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Coronapandemie mobilisierte Forschung

(…) Außerdem seien bis Ende November etwa 75.000 wissenschaftliche Publikationen zu COVID-19 erschienen, die meisten Beiträge seien aus den USA und China veröffentlicht worden. Auf der ganzen Welt hätten Forschungsdatenbanken und wissenschaftliche Verlage den Informationsaustausch gefördert, in dem sie etwa Bezahlschranken für Veröffentlichungen entfernten. (aerzteblatt.de, 28.01.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/120587/Coronapandemie-mobilisierte-Forschung

Reducing stigma and discrimination associated with COVID-19: early stage pandemic rapid review and practical recommendations.

Gronholm PC, Nosé M, van Brakel WH, Eaton J, Ebenso B, Fiekert K, Hanna F, Milenova M, Sunkel C, Barbui C, Thornicroft G. 

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2021 Jan 28:1-23. doi: 10.1017/S2045796021000056. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33504412.

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/epidemiology-and-psychiatric-sciences/article/reducing-stigma-and-discrimination-associated-with-covid19-early-stage-pandemic-rapid-review-and-practical-recommendations/28A0BC515B698E3669FA842191027B6B

Anxiety and Panic Buying Behaviour during COVID-19 Pandemic—A Qualitative Analysis of Toilet Paper Hoarding Contents on Twitter. 

Leung J, Chung JYC, Tisdale C, Chiu V, Lim CCW, Chan G.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1127. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031127 

https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/3/1127/htm

Coronapandemie senkt Nachfrage nach HIV-Präexpositionsprophylaxe

Berlin – Die Nachfrage nach der Präexpositionsprophylaxe (PrEP) ist in der Coronapandemie deutlich zurückgegangen. Das zeigt eine interne Abfrage des Robert-Koch-Instituts (RKI) unter Einrichtungen, die PrEP verschreiben, wie aus einer Antwort der Bundesregierung auf eine Kleine Anfrage der FDP-Fraktion im Bundestag hervorgeht. Demnach hat die Nachfrage nach PrEP bei 76 Prozent der Zentren abgenommen. (aerzteblatt.de, 04.02.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/120826/Coronapandemie-senkt-Nachfrage-nach-HIV-Praeexpositionsprophylaxe

WHO. 2021 designated as the International Year of Health and Care Workers

Member States at the resumed virtual, 73rd World Health Assembly, recognizing the dedication and sacrifice of the millions of health and care workers at the forefront of the Covid-19 pandemic, unanimously designated 2021 as the International Year of Health and Care Workers (YHCW). (WHO, Genf, 11.11.2020)

https://www.who.int/news/item/11-11-2020-2021-designated-as-the-international-year-of-health-and-care-workers

UN75—Race, COVID-19, and the War on Drugs (Video)

While the 2020 U.S. elections delivered an unprecedented wave of victories for drug policy reform measures across all parts of the country, this year also brought to the forefront the most egregious aspects of the war on drugs and racial inequality, magnified through the deaths of Breonna Taylor, George Floyd, and too many others. Violence and police misconduct, especially against people of color, continues to be rationalized by being tied to victims’ alleged and actual involvement with drugs. At the same time, Black, Preto, and BAME communities have suffered some of the worst health related effects of COVID-19.

In this discussion we bring together UN experts on racism and discrimination, parliamentarians, journalists, and activists to look at how race, drugs, and repression affect the United States, the United Kingdom, and Brazil, and how these new, but not novel, abuses of power can be addressed effectively, through high-level policy change and tireless activism on the streets.

