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Bangla Desh. Cabinet clears Narcotics Control Act draft with death penalty for smuggling, selling yaba - The new law will cover all sorts of narcotic substances, says the Cabinet secretary

The Cabinet has approved in principal the draft of Narcotics Control Act 2018, introducing provisions of death sentence as maximum punishment for anyone involved in producing, smuggling, distributing or using over 5 grams of banned drug yaba or amphetamines.

In the new law, life in jail has been proposed as the minimum punishment for the similar offence. (Dhaka Tribune, Bengla Desh, 08.10.2018)

https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/statecraft/2018/10/08/cabinet-clears-narcotics-control-act-draft-with-death-penalty-for-smuggling-selling-yaba

Changing student attitudes and perceptions toward opioid use disorder.

Countey H, Steinbronn C, Grady SE.

Ment Health Clin. 2018 Aug 30;8(5):222-226. doi: 10.9740/mhc.2018.09.222. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6125113/

Philippinen. Philippines Proposes Drug Testing All Children Aged 10 or Over

The Philippines drugs agency has proposed mandatory drug testing for all schoolchildren aged 10 and over.

Aaron Aquino, director of the Philippines Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), has called for the mandatory drug testing of all private and state school students from Grade 4 (aged 9-10) and above. The proposal, if implemented, would also force all schoolteachers to submit to drug testing. (Talking Drugs, UK, 22.06.2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/philippines-proposes-drug-testing-of-all-children-aged-10-or-over

Perceived Stigma in People Living With HIV in Qom.

Pourmarzi D, Khoramirad A, Gaeeni M.

J Family Reprod Health. 2017 Dec;11(4):202-210.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6168756/

China. China Executes 10 People for Non-Violent Drug Offences

Chinese authorities have executed ten people for non-violent drug offences immediately after a public sentencing hearing.

On 23 June, the group – who had been convicted of drug trafficking offences earlier this year – lost their appeal against their death sentences, and were swiftly killed by the state. According to China Daily, all ten people were convicted of producing, owning, and trafficking large quantities of illegal drugs in the appeal trial. The hearing took place in public in the city of Lufeng - in Guangdong province, a coastal region in the southeast of the country. (Talking Drugs, UK, 25.06.2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/china-executes-10-people-for-non-violent-drug-offences

КОСТЯ ПРОЛЕТАРСКИЙ - Анимационный фильм - TRAILER 

19 июня 2009 года Костя Пролетарский, наркопотребитель и ВИЧ-активист, умер от туберкулезного менингита в Боткинской больнице Санкт-Петербурга, в России. Его смерть - результат трехлетнего жестокого обращения и пыток в исправительном учреждении №4 в Карелии. В России, где медикаментозное лечение наркозависимости почти недоступно, тюремное заключение является основным “решением” этой проблемы. Но, к сожалению, подобные учреждения никого не излечивают. Наоборот, тюрьма убивает. Этот анимационный документальный фильм, с оригинальным аудио-интервью с Костей и его матерью Ириной, мы делаем для того, чтобы почтить память Кости Пролетарского и всех тех, кто не выжил в тюрьмах по всему миру. Этот фильм создается организацией Rights Reporter Foundation, историю Кости рассказала Аня Саранг, режиссер фильма Иштван Габор Такач, а нарисовала все это - Лили Ронто. (Drugreporter, Ungarn, 24.09.2018, Trailer, 03:25)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLd0zkf4kPA&feature

A scoping review of the role of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in noncommunicable disease care.

Stockton MA, Giger K, Nyblade L (2018) 

PLoS ONE 13(6): e0199602. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199602

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0199602

Russland. Kostya Proletarsky - The Animated Movie – TRAILER 

On 19 June 2009 Kostya Proletarsky, a drug user and HIV activist, died of tuberculosis meningitis at the Botkin Hospital in St. Petersburg, Russia. His death was the result of three years of mistreatment and torture at the prison facility No. 4 in Karelia, Russia. In Russia, where drug treatment is barely available, imprisonment becomes the main “solution” to the problem of drug addiction. But unfortunately, these institutions don’t cure. Instead, prisons kill. The animated hand drawn documentary, featuring the original audio interview with Kostya and his mother, Irina, aims to commemorate Kostya Proletarsky and many others who have not survived prison systems around the world. The animated movie is produced by the Rights Reporter Foundation, narrated by Anya Sarang, directed by István Gábor Takács, and is hand drawn frame by frame by Lili Rontó. (Drugreporter, Ungarn, 24.09.2018, Trailer, 03:24)

PLEASE SUPPORT THE PRODUCTION OF THE MOVIE HERE: drugreporter.net/kostya

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8vY0q9ocysM&feature

Perceived barriers to methadone maintenance treatment among Iranian opioid users.

