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The value of open-source clinical science in pandemic response: lessons from ISARIC

The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Volume 0, Issue 0 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(21)00565-X/fulltext

Kratom Use Within the Context of the Evolving Opioid Crisis and the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States. 

Prozialeck WC, Lamar PC, Krupp M 2nd, Moon M, Phelps LE, Grundmann O. 

Front Pharmacol. 2021 Aug 26;12:729220. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.729220. PMID: 34512353; PMCID: PMC8427750.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8427750/

Serious health threats of novel adulterants of the street heroin: a report from India during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Mahintamani T, Ghosh A, Jain R. 

BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Aug 25;14(8):e242239. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2021-242239. PMID: 34433525; PMCID: PMC8388263.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8388263/

'Empathy Fatigue' in Clinicians Rises With Latest COVID-19 Surge

(…) Amid yet another surge in COVID-19 cases around the United States, clinicians are speaking out about their growing frustration with this preventable crisis.

Some are using the terms "empathy fatigue" and "compassion fatigue" — a sense that they are losing empathy for unvaccinated individuals who are fueling the pandemic.

Erickson says she is frustrated not by individual patients but by a system that has allowed disinformation to proliferate. Experts say these types of feelings fit into a widespread pattern of physician burnout that has taken a new turn at this stage of the pandemic. (Medscape, USA, 16.09.2021)

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/958890

A Global Survey on Changes in the Supply, Price, and Use of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol, and Related Complications During the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic. 

Farhoudian A, Radfar SR, Mohaddes Ardabili H, Rafei P, Ebrahimi M, Khojasteh Zonoozi A, De Jong CAJ, Vahidi M, Yunesian M, Kouimtsidis C, Arunogiri S, Hansen H, Brady KT; ISAM Global Survey Consortium (ISAM-GSC), Potenza MN, Baldacchino AM, Ekhtiari H. 

Front Psychiatry. 2021 Aug 6;12:646206. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.646206. PMID: 34421664; PMCID: PMC8377291.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8377291/

Law, criminalisation and HIV in the world: have countries that criminalise achieved more or less successful pandemic response?

Kavanagh MM, Agbla SC, Joy M, et al.

BMJ Global Health 2021;6:e006315. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006315

http://fileserver.idpc.net/library/e006315.full.pdf

UK. A Social Media Toolkit for Healthcare Practitioners – desktop - Tackling COVID-19 misinformation

Ensuring communities have access to lifesaving public health information from trusted sources and are not misled by misinformation is essential to ending the COVID-19 pandemic.
In an effort to empower doctors and nurses – some of the most effective and trusted messengers of public health information – to actively address COVID-19 misinformation and build vaccine confidence globally, the WHO welcomes this social media toolkit for healthcare practitioners, developed by the Government of the United Kingdom. (WHO, 04.08.2021)

https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/a-social-media-toolkit-for-healthcare-practitioners---desktop

New Psychoactive Substances consumption and their monitoing during Covid-19 pandemic. 

Di Trana A, La Maida N. 

Clin Ter. 2021 Jul 5;172(4):271-272. doi: 10.7417/CT.2021.2330. PMID: 34247209.

https://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/2021/172/4/7_DI%20TRANA.pdf

Changes in illicit drug use and markets with the COVID-19 pandemic and associated restrictions: findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System, 2016–20.

Price, O., Man, N., Bruno, R., Dietze, P., Salom, C., Lenton, S., Grigg, J., Gibbs, D., Wilson, T., Degenhardt, L., Chan, R., Thomas, N., and Peacock, A. (2021) 

Addiction, XXX, doi.org/10.1111/add.15620

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/showCitFormats?doi=10.1111%2Fadd.15620

UN-Bericht: Coronakrise treibt mehr Menschen zum Drogenmissbrauch

Wien – Die Coronakrise treibt einem UN-Bericht zufolge mehr Menschen zum Drogenmissbrauch. Durch die Pandemie verstärkte Faktoren für Drogensucht wie Ungleichheit, Armut und psychische Probleme würden die Lage voraussichtlich „auf Jahre hinaus“ verschlimmern, warnt das UN-Büro für Drogen- und Verbrechensbekämpfung (UNODC) in seinem Weltdrogenbericht 2021, der heute in Wien vorgestellt wurde. (aerzteblatt.de, 24.06.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/125022/UN-Bericht-Coronakrise-treibt-mehr-Menschen-zum-Drogenmissbrauch

Open science saves lives: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Besançon, L., Peiffer-Smadja, N., Segalas, C. et al. 

