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USA. Opioid-Krise: Eine Stadt, betäubt von Drogen

Erst Pillen, dann Heroin: Die USA sind abhängig von Opioiden, Präsident Trump hat den Notstand ausgerufen. In Portsmouth, Ohio, ändert das wenig. Das Sterben geht weiter. (Zeit online, 15.01.2018)

http://www.zeit.de/gesellschaft/zeitgeschehen/2018-01/opioid-krise-usa-ohio-portsmouth

USA. Did Americans Turn to Opioids Out of Despair – or Just Because They Were There?

Between 1999 and 2013, the death rate for white, middle-aged, working-class Americans increased by 22 percent. This explosion in premature deaths was driven by a surge in opioid overdoses, alcohol-related fatalities, and suicides. Meanwhile, over the same period, medical advances pushed down the death rates of college-educated whites, and the working-class members of other racial groups.

The economists Angus Deaton and Anne Case first brought these disconcerting facts to national attention in 2015. Their research painted a portrait of a white working class besieged by “despair.” Erosion in the demographic’s wages, marriage rates, job quality, social cohesion, cultural capital, and, perhaps, racial privilege, were ostensibly driving an ever-larger number of non-college-educated whites into suicidal behavior. The economists offered no definitive, causal explanation for the phenomenon they documented. But they suggested that the rising mortality of this demographic was linked to a sense of meaninglessness, rooted in social and economic conditions. (Daily Intelligencer, USA, 16.01.2018)

http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2018/01/is-the-opioid-crisis-driven-by-supply-or-demand.html

Drogen: US-Regierung schränkt Marihuana-Legalisierung ein
Seit 2013 entscheiden die US-Bundesstaaten selbst über ihre Cannabis-Politik – ungeachtet des Verbots der Droge auf Bundesebene. Mit dieser Liberalität ist nun Schluss. (Zeit online, 04.01.2018)
http://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2018-01/drogen-usa-marihuana-legalitaet-einschraenkung

Opioid Crisis: No Easy Fix to Its Social and Economic Determinants.

Dasgupta N, Beletsky L, Ciccarone D.

Am J Public Health. 2018 Feb;108(2):182-186. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304187.

http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2017.304187

USA/China. China announces scheduling controls on two fentanyl precursor chemicals

WASHINGTON – China’s Ministry of Public Security last week announced scheduling controls on two fentanyl precursor chemicals – NPP and 4ANPP, substances that can be used to make illicit drugs. The scheduling controls will take effect on February 1, 2018 and is the result of the ongoing collaboration between the Drug Enforcement Administration and the Government of China and their shared commitment to countering illicit fentanyl-class substances. (DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration, 05.01.2018)

https://www.dea.gov/divisions/hq/2018/hq010518.shtml

Cannabis: Der neue Krieg gegen das Gras

US-Justizminister Sessions hat der Marihuana-Industrie den Kampf angesagt. Doch mit seinem Versuch, das Geschäft einzudämmen, hat er auch die Befürworter mobilisiert. (Zeit online, 11.01.2018)

http://www.zeit.de/wirtschaft/2018-01/cannabis-industrie-verbot-jeff-sessions-kampf-marihuana/komplettansicht

Kanada/British Columbia. Drug-vending machine pitched to cut overdose deaths

A vending machine that distributes hydromorphone pills to people with opioid addictions — who will likely crush and inject them — is one idea being explored in a pilot project to curb overdose deaths.

“Right now, we’re asking people to go to an alley to buy drugs that are likely poisoned [with fentanyl],” said project leader Dr. Mark Tyndall from B.C.’s Centre for Disease Control, at the South Island Community Overdose Response Network symposium at Victoria City Hall this past week.