This event is part of UN75 Dialogues, an initiative to spark conversations on priorities for the future, obstacles to achieving them, and the role of international cooperation in making progress. (OSF – Open Society Foundations, USA, 04.12.2020, Video, 01:27:35)

https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/events/un75race-covid-19-and-the-war-on-drugs

Springer Nature CEO calls for greater collaboration across the research community to accelerate open science, building on lessons learnt from COVID-19

Partnership and collaboration fundamental to achieving benefits of open science, says Vrancken Peeters. (Springer Nature Group, London, 12.01.2021)

https://group.springernature.com/gp/group/media/press-releases/springer-nature-ceo-calls-for-greater-collaboration/18757378

The 432-year-old manual on social distancing

BBC Future, 07.01.2021

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20210107-the-432-year-old-manual-on-social-distancing

USA. COVIDLAND – ein Kurzfilm über Hoffnung auf Überleben in einer Intensivstation

Im November und Dezember vergangenen Jahres filmte Prof. Jeffrey B. Teitler, MFA, auf der Intensivstation am Hartford Hospital in Hartford in Connecticut, vor welchen schwierigen Entscheidungen die Ärzte in der Corona-Pandemie manchmal stehen.

Teitler ist ein preisgekrönter Dokumentarfilmer und Professor am Department of Communication an der Central Connecticut State University, New Britain. Er erhielt die Erlaubnis, einige Tage die Intensivmedizinerin Dr. Megan Panico zu begleiten und schuf mit seinen Beobachtungen eine sensible Hommage über den täglichen Kampf am Krankenbett. (Medscape, 14.01.2021, Video,07:28)

https://deutsch.medscape.com/artikelansicht/4909630

Rückblick 2020: Die Welt im Griff des Virus

Aerzteblatt-online - Jahresrückblick 2020

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/119821/Rueckblick-2020-Die-Welt-im-Griff-des-Virus

Characterizing Weibo Social Media Posts From Wuhan, China During the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Qualitative Content Analysis. 

Xu Q, Shen Z, Shah N, Cuomo R, Cai M, Brown M, Li J, Mackey T. 

JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2020 Dec 7;6(4):e24125. doi: 10.2196/24125. PMID: 33175693; PMCID: PMC7722484.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7722484/

EMCDDA. EMCDDA releases study findings on the impact of COVID-19 on drug markets, use and services in the southern ENP region

The emergence of new drug trafficking routes, the reduced availability of drug-related health services and the adaptation of drug treatment protocols during the COVID-19 pandemic are among the findings highlighted today in a new EMCDDA report: Impact of COVID-19 on drug markets, drug use, drug-related harms and responses in south European Neighbourhood Policy countries. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, 22.12.2020)

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/news/2020/emcdda-releases-study-findings-on-the-impact-of-covid-19-on-drug-markets-use-and-services-in-the-southern-enp-region_en

New psychoactive substances: global markets, glocal threats and the COVID-19 pandemic — an update from the EU Early Warning System

Summary

In this update from the the EU Early Warning System aims to provide insights into what is happening with new psychoactive substances in Europe, based on data from the agency’s early warning and risk-assessment activities. The report covers the period until October 2020 and this year focuses on global markets, glocal threats and the COVID-19 pandemic. (EMCDDA, Lissabon, Dezember 2020 

https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/publications/13464/20205648_TD0320796ENN_PDF_rev.pdf

Participation of the nursing workforce to address COVID-19 among people who use alcohol, tobacco, and drugs. 

Guilamo-Ramos V, Benzekri A, Thimm-Kaiser M, Abram M, Hagan H. 

Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Sep;83:102831. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102831. Epub 2020 Jul 3. PMID: 32654929; PMCID: PMC7332926.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7332926/

Kolumbien. Drogensucht in Bogotá »Ich musste von Leuten stehlen – einfach nur, um ›glücklich‹ zu sein« 

In der Hauptstadt Kolumbiens sind viele Obdachlose abhängig von Basuco, einem Kokain-Nebenprodukt. Einige konnten den Pandemie-Lockdown für den Entzug nutzen – in der sogenannten Oase. (Spiegel online, 28.11.2020)

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/drogen-in-bogota-ich-musste-von-leuten-stehlen-einfach-nur-um-gluecklich-zu-sein-a-98e3382b-14fc-4294-927b-8ebe7f91f6fb

EMCDDA-Webinar: COVID-19 induced recession and drug-related problems (16th of December at 12:00 (Lisbon time) (13:00 in Berlin)