BMC Med Res Methodol 21, 117 (2021). doi.org/10.1186/s12874-021-01304-y

https://bmcmedresmethodol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12874-021-01304-y

Mehr Fälle von Kindesmissbrauch und Rassismus während Coronapandemie

Wien – Die EU-Agentur für Grundrechte (FRA) hat als Folge der Coronapandemie beispiellose und tiefgreifende Auswirkungen auf die Menschenrechte im Jahr 2020 festgestellt. Fälle von häuslicher Gewalt und Kindesmissbrauch sowie Rassismus hätten zugenommen und besonders ohnehin gefährdete Gruppen getroffen, erklärte die Agentur heute in ihrem Jahresbericht. In Deutschland stieg die Zahl der Anrufe bei der Hotline für Betroffene von häuslicher Gewalt zwischen März und Juni des vergangenen Jahres um 20 Prozent, wie die Agentur mitteilte. (aerzteblatt.de, 09.06.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/124551/Mehr-Faelle-von-Kindesmissbrauch-und-Rassismus-waehrend-Coronapandemie

Markt für illegale Drogen widerstandsfähig gegen Corona

Lissabon – Der europäische Markt für illegale Drogen hat sich als widerstandsfähig gegen Störungen durch die Coronapandemie erwiesen. Die Risiken für die öffentliche Gesundheit nahmen sogar eher noch zu, da mehr Stoffe mit teils sehr hoher Wirksamkeit und Reinheit registriert wurden, wie die EU-Drogenbeobachtungsstelle (EMCDDA) in ihrem heute in Lissabon vorgestellten Europäischen Drogenbericht 2021 betonte. (aerzteblatt.de, 09.06.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/124518/Markt-fuer-illegale-Drogen-widerstandsfaehig-gegen-Corona

Evolution of the Illegal Substances Market and Substance Users' Social Situation and Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic. 

Gaume J, Schmutz E, Daeppen JB, Zobel F.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 May 7;18(9):4960. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18094960. PMID: 34066941; PMCID: PMC8125553.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8125553/

Changes in drug use in European cities during early COVID-19 lockdowns - A snapshot from wastewater analysis. 

Been F, Emke E, Matias J, Baz-Lomba JA, Boogaerts T, Castiglioni S, Campos-Mañas M, Celma A, Covaci A, de Voogt P, Hernández F, Kasprzyk-Hordern B, Laak TT, Reid M, Salgueiro-González N, Steenbeek R, van Nuijs ALN, Zuccato E, Bijlsma L. 

Environ Int. 2021 Aug;153:106540. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2021.106540. Epub 2021 Mar 26. PMID: 33838618; PMCID: PMC7997602.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7997602/

How harm reduction advocates and the tobacco industry capitalized on pandemic to promote nicotine 

Scientific papers suggesting that smokers are less likely to fall ill with COVID-19 are being discredited as links to the tobacco industry, reveals an investigation by The BMJ today. (BMJ – British Medical Journal, UK, 02.06.2021)

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-06/b-hhr060121.php

Changes in substance supply and use characteristics among people who use drugs (PWUD) during the COVID-19 global pandemic: A national qualitative assessment in Canada. 

Ali F, Russell C, Nafeh F, Rehm J, LeBlanc S, Elton-Marshall T. 

Int J Drug Policy. 2021 Apr 10:103237. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103237. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33893026.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955395921001420

Adulterants in Street Drugs Tied to Increased COVID Risk - Medscape - May 12, 2021.

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/951010

“The Rapidly Changing Composition of the Global Street Drug Supply and Its Effects on High-Risk Groups for COVID-19”, 

Thom Browne*, Mark S. Gold and David M. Martin, 

Current Psychopharmacology (2021) 10: 1. doi.org/10.2174/2211556010666210125124645 

https://www.eurekaselect.com/node/190669/article/the-rapidly-changing-composition-of-the-global-street-drug-supply-and-its-effects-on-high-risk-groups-for-covid-19

Health Care Worker Strikes and the Covid Pandemic. 

Essex R, Weldon SM. 

N Engl J Med. 2021 Apr 7. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2103327. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33826818.

https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMp2103327

Impact of COVID-19 on drug markets, use, harms and drug services in the community and prisons

Summary

Since early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a dramatic impact on the way we live, with European countries having to introduce unprecedented measures to protect public health. As with all areas of life, drug consumption, related harms and drug markets have been impacted, as have the services established to respond to drug-related problems. During the first weeks of the pandemic, the EMCDDA instigated two rapid assessment studies to identify the initial impact and implications of COVID-19.

