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Amnesty International: Death penalty in 2018: Facts and figures

(...) At least 98 executionswere known to have been carried out for drug-related offences in 4 countries– 14% of the global total and down from 28% in 2017. At least 226 of such death sentences were known to have been imposed in 14 countries. (Amnesty International, 10.04.2019)

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/04/death-penalty-facts-and-figures-2018/

International guidelines on human rights and drug policy

International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy, UNAIDS, WHO, UNDP

2019

https://www.humanrights-drugpolicy.org/site/assets/files/1/hrdp_guidelines_2019.pdf

International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy

Mission Statement:

The International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy is dedicated to the study of human rights law and drug policies and programmes in order to

- Promote and disseminate international legal scholarship and research on human rights and drug policy

- Highlight the obligations of all governments and international organisations to respect, protect and fulfil human rights in the context of drug policy

- Promote a human rights-based approach to drug policy

The International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy fulfills its mission through research, teaching, and policy development.

https://www.hr-dp.org/

UNAIDS. Promises to improve health outcomes for people who inject drugs remain unfulfilled as 99% do not have adequate access to harm reduction services 

New report by UNAIDS highlights the urgent need to implement a human rights and evidence-informed approach to reach people who inject drugs with essential health services. (UNAIDS, Genf, 13.03.2019)

http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/pressreleaseandstatementarchive/2019/march/20190313_drugs_report

UNAIDS. HEALTH, RIGHTS AND DRUGS - HARM REDUCTION, DECRIMINALIZATION AND ZERO DISCRIMINATION FOR PEOPLE WHO USE DRUGS

(UNAIDS, 2019)

http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/JC2954_UNAIDS_drugs_report_2019_en.pdf

HIV-Diskriminierung und Datenschutz: HIV-Datenleck in Singapur - Der Skandal ist die Diskriminierung

In Singapur sind Daten von 14.200 Menschen mit HIV öffentlich geworden. Gedeihen konnte das Datendesaster vor allem, weil im Stadtstaat ein extrem konservatives Klima herrscht. (DAH, magazin.hiv, 25.02.2019)

https://magazin.hiv/2019/02/25/hiv-datenleck-in-singapur/

A new brief opioid stigma scale to assess perceived public attitudes and internalized stigma: Evidence for construct validity.

Yang LH, Grivel MM, Anderson B, Bailey GL, Opler M, Wong LY, Stein MD.

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2019 Apr;99:44-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2019.01.005. 

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30797393

The Death Penalty for Drug Offences: Global Overview 2018.

The death penalty for drug offences is a clear violation of international human rights law. Numerous international authorities and legal scholars have reaffirmed this point, including the UN Human Rights Committee as recently as 2018.

Since Harm Reduction International began monitoring the use of this abhorrent practice in 2007, annual implementation of the death penalty for drug offences has fluctuated markedly. Over 4,000 people were executed globally for these offences between 2008 and 2018, with executions hitting a peak above 750 in 2015 (excluding China and Vietnam, where these figures are a state secret). Notably, 2018 figures show a significant downward trend, with known executions falling below 100 globally. (HRI – Harm Reduction International, Februar 2019)

https://www.hri.global/files/2019/02/22/HRI_DeathPenaltyReport_2019.pdf

International AIDS Society. Getting to the Heart of Stigma

“THE PERSISTENCE OF STIGMA IN THE CONTEXT OF HIV ALSO CAUSES IMMENSE HUMAN HARDSHIP AND DIMINISHES US AS A GLOBAL COMMUNITY.”

IAS – International AIDS Society, Annual Letter, Februar 2019-03-02

https://www.iasociety.org/Who-we-are/About-the-IAS/Annual-Letter-2019

“Maybe if I stop the drugs, then maybe they’d care?”—hospital care experiences of people who use drugs

Soo Chan Carusone, Adrian Guta, Samantha Robinson, Darrell H. Tan, Curtis Cooper, Bill O’Leary, Karen de Prinse, Grant Cobb, Ross Upshur and Carol Strike 

Harm Reduction Journal 2019, 16:16, doi.org/10.1186/s12954-019-0285-7

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0285-7

Sri Lanka. Makabere Stellenausschreibung: Henker gesucht 

Sri Lanka will zurück zur Todesstrafe und sucht einen Vollstrecker. Doch das Beispiel Philippinen zeigt: Ein brutaler und gnadenloser Staat ist nutzlos im Kampf gegen Drogenkriminalität. (Süddeutsche Zeitung, 15.02.2019)

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/panorama/sri-lanka-drogen-todesstrafe-1.4331305

USA. Black Americans and HIV/AIDS: The Basics

Key Facts:

- Black Americans have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS since the epidemic’s beginning, and that disparity has deepened over time. 