“What I’m proposing is not nearly as crazy. We need to blanket the province with an opportunity to get safer drugs.” (Times Colonist, 19.12.2017)

http://www.timescolonist.com/news/local/drug-vending-machine-pitched-to-cut-overdose-deaths-1.23124761#undefined.uxfs

USA. President Trump Says Countries That Had Success Dealing With Drugs Chose To Be 'Very Harsh'

Countries that are “very harsh” on drug epidemics and “take it very seriously” have less difficulty curbing the problem, claimed President Donald Trump in a press conference on Saturday. (Newsweek, 06.01.2018)

http://www.newsweek.com/trump-says-countries-are-harsh-drugs-have-less-difficulty-773168

USA. US-Regierung entlässt gesamtes Aids-Beratergremium

Washington – Die Regierung von US-Präsident Donald Trump hat nach überein­stimmenden Medienberichten das gesamte bisherige Beratergremium des Weißen Hauses für HIV/Aids-Fragen entlassen. Nachdem bereits sechs Angehörige der Kommission im Juni aus Protest gegen die Gesundheitspolitik unter Trump zurück­getreten waren, hätten die noch verbliebenen zehn Mitglieder jetzt ihre Entlassungs­papiere erhalten, schrieb unter anderem die Washington Post. (aerzteblatt.de, 02.01.2017)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/87307/US-Regierung-entlaesst-gesamtes-Aids-Beratergremium

COSTS AND UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG CONTROL POLICIES

Council of Europe - Report by the expert group on possible adverse effects and associated costs of drug control policies

(Groupe Pompidou, Dezember 2017)

https://www.coe.int/en/web/pompidou/-/costs-and-unintended-consequences-of-drug-policy

UK. 'We're trying to give up cigarettes', says Philip Morris ad

Global tobacco giant Philip Morris International (PMI) has run a print ad claiming that it wishes "to stop selling cigarettes" in the UK.

(...) The ad is careful to stress that the best thing the UK’s 7.6 million smokers can do is to quit, but for those who will continue to smoke, PMI’s ambition is to get them to switch away from cigarettes to e-cigarettes and heated tobacco. (campaignlive.co.uk, 02.01.2018)
https://www.campaignlive.co.uk/article/were-trying-give-cigarettes-says-philip-morris-ad/1453528

First do no harm: developing interventions that combat addiction without increasing inequalities.

Bambra, C. (2018)

Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14116.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.14116/full

USA. Trump Fires HIV/AIDS Council in Its Entirety by FedEx Letter, Report Claims

President Donald Trump fired the remaining members of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA) Wednesday, reportedly informing them without explanation with a letter delivered by FedEx.

The mass dismissal of the advisers marked another nadir in the administration’s dealing with the council. In June, six members resigned from PACHA writing in an open letter, published in Newsweek, saying the Trump White House was pushing for legislation that would harm people living with HIV. (Newsweek, 29.12.2017)

http://www.newsweek.com/trump-fires-hivaids-council-its-entirety-fedex-letter-report-claims-763737

USA. The opioid crisis is driving down U.S. life expectancy, new data shows

In 2016, the average American’s life expectancy dropped to 78.6 years, the second time in two years the U.S has seen a dip in how long people are expected to live.

And drug overdoses are a big part of the reason why people dying sooner, according to new data released Thursday. (PBS – Public Broadcasting Service, USA, 21.12.2017)

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/the-opioid-crisis-is-driving-down-u-s-life-expectancy-new-data-shows

USA. THE PRESIDENT’S COMMISSION ON COMBATING DRUG ADDICTION AND THE OPIOID CRISIS

Roster of Commissioners: Governor Chris Christie, Chairman; Governor Charlie Baker; Governor Roy Cooper; Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy; Professor Bertha Madras, Ph.D.; Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi

01.11.2017

https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/images/Final_Report_Draft_11-1-2017.pdf

Schweiz. Städte geben in Sachen Cannabis nicht klein bei

Das Bundesamt für Gesundheit stoppte die Versuche mit Genusskiffern. Doch Zürich, Bern, Biel und Luzern wollen trotzdem so schnell wie möglich mit ihren Experimenten loslegen. (NZZ – NEUE ZÜRCHER ZEITUNG, 12.12.2017)

https://www.nzz.ch/schweiz/aktuelle-themen/staedte-geben-in-sachen-cannabis-nicht-klein-bei-ld.1338535