A conversation with
Paul De Grauwe - John Paulson Chair in European Political Economy, European Institute, London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom
James Windle - Lecturer & Director of BA Criminology, Department of Sociology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Bruno Casal Rodriguez - Professor of Applied Economics, University of A Coruña, UDC · Department of Applied Economics I, Coruña, Spain
Chairperson: Claudia Costa Storti, EMCDDA;
Opening remarks: Jane Mounteney, EMCDDA 

https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_RqqDD1BKQNSAZCjHaXr2gQ

Australien. Decline in reported availability of methamphetamine and heroin during COVID-19 restrictions

(…) Out of the 884 people interviewed from capital cities who regularly inject drugs as part of the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), 71 per cent of those who commented noted a decline in availability since COVID-19 restrictions for crystal methamphetamine and 45 per cent for heroin.

Interviewees also noted that the price of crystal methamphetamine (62 per cent) and heroin (91 per cent) had increased since the beginning of March since COVID-19 restrictions compared to before. (Drug Trends, University of New South Wales' National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, 05.11.2020)

https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/news/decline-reported-availability-methamphetamine-and-heroin-during-covid-19-restrictions

The impact of heroin illicit market in the framework of COVID 19 pandemic. 

Marinelli E. 

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2020 May;24(10):5197-5198. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202005_21299. PMID: 32495850.

https://www.europeanreview.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/5197-5198.pdf

Frankfurter Buchmesse 2020. Publishing Perspectives Talks: Academic Publishing Leaders (Video)

Top executives at the world's leading academic and scholarly publishing companies come together to exchange experiences and insights dealing with the most important issues facing their businesses today, including open access, transformative agreements, sustainability, and more.

Steven Inchcoombe, Chief Publishing and Solutions Officer Springer Nature

Michiel Kolman, Senior VP of Information Industry Relations Elsevier

Porter Anderson, Editor-in-Chief Publishing Perspectives (Moderator)

Jay Flynn, Chief Product Officer of Research, oversees Wiley’s portfolio of research products ranging from journals to digital platforms Wiley

(Buchmesse Frankfurt 2020, 14.10.2020, Video 60:00)

https://www.buchmesse.de/en/timetable/session/publishing-perspectives-talks-academic-publishing-leaders

Kim Sledge rocks 73rd World Health Assembly with special edition cover of We Are Family (Video)

Kim Sledge, Grammy Award winning international artist and member of the legendary group Sister Sledge, and global social impact enterprise the World We Want, have joined forces with the World Health Organization and the WHO Foundation to promote global solidarity and health for all through the “We Are Family” campaign. Kim has released a special edition cover of the classic song, “We Are Family,” and a unique video for the song was prepared for the resumed 73rd World Health Assembly, and aired on 9 November 2020. (Video, 04:51)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUunpqU61RI&feature=youtu.be

Europa. Triage-Empfehlungen grenzüberschreitend betrachtet - Eine Befragung europäischer Intensivmediziner 

Die Belastung der Gesundheitssysteme durch die COVID-19-Pandemie hat eine grenzüberschreitende Debatte darüber angestoßen, wie über die Zuteilung intensivmedizinischer Ressourcen entschieden werden sollte, wenn diese nicht mehr für alle Behandlungsbedürftigen reichen (sog. Triage-Situation). Mittlerweile gibt es dazu verschiedene Leitlinien, Empfehlungen und Handreichungen. Unsere Befragung europäischer Intensivmediziner vermittelt einen Eindruck, welches Vorgehen in neun Ländern empfohlen wird. (Katja Gelinsky, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, 23.10.2020)

https://www.kas.de/de/einzeltitel/-/content/triage-empfehlungen-grenzueberschreitend-betrachtet

Susceptibility to misinformation about COVID-19 around the world

Jon Roozenbeek , Claudia R. Schneider , Sarah Dryhurst , John Kerr , Alexandra L. J. Freeman , Gabriel Recchia , Anne Marthe van der Bles and Sander van der Linden

R. Soc. open sci.7201199, doi.org/10.1098/rsos.201199

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.201199

A global survey of potential acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine. 