- Although they represent only 12% of the U.S. population, Blacks account for a much larger share of HIV diagnoses (43%), people estimated to be living with HIV disease (42%), and deaths among people with HIV (43%) than any other racial/ethnic group in the U.S. 

- Among Black Americans, Black women, youth, and gay and bisexual men have been especially hard hit. 

- A number of challenges contribute to the epidemic among Blacks, including poverty, lack of access to health care, higher rates of some sexually transmitted infections and smaller sexual networks, lack of awareness of HIV status, and stigma. 

- Despite this impact, recent data indicate some encouraging trends, including declining new HIV diagnoses among Blacks overall, especially among women, and a leveling off of new diagnoses among Black gay and bisexual men. However, given the epidemic’s continued and disproportionate impact among Blacks, a continued focus is critical to addressing HIV in the United States. (KFF – Kaiser Family Foundation, USA, 07.02.2019)

https://www.kff.org/hivaids/fact-sheet/black-americans-and-hivaids-the-basics

Ägypten. Egypt's Cabinet approves bill executing narcotics smugglers

CAIRO. The Egyptian government approved on Wednesday a bill that stipulates sentencing to death those who"import or export synthetic substances that cause harm to the body, mind or the nervous system," in efforts to limit prohibited drug trade. (Egypt Today, 30.01.2019)

http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/64077/Egypt-s-Cabinet-approves-bill-executing-narcotics-smugglers

Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka to begin hangings within months, ending 43-year stay on executions 

Crackdown inspired by Philippines’ war on drugs comes as president Maithripala Sirisena faces tough election. (The Guardian, UK, 07.02.2019)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/07/sri-lanka-to-begin-hangings-within-months-ending-43-year-stay-on-executions

"Like being put on an ice floe and shoved away": A qualitative study of the impacts of opioid-related policy changes on people who take opioids.

Antoniou T, Ala-Leppilampi K, Shearer D, Parsons JA, Tadrous M, Gomes T.

Int J Drug Policy. 2019 Jan 24;66:15-22. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.01.015. 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955395919300234

Reducing HIV-related stigma and discrimination in healthcare settings: A systematic review of quantitative evidence. 

Feyissa GT, Lockwood C, Woldie M, Munn Z (2019) 

PLoS ONE 14(1): e0211298. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211298

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211298

A qualitative study on intersectional stigma and sexual health among women on opioid substitution treatment in England: Implications for research, policy and practice.

Medina-Perucha L, Scott J, Chapman S, Barnett J, Dack C, Family H.

Soc Sci Med. 2019 Jan 17;222:315-322. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.01.022.

Abstract

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S027795361930022X

Assessing Mental Illness Stigma: A Complex Issue.

Mannarini S, Rossi A.

Front Psychol. 2019 Jan 11;9:2722. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02722. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336735/

Instruments to assess mental health-related stigma among health professionals and students in health sciences: a systematic psychometric review.

Sastre-Rus M, García-Lorenzo A, Lluch-Canut MT, Tomás-Sábado J, Zabaleta-Del-Olmo E.

J Adv Nurs. 2019 Jan 29. doi: 10.1111/jan.13960. [Epub ahead of print] Review.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30697780

The development and psychometric properties of a new scale to measure mental illness related stigma by health care providers: the Opening Minds Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC). 

Kassam A, Papish A, Modgill G, Patten S. 

BMC Psychiatry. 2012;12:62. Published 2012 Jun 13. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-62

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3681304/

Responding to experienced and anticipated discrimination (READ): anti -stigma training for medical students towards patients with mental illness - study protocol for an international multisite non-randomised controlled study.