This current study, conducted between January and March 2021, is a follow-up to the two previous assessments and aims to revisit the initial findings from the earlier studies and identify any signs of further developments in this area. The results from this study provide a first glimpse into new developments emerging both during and in response to the pandemic, and which could have important implications for the future. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, April 2021)

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/publications/13745/TD0321143ENN_002.pdf

WHO. COVID-19 continues to disrupt essential health services in 90% of countries

Some signs of recovery emerging but major efforts required to restore and strengthen health services. (WHO, 23.04.2021)

https://www.who.int/news/item/23-04-2021-covid-19-continues-to-disrupt-essential-health-services-in-90-of-countries

Covid, cocaine take Europe to ‘breaking point’, says Europol

The coronavirus pandemic could fuel organised crime for years to come in Europe, a continent already at “breaking point” from an unprecedented flood of cocaine, the EU’s policing agency warned Monday (12 April). (euractiv.com, 12.04.2021)

https://www.euractiv.com/section/justice-home-affairs/news/covid-cocaine-take-europe-to-breaking-point-says-europol/

UK. Drugs in the Time of COVID: Interim Report (April 2021)

Since the beginning of the first national coronavirus lockdown, Release has operated a public, online survey designed to monitor how people are buying their drugs. The purpose of this survey, which is open to anyone residing in the UK over the age of 18, is to determine the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic, and corresponding restrictions, have had on buying illegal substances. In the same way that the COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly impacted all aspects of our lives, it is reasonable to expect that with lockdowns and global restrictions on movement, the drug market will also be impacted. (Release, UK, April 2021)

https://www.release.org.uk/publications/covid-drugs-market-survey

Lessons from the influx of preprints during the early COVID-19 pandemic

Brierley, Liam

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, Issue 3, e115 - e117 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanplh/article/PIIS2542-5196(21)00011-5/fulltext

UK. Drugs in the Time of COVID: Interim Report

Since the beginning of the first national coronavirus lockdown, Release has operated a public, online survey designed to monitor how people are buying their drugs. The purpose of this survey, which is open to anyone residing in the UK over the age of 18, is to determine the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic, and corresponding restrictions, have had on buying illegal substances. In the same way that the COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly impacted all aspects of our lives, it is reasonable to expect that with lockdowns and global restrictions on movement, the drug market will also be impacted. (Release, UK, Februar 2021)

https://www.release.org.uk/publications/covid-drugs-market-survey

Coronapandemie mobilisierte Forschung

(…) Außerdem seien bis Ende November etwa 75.000 wissenschaftliche Publikationen zu COVID-19 erschienen, die meisten Beiträge seien aus den USA und China veröffentlicht worden. Auf der ganzen Welt hätten Forschungsdatenbanken und wissenschaftliche Verlage den Informationsaustausch gefördert, in dem sie etwa Bezahlschranken für Veröffentlichungen entfernten. (aerzteblatt.de, 28.01.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/120587/Coronapandemie-mobilisierte-Forschung

Reducing stigma and discrimination associated with COVID-19: early stage pandemic rapid review and practical recommendations.

Gronholm PC, Nosé M, van Brakel WH, Eaton J, Ebenso B, Fiekert K, Hanna F, Milenova M, Sunkel C, Barbui C, Thornicroft G. 

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2021 Jan 28:1-23. doi: 10.1017/S2045796021000056. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33504412.

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/epidemiology-and-psychiatric-sciences/article/reducing-stigma-and-discrimination-associated-with-covid19-early-stage-pandemic-rapid-review-and-practical-recommendations/28A0BC515B698E3669FA842191027B6B

Anxiety and Panic Buying Behaviour during COVID-19 Pandemic—A Qualitative Analysis of Toilet Paper Hoarding Contents on Twitter. 

Leung J, Chung JYC, Tisdale C, Chiu V, Lim CCW, Chan G.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1127. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031127 

https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/3/1127/htm

Coronapandemie senkt Nachfrage nach HIV-Präexpositionsprophylaxe

Berlin – Die Nachfrage nach der Präexpositionsprophylaxe (PrEP) ist in der Coronapandemie deutlich zurückgegangen. Das zeigt eine interne Abfrage des Robert-Koch-Instituts (RKI) unter Einrichtungen, die PrEP verschreiben, wie aus einer Antwort der Bundesregierung auf eine Kleine Anfrage der FDP-Fraktion im Bundestag hervorgeht. Demnach hat die Nachfrage nach PrEP bei 76 Prozent der Zentren abgenommen. (aerzteblatt.de, 04.02.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/120826/Coronapandemie-senkt-Nachfrage-nach-HIV-Praeexpositionsprophylaxe