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Bangla Desh. Bangladesh seeks death penalty for drug traffickers

Bangladesh wants to punish methamphetamine traffickers with the death penalty, officials said Thursday, as authorities confront the growing popularity of the dangerous and addictive drug.

The proposal to crackdown on the spread of methamphetamine, known locally as "yaba", comes after Bangladesh seized more than 40 million pills of the narcotic in 2017 -- double the previous year. 

Authorities want to elevate yaba to a Class A banned substance, meaning traffickers would face the death penalty instead of life behind bars. (abs-cbn.com, 06.04.2018)

http://news.abs-cbn.com/overseas/04/06/18/bangladesh-seeks-death-penalty-for-drug-traffickers

2017: 993 Hinrichtungen weltweit dokumentiert

Berlin – Die Zahl der Hinrichtungen ist im vergangenen Jahr laut Amnesty International weiter zurückgegangen. Weltweit seien mindestens 993 Menschen hingerichtet worden, mehr als die Hälfte davon im Iran, hieß es in dem heute veröffentlichten Jahresbericht der Menschenrechtsorganisation. Damit gab es 39 dokumentierte Fälle weniger als noch 2016.

Allerdings enthält der Bericht keine Angaben zu China, das keine offiziellen Zahlen herausgibt. In der Volksrepublik werden Schätzungen zufolge mehr Menschen als im Rest der Welt zusammengenommen hingerichtet. (...)

Laut Amnesty wird die Todesstrafe vermehrt im Anti-Drogenkampf angewendet. 15 Länder verhängten oder vollstreckten demnach 2017 Todesurteile wegen Drogendelikten, die meisten davon in Nordafrika und dem Nahen Osten. (aerzteblatt.de, 12.04.2018)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/93398/993-Hinrichtungen-weltweit-dokumentiert

Public support for safe consumption sites and syringe services programs to combat the opioid epidemic.

McGinty EE, Barry CL, Stone EM, Niederdeppe J, Kennedy-Hendricks A, Linden S, Sherman SG.

Prev Med. 2018 Feb 23;111:73-77. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.02.026.

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29481827

Australien. Reducing stigma and discrimination for people experiencing problematic alcohol and other drug use

A report for the Queensland Mental Health Commission, Final report, April, 2017

Dr Kari Lancaster, Dr Kate Seear, Professor Alison Ritter

Drug Policy Modelling Program, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC); University of New South Wales; Faculty of Law, Monash University

https://www.qmhc.qld.gov.au/sites/default/files/downloads/reducing_stigma_and_discrimination_for_people_experiencing_problematic_alcohol_and_other_drugs_ndarc_april_2017.pdf

Niederlande. Mehr Sterbehilfefälle in den Niederlanden

Den Haag – In den Niederlanden ist die Zahl der Fälle von aktiver Sterbehilfe im vergangenen Jahr um acht Prozent auf 6.585 angestiegen. Das seien 4,4 Prozent aller Todesfälle in den Niederlanden, teilten die Regionalen Kontrollkommissionen für Sterbehilfe (RTE) heute in Den Haag mit.

Mehr als die Hälfte der Patienten war demnach älter als 70 Jahre. 90 Prozent der Menschen, die aktive Sterbehilfe erhielten, litten an Krebs oder Erkrankungen des Nervensystems wie Parkinson. In 83 Fällen war psychisches Leiden der Grund für die aktive Sterbehilfe. (aerzteblatt.de, 07.03.2018)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/91650/Mehr-Sterbehilfefaelle-in-den-Niederlanden

The right to health of non-nationals and displaced persons in the sustainable development goals era: challenges for equity in universal health care

Claire E. Brolan, Lisa Forman, Stéphanie Dagron, Rachel Hammonds, Attiya Waris, Lyla Latif and Ana Lorena Ruano

International Journal for Equity in Health2017, 16:14, doi.org/10.1186/s12939-016-0500-z

https://equityhealthj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12939-016-0500-z

The Death Penalty for Drug Offences: Global Overview 2017.

The report examines critical developments on the death penalty for drug offences in law and practice worldwide, revealing one central and unsettling tension: the situation is at once improving and getting worse.

On the one hand, alongside important legal and policy changes, executions for drugs in many High Application States have been steadily declining since 2015. At the same time, political support for the abolition of the death penalty for drug offences has been gathering global momentum. On the other hand, however, these recent signs of progress are being eclipsed by the dramatic surge in extrajudicial executions for drugs in the Philippines, and the ripple effects this is having in the region and beyond. (HRI – Harm reduction International, März 2018)

https://www.hri.global/files/2018/03/06/HRI-Death-Penalty-Report-2018.pdf

Ending the agony - Access to Morphine as an Ethical and human Rights imperative

A summary guide prepared on the occasion of the 37th Session of the Human Rights Council

OPIS - Organisation for the Prevention of Intense Suffering, 2018

http://www.preventsuffering.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Guide-to-morphine-access.pdf

USA. Trump Says He Wants to Execute All Drug Dealers

President Trump has been making some disturbing authoritarian and bloodthirsty private remarks about what he'd like to do to drug dealers, according to a new report from Axios. Worse yet, his dark fulminations may foreshadow some repressive policy prescriptions not too far down the road. (Stop the Drug War, USA, Issue 1012, 26.02.2018)

https://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/2018/feb/26/trump_wants_mass_murder_in_drug_war

USA. Here’s how much marijuana you’d need to be eligible for the death penalty under federal law

Last week Attorney General Jeff Sessions issued a memo encouraging federal prosecutors to seek the death penalty for certain drug trafficking offenses.