Khazaee-Pool M, Moeeni M, Ponnet K, Fallahi A, Jahangiri L, Pashaei T.

Int J Equity Health. 2018 Jun 11;17(1):75. doi: 10.1186/s12939-018-0787-z.

https://equityhealthj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12939-018-0787-z

Implementation of the joint commitment to effectively addressing and countering the world drug problem with regard to human rights

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Summary: The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 37/42. The report discusses the implementation of the joint commitment of States to effectively address and counter the world drug problem with regard to human rights. (Human Rights Council, Thirty Ninth session, 10–28 September 2018, Agenda items 2 and 3, Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the High Commissioner and the Secretary-General)

http://fileserver.idpc.net/library/A_HRC_39_39.pdf

Organ donations from overdose deaths on the rise but stigma remains.

Owens B.

CMAJ. 2018 Jun 4;190(22):E698-E699. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.109-5608. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5988527/

Malaysia. Death Sentence for Malaysia Man Who Gave Patients Free Cannabis Oil

A man has been sentenced to death in Malaysia for processing cannabis oil and distributing it to patients in need.

On 30 August, the Shah Alam High Court sentenced Muhammad Lukman to death by hanging, after he was convicted of possessing, processing, and distributing cannabis oil. Three litres of cannabis oil and 279 grams of compressed cannabis were found in his home, according to local sources.

Lukman, a 29-year-old father of one, provided cannabis oil to patients who were suffering from ailments that were difficult to treat with legal medicines. Lukman did not profit from this, and would provide cannabis oil for free to patients who could not afford it. Despite the lack of financial gain from his endeavour, his offences fall under section 39B of Malaysia’s Dangerous Drugs Act 1952. This stipulates that “Any person who [traffics an illegal drug] shall be guilty of an offence against this Act and shall be punished on conviction with death”. Talking Drugs, UK, 04.09.2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/death-sentence-for-malaysia-man-who-gave-patients-free-cannabis-oil

USA. 150 Organizations Condemn Trump's Call for Drugs Death Penalty, While Reformers Rally

More Than 150 Organizations Condemn President Trump's Call to Execute People for Nonviolent Drug Offenses

UN to Release Annual "World Drug Report" While Reformers Rally Worldwide

Groups Accuse Singapore of Using False Drug Use Data to Justify Death Penalty

(StoptheDrugWar.org, USA, 27.06.2018)

https://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/2018/jun/27/150_organizations_condemn_trumps

“They don’t like us….”: Barriers to antiretroviral and opioid substitution therapy among homeless HIV positive people who inject drugs in Delhi: A mixed method study.

Kumar S, Gupte HA, Isaakidis P, Mishra JK, Munjattu JF (2018) 

PLoS ONE 13(8): e0203262. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203262

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0203262

USA. Methadone Patients Don’t Feel “Disabled,” But They Do Have a Protected “Disability” Under the ADA

Patients in opioid treatment programs (OTPs) are protected under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). This means that an employer can’t refuse to hire them just because they are in treatment with methadone. It means that towns can’t enact anti-OTP ordinances that make it impossible to site facilities. Do these things still happen? Yes, but the ADA protects against it. (AT Forum, USA, 18.06.2018)

http://atforum.com/2018/06/methadone-patients-dont-feel-disabled-but-they-do-have-a-protected-disability-under-the-ada/

Scientific evidence against HIV criminalisation

Becky McCall

The Lancet,Volume 392, ISSUE 10147, P543-544, August 18, 2018, doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31732-X

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)31732-X/fulltext

USA. There's No Such Thing as a Baby Opioid Addict

“They can be born dependent on a substance, but there is a difference between dependence and addiction.”

