-demand.html

USA. Ein Markt im Rausch: Der Milliarden-Markt mit Marihuana

Seit Jahresbeginn ist der Konsum von Cannabi  in Kalifornien legal. Weitere US-Bundesstaaten und ganz Kanada wollen noch in diesem Jahr folgen. Unternehmen und Investoren bereiten sich vor - denn die Türen eines milliardenschweren Marktes öffnen sich. (boerse.ard.de, 10.01.2018)

https://boerse.ard.de/anlagestrategie/branchen/der-milliarden-markt-mit-marihuana100.html

Opioid Crisis: No Easy Fix to Its Social and Economic Determinants.

Dasgupta N, Beletsky L, Ciccarone D.

Am J Public Health. 2018 Feb;108(2):182-186. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304187.

http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2017.304187