Federal law allows for capital punishment in drug trafficking cases involving murder or homicide. But the attorney general also specifically called out one provision that allows for capital punishment in cases involving “extremely large quantities of drugs.” (Washington Post Wonkblog, 26.03.2018)

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/03/26/heres-how-much-marijuana-youd-need-to-be-eligible-for-the-death-penalty-under-federal-law

IRAN. JUSTICE MINISTER EXPECTS FEWER EXECUTIONS UNDER REVISED DRUG LAW

Iran’s justice minister said a recent reform of its drug laws should lead to fewer executions after the U.N. Secretary General said he remained alarmed about their high number - nearly 500 last year. (handsoffcain.info, 28.02.2018)

http://www.handsoffcain.info/notizia/iran-justice-minister-expects-fewer-executions-under-revised-drug-law-40302251

Important patient and public (PPI) perspectives on addiction as a reason for performing euthanasia.

Irving, A. (2018)

Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14193.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/add.14193

UN human rights chief ends visit to Indonesia

The UN High Commissioner on Human Rights called for an end to the death penalty and extrajudicial killings in the name of drug control. (International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), 07.02.2018)

http://idpc.net/alerts/2018/02/un-human-rights-chief-ends-visit-to-indonesia

Niederlande. Dutch doctors euthanise 29-year-old woman with depression

Aurelia Brouwers was physically fit but wanted to end her life due to mental illness

Doctors in Holland have performed the euthanasia of a young woman who was suffering from mental health problems.

Aurelia Brouwers, 29, who was physically fit, was given a lethal injection less than a month after winning an eight-year battle to end her life.

Her bouts of depression, she argued, made her life intolerable and led her to attempt suicide, and commit self-harm and arson.

She also suffered from a borderline personality disorder, addiction and anxiety disorders and claimed to sometimes hear voices. (Catholic Herald, UK, 01.02.2018)

http://catholicherald.co.uk/news/2018/02/01/dutch-doctors-euthanise-29-year-old-woman-with-depression/

Euthanasia and addiction: a comment from the Netherlands.

Boer T.

Addiction. 2018 Feb 21. doi: 10.1111/add.14162.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.14162/epdf

Euthanasia and the nature of suffering in addiction.

Ashcroft RE.

Addiction. 2018 Jan 14. doi: 10.1111/add.14130.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/add.14130

USA. How OTPs Can Help Reduce Stigma: The Boston Experience

Boston is not the only city with a powerful push by academics and providers for medication-assisted treatment (MAT), but it’s definitely one with a high profile. We talked with Janice F. Kauffman, RN, MPH, and Sarah Wakeman, MD, about how opioid treatment programs (OTPs), specifically, can help fight stigma against MAT. (ATForum, USA. 11.02.2018)

http://atforum.com/2018/02/how-otps-can-help-reduce-stigma-the-boston-experience

Russland. The UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Recommends Russia to Change Their Drug Policy Approach

The UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), monitoring the implementation of the Convention by the States Parties, recommended Russia to reconsider their approach to drug policy.

The CRPD was only recently established in the UN – The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities came into effect in 2008. Currently, there are 147 signatories. (Andrej Rylkov Foundation, Russland, 20.03.2018)

http://en.rylkov-fond.org/blog/arf-advocacy/arf-international-advocacy/crpd/

Ian Hamilton: Language alone cannot reduce the stigma that people who use drugs experience

The derogatory language we use to describe people who use drugs is merely a symptom of a deeper problem, says Ian Hamilton. (BMJ Opinion, 17.01.2018)

http://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2018/01/17/ian-hamilton-language-alone-cannot-reduce-the-stigma-that-people-who-use-drugs-experience/

Niederlande. Man in the Netherlands euthanised due to his alcohol addiction

Euthanasia for people in 'unbearable suffering' and no prospect of improvement is legal in the country. (The Independent, UK, 29.11.2016)

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/man-holland-netherlands-dutch-euthanised-alcohol-addiction-alcoholic-netherlands-a7446256.html

Overcoming medication stigma in peer recovery: a new paradigm.

Krawczyk N, Negron T, Nieto M, Agus D, Fingerhood MI.

Subst Abus. 2018 Feb 12:0. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2018.1439798.

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29432086

Opioid use and stigma: The role of gender, language and precipitating events.

Goodyear K, Haass-Koffler CL, Chavanne D.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 Feb 23;185:339-346. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.12.037.

Abstract

http://www.drugandalcoholdependence.com/article/S0376-8716%2818%2930096-6/fulltext