(...) The distinction matters for opioid-exposed babies for a number of reasons. One reason is that addiction can be managed, but it doesn't have a cure, says Robert Newman, president emeritus of Beth Israel Medical Center. That can lead some people to think that once babies are "addicted," they're addicted for life. The label can impact them from their earliest experiences. 

"It has enormous potential harm to the babies, as the baby grows up, and to the family because of the stigma of the term 'addict,'" Newman says. "If the baby applies to kindergarten and the parent is asked about health issues and the parent says, 'the baby was born addicted,' that's the kiss of death. A lot of parents don't want their child sitting next to an addict." (vice.com, USA, 08.11.2017)

https://tonic.vice.com/en_us/article/bj75n5/baby-opioid-addicts-dont-exist

Language: Abandoning “Addiction”

(...) There are a thousand reason to reject “addiction.” It is imprecise. It is laden with value judgements. It is embedded in a history of religious rhetoric. It cannot be separated from largely fact-free government propaganda campaigns, not to mention the newspapers archives that are filled with word, usually within graphic and hysterical accounts that have little basis in reality. (Points: The Blog of the Alcohol & Drugs History Society, USA, 28.08.2018)

https://pointsadhsblog.wordpress.com/2018/08/28/language-abandoning-addiction/

USA. Stop labeling babies as 'born addicted' — it stigmatizes them and is inaccurate

(...) Saying that babies are born with addiction stigmatizes the very babies that Brown seeks to help. As Robert Newman, president emeritus of Beth Israel Medical Center, tells Tonic, the label can harm the babies and their families because of the stigma associated with the word "addict." Newman points out that, as a child grows, this label is “the kiss of death. A lot of parents don’t want their child sitting next to an addict.” (The Hill, USA, 19.06.2018)

http://thehill.com/opinion/healthcare/392851-stop-labeling-babies-as-born-addicted-it-stigmatizes-them-and-is

Addiction as a disease: Mitigating or fuelling stigma?

Trujols Albet J, Allende Leal S.

Adicciones. 2018 Jul 12;30(3):225-226. doi: 10.20882/adicciones.1082. English, Spanish. 

http://adicciones.es/index.php/adicciones/article/view/1082

USA. A new study shows stigma is hurting our response to the opioid epidemic

Needle exchanges and safe injection sites have decades of evidence behind them — but not public support. (vox.com, USA, 07.06.2018)

https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2018/6/7/17434480/needle-exchange-safe-injection-site-stigma-study

Measuring intersecting stigma among key populations living with HIV: implementing the people living with HIV Stigma Index 2.0.

Friedland BA, Sprague L, Nyblade L, Baral SD, Pulerwitz J, Gottert A, Amanyeiwe U, Cheng A, Mallouris C, Anam F, Jackson A, Geibel S.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 Jul;21 Suppl 5:e25131. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25131. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055043/

Iran. Iran Drug Executions Fall by 99% Following Legal Amendment

The implementation of the death penalty for drug offences has all but ended in Iran, although human rights advocates continue to express concern at the judicial system’s response to drugs.

One person has been executed for drug offences in Iran since the beginning of 2018, while at least 112 were killed by the state for such crimes during the same period in 2017, according to non-profit organisation Iran Human Rights (IHR). This dramatic shift is largely the result of an amendment to the national drug legislation that came into force in November 2017. (Talking Drugs, UK, 29.05.2018)

https://www.talkingdrugs.org/iran-drug-executions-fall-by-99-percent

The Lancet-EASL Commission on liver diseases in Europe: overcoming unmet needs, stigma, and inequities.

Manns MP, Burra P, Sargent J, Horton R, Karlsen TH.

Lancet. 2018 Jul 27. pii: S0140-6736(18)31734-3. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31734-3.

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)31734-3/fulltext

Intensity of previous teaching but not diagnostic skills influences stigmatization of patients with substance use disorder by general practice residents. A vignette study among French final-year residents in general practice.

Dupouy J, Vergnes A, Laporte C, Kinouani S, Auriacombe M, Oustric S, Rougé Bugat ME.