Lazarus, J.V., Ratzan, S.C., Palayew, A. et al. 

Nat Med (2020). doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1124-9

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-1124-9

Kim Sledge and the World We Want partner with WHO Foundation to re-record unity anthem “We Are Family” in response to COVID-19 and to focus on global public health needs

The inspiration to release a special edition of the classic track came in March 2020 as communities around the world were left reeling from the impact of COVID-19.

Kim Sledge said: “From the doctors and nurses on the front lines, to the paramedics and police, from the midwives and scientists to the carers for the vulnerable, the We Are Family initiative will salute each and every one with a feeling of unity, strength and solidarity in response to the unprecedented challenges the world faces as a result of the coronavirus outbreak.”

Sie können mitmachen: „Record yourself singing We Are Family either alone, or with friends and family, whilst observing physical distancing guidelines. (…) Video clips will be selected based on age, geographical diversity, and appropriate physical distancing if the video includes groups of people beyond immediate family members and correct handwashing if singing along to the song while washing hands.“ (WHO, 22.10.2020)

https://www.who.int/news/item/19-10-2020-kim-sledge-and-the-world-we-want-partner-with-who-foundation-to-re-record-unity-anthem-we-are-family-in-response-to-covid-19-and-to-focus-on-global-public-health-needs

Europe's COVID-19 Spending Spree Unmasked

As countries across Europe went into lockdown earlier this year to fight the COVID-19 pandemic, there was one early and obvious casualty: transparency. In the rush to obtain critical supplies, many countries suspended their usual public procurement rules, resulting in billions of euros of spending that remains largely hidden from the public.

So we at the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) decided to find out what happened to that money.

Along with media partners in 37 countries, we collected information from over 37,000 COVID-19 related tenders and contracts worth over 20.8 billion euros (U.S $24.5 billion), running from February to October this year. They cover key goods such as personal protective equipment (PPE), ventilators, tests, and medications.

What we found was often fascinating. (OCCRP - Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, 21.10.2020)

https://www.occrp.org/en/coronavirus/europes-covid-19-spending-spree-unmasked

Wissenschaftler befürchten breites Misstrauen gegen Coronaimpfstoff

Paris – Wissenschaftler befürchten ein breites Misstrauen in der Bevölkerung gegen einen Coronaimpfstoff. In einer gestern veröffentlichten Studie zeigen die Forscher, dass sich weltweit Millionen Menschen gegen eine Coronaimpfung entscheiden könnten. (arzteblatt.de, 21.10.2020)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/117607/Wissenschaftler-befuerchten-breites-Misstrauen-gegen-Coronaimpfstoff

SARS-CoV-2: Bereitschaft zur Impfung ist international unterschiedlich

Barcelona – Nicht alle Menschen würden sich impfen lassen, wenn es morgen einen sicheren und effektiven Impfstoff gegen SARS-CoV-2 gäbe. In einer internationalen Umfrage in 19 Ländern signalisierten 72 % ihre Bereitschaft. (aerzteblatt.de, 23.10.2020)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/117644/SARS-CoV-2-Bereitschaft-zur-Impfung-ist-international-unterschiedlich

USA. CDC: Trick or Treating and Other Halloween Activities - Steps to Take when Trick or Treating

Traditional Halloween activities are fun, but some can increase the risk of getting or spreading COVID-19 or influenza. Plan alternate ways to participate in Halloween. (CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA, 09.10.2020)

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/holidays/halloween.html

Mexiko. Mexican Cartels Pose New National Security Threat Post-COVID: Study

Rising youth unemployment will provide a “fertile field” for the expansion of Mexico’s crime cartels in the aftermath of COVID-19, predict three researchers who studied the impact of the pandemic on crime rates in Mexico City. (The Crime Report, USA, 05.10.2020)

https://thecrimereport.org/2020/10/05/mexican-cartels-pose-new-national-security-threat-post-covid-study/

COVID-19, comics, and the visual culture of contagion

Callender, Brian et al.

The Lancet, Volume 396, Issue 10257, 1061 - 1063

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)32084-5/fulltext