Deb T, Lempp H, Bakolis I, Vince T, Waugh W, Henderson C; INDIGO READ study group.

BMC Med Educ. 2019 Jan 31;19(1):41. doi: 10.1186/s12909-019-1472-7.

https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909-019-1472-7

Barriers to Post-Acute Care for Patients on Opioid Agonist Therapy; An Example of Systematic Stigmatization of Addiction.

Wakeman SE, Rich JD.

J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Jan;32(1):17-19. doi: 10.1007/s11606-016-3799-7.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5215148/

USA. Doctors Call California’s Probe Of Opioid Deaths A ‘Witch Hunt’

The Medical Board of California has launched investigations into doctors who prescribed opioids to patients who, perhaps months or years later, fatally overdosed.

The effort, dubbed “the Death Certificate Project,” has sparked a conflict with physicians in California and beyond, in part because the doctors being investigated did not necessarily write the prescriptions leading to a death. The project is one of a kind nationally, although a much more limited program is operated by North Carolina’s board. (californiahealthline.org, USA, 22.01.2019)

https://californiahealthline.org/news/death-certificate-project-california-investigation-opioid-deaths-called-witch-hunt-by-prescribing-doctors

USA. Racial disparities in opioid treatment completion across U.S. cities

When policymakers decide how to help more people with opioid use disorder enter and finish treatment, race is a necessary factor to consider. In the United States, black and Hispanic people with substance use disorders experience more barriers to receiving treatment and complete treatment less often compared to white people. This information is presented on a national level and doesn’t communicate important regional variations in treatment services and patient demographics that likely relate to completion rates. This week, STASH reviews a study by Gerald Stahler and Jeremy Mennis that examined how completion of treatment for opioid use disorder differs by race across U.S. cities. (STASH, Vol.15(1) – Division on Addiction, Cambridge Health Alliance, a Harvard Medical School teaching hospital, USA, 22.01.2019)

https://www.basisonline.org/2019/01/racial-disparities-opioid-treatment-us-cities.html

Stigma against patients with HIV/AIDS in the rapid expansion of antiretroviral treatment in large drug injection-driven HIV epidemics of Vietnam

Phung Quoc Tat Than, Bach Xuan Tran, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Nu Thi Truong, Thao Phuong Thi Thai, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S. H. Ho and Roger C. M. Ho

Harm Reduction Journal 2019, 16:6, .doi.org/10.1186/s12954-019-0277-7

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-019-0277-7

China. Cai Dongjia: China's 'godfather of crystal meth' executed

The former Communist Party chief of a Chinese village once notorious for its drug production has been executed, Chinese state media report. (BBC, 17.01.2019)

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-46904901

USA. Fifteen Examples of Discrimination Against People With Substance Use Disorders

In light of the imminent threats to the confidentiality of substance use disorder patients, Legal Action Center, along with Faces and Voices of Recovery, has documented some of the impacts of stigmatization and discrimination due to SUD treatment. (Filter Magazine, USA, 17.01.2019)

https://filtermag.org/2019/01/17/fifteen-examples-of-discrimination-against-people-with-substance-use-disorders/

China. Wegen Drogenschmuggels: Chinesisches Gericht verurteilt Kanadier zum Tode 

In einem ersten Prozess hatte er Medienberichten zufolge eine Haftstrafe von 15 Jahren auferlegt bekommen. Nun hat ein chinesisches Gericht einen Kanadier wegen Drogenschmuggels zum Tode verurteilt. (Spiegel online, 14.01.2019)

http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/wegen-drogenschmuggels-chinesisches-gericht-verurteilt-kanadier-zum-tode-a-1247982.html

HIV-Travel-Regulations/Restrictions worldwide

There are many countries around the world that restrict the entry, residence and stay of foreigners who are HIV positive. These countries perpetuate stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV by singling out HIV as a “dangerous disease”. (Stand 2019)

http://hivtravel.org/

DAH.Schnellfinder Einreise- und Aufenthaltsbestimmungen für Menschen mit HIV und Aids

(DAH – Deutsche AIDS-Hilfe, 2018)

https://www.aidshilfe.de/shop/pdf/7698