Eur J Gen Pract. 2018 Dec;24(1):160-166. doi: 10.1080/13814788.2018.1470239.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13814788.2018.1470239

Stigma-Busting: Sharing the Good News of Recovery at a Professional Level

Stigma has many targets. It reaches beyond people addicted to various drugs to affect family members and those providing addiction treatment and recovery support services. Such secondary stigma, for example, is the source of the peculiar pecking order within the addictions field through which status (or stigma) is bestowed across varied settings based on one’s recovery status or lack of recovery experience. It also is the source of coded conversations between those working in the addictions field and members of the larger community. As a result, addiction professionals and recovery support specialists may find their legitimacy, their value, and even their sanity challenged by professional peers and by members of the larger culture. The ways in which we respond within such conversations can mark an appeasement (passivity in the face of insult or aggression) or a challenge to addiction-related stigma. (William L. White, Blog & New Postings, USA, 27.07.2018)

http://www.williamwhitepapers.com/blog/2018/07/stigma-busting-sharing-the-good-news-of-recovery-at-a-professional-level.html

Stigma and prejudice: the experience of crack users.

Bard ND, Antunes B, Roos CM, Olschowsky A, de Pinho LB.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2016;24:e2680. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.0852.2680.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4809178/

Evaluation of a guideline developed to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination in healthcare settings and establishing consensus.

Feyissa GT, Lockwood C, Woldie M, Munn Z (2018) 

PLoS ONE 13(7): e0198781. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198781

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0198781

USA. People taking medication to treat opioid addiction face stigma that they're not 'fully recovered' 

(...) The problem: Some people still can’t accept the idea of using drugs to get off drugs, even though recovery medicines used as directed do not help patients get high. Rather, they ease symptoms such as cravings.

Fed up with the stigma against MAT, Megan McAllister, a certified recovery specialist at Prevention Point, recently started a 12-step meeting for people on methadone, buprenorphine or naltrexone, the three primary drugs prescribed for opioid recovery. (The Philadelphia Inquirer, USA, 10.05.2018)

http://www.philly.com/philly/health/addiction/medication-assisted-treatment-stigma-12-steps-opioid-addiction-20180510.html

Iran. Iranian man flogged 80 times for drinking alcohol as a child

Amnesty International has condemned the Iranian authorities for publicly flogging a man who was convicted of consuming alcohol when he was 14 or 15. (BBC, 12.07.2018)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-44806039

“Who has ever loved a drug addict? It’s a lie. They think a ‘teja’ is as bad person”: multiple stigmas faced by women who inject drugs in coastal Kenya

Gitau Mburu,Sylvia Ayon,Alexander C. Tsai,James Ndimbii,Bangyuan Wang,Steffanie Strathdeeand Janet Seeley

Harm Reduction Journal2018 15:29, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0235-9

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-018-0235-9

USA. Drug company lawsuit stalls Nevada inmate's opioid execution

A Nevada execution, which would have been the first in the US to use the synthetic opioid fentanyl, has been delayed by a judge.

Pharmaceutical firm Alvogen argued the state had illegitimately obtained one of its drugs and that the proposed drug combination was untested in executions. (BBC, 11.07.2018)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-44797905

Stigma associated with medication treatment for young adults with opioid use disorder: a case series.

Hadland SE, Park TW, Bagley SM.

Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2018 May 7;13(1):15. doi: 10.1186/s13722-018-0116-2.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937046/

Amnesty International movement adopts new policy positions on abortion and drug control

Amnesty International has adopted new proposals to tackle the devastating human rights consequences of misguided attempts by countries to criminalise and restrict abortion and to punish people for using drugs. (amnesty international, 09.07.2018)

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/07/amnesty-international-adopts-abortion-and-drug-control-stance/

Bangla Desh. Bangladesh's Philippines-style drugs war creating 'atmosphere of terror' 

Human rights activists say campaign, in which 50 people shot dead in a week, is politically motivated. (The Guardian, UK, 25.05.2018)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/25/bangladeshs-philippines-style-drugs-war-creating-atmosphere-of-terror

Russland. AIDS deaths surge in Russia as global health officials say 'they did it all wrong' (Video)

Central Asia and Eastern Europe have the world’s fastest growing HIV epidemic, and Russia accounts for more than 80 percent of those infections. As at-risk groups like injection drug users are stigmatized and ignored, health officials say the death toll will soon top 30,000 lives per year. William Brangham reports in the first of the NewsHour series, "The End of AIDS: Far from Over." (PBS, 11.06.2018, Video, 09:57)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rm67TPW-lIo