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Implementation of a Recuperation Unit and Hospitalization Rates Among People Experiencing Homelessness With COVID-19. 

Barocas JA, Gai MJ, White LF, Faretra D, Sachs K, Komaromy M. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Mar 1;4(3):e212826. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2826. PMID: 33688963; PMCID: PMC7948053.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7948053/

COVID-19 Social Restrictions: An Opportunity to Re-visit the Concept of Harm Reduction in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence. A Position Paper. 

Kouimtsidis C, Pauly B, Parkes T, Stockwell T, Baldacchino AM. 

Front Psychiatry. 2021 Feb 18;12:623649. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.623649. PMID: 33679480; PMCID: PMC7930817.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7930817/

Ingenuity and resiliency of syringe service programs on the front lines of the opioid overdose and COVID-19 crises. 

Wenger LD, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN, Morris T, Ongais L, Lambdin BH. 

Transl Res. 2021 Mar 18:S1931-5244(21)00074-8. doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2021.03.011. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33746108.

https://www.translationalres.com/article/S1931-5244(21)00074-8/fulltext

Kanada. British Columbia. Safe drug supply program still not reaching enough people in B.C., say advocates

The province says 3,329 people are now receiving hydromorphone as a safer alternative to toxic street drugs. (CBC, Kanada, 26.03.2021)

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/bc-safe-supply-drug-prescription-one-year-1.5964963

USA. Harm Reduction Services to Get $30 Million in First-Ever Federal Funding

The $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan signed into law last week contained a series of provisions that have excited Democrats and progressives. (…) 

Buried beneath the billions allocated for big-ticket items, three paragraphs in the 242-page legislation have given harm reductionists cause for celebration. They allocate $30 million for a range of harm reduction services and spell out a seismic change for the federal government’s approach to harm reduction. It is the first time the federal government has ever provided funding for such services. (Filter, USA, 16.03.2021)

https://filtermag.org/harm-reduction-federal-funding/

USA. Covid-19’s big public health lesson: Ask people to be careful, not perfect

Harm reduction works. Covid-19 has proved it. (VOX, USA, 15.03.2021)

https://www.vox.com/22315478/covid-19-coronavirus-harm-reduction-abstinence

‘They already operated like it was a crisis, because it always has been a crisis’: a qualitative exploration of the response of one homeless service in Scotland to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Parkes, T., Carver, H., Masterton, W. et al. 

Harm Reduct J 18, 26 (2021). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00472-w

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-021-00472-w

COVID-19 AND PEOPLE WHO USE DRUGS - Essential interventions to save lives and protect people

Pompidou Group of the Council of Europe and Correlation – European Harm Reduction Network, Februar 2021

https://www.correlation-net.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/covid_pwud_pompidou_cehrn.pdf

A Pilot Study of Peer-to-Peer SBIRT Simulation as a Clinical Telehealth Training Tool During COVID-19. 

Washburn M, Zhou S, Sampson M, Palmer A. 

Clin Soc Work J. 2021 Feb 25:1-15. doi: 10.1007/s10615-021-00799-8. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33649691; PMCID: PMC7904511.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10615-021-00799-8

Seroprevalence and risk factors of exposure to COVID-19 in homeless people in Paris, France: a cross-sectional study

Roederer, Thomas et al.

The Lancet Public Health, Volume 0, Issue 0 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(21)00001-3/fulltext

COVID-19 and homelessness: when crises intersect

Baggett, Travis P et al.

The Lancet Public Health, Volume 0, Issue 0 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(21)00022-0/fulltext

Assessment of a Hotel-Based COVID-19 Isolation and Quarantine Strategy for Persons Experiencing Homelessness. 

Fuchs JD, Carter HC, Evans J, Graham-Squire D, Imbert E, Bloome J, Fann C, Skotnes T, Sears J, Pfeifer-Rosenblum R, Moughamian A, Eveland J, Reed A, Borne D, Lee M, Rosenthal M, Jain V, Bobba N, Kushel M, Kanzaria HK. 

JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Mar 1;4(3):e210490. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0490. PMID: 33651111.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2776930

Vaccination plus Decarceration - Stopping Covid-19 in Jails and Prisons. 

Barsky BA, Reinhart E, Farmer P, Keshavjee S. 

N Engl J Med. 2021 Mar 3. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2100609. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33657290.

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2100609

Adapting harm reduction services during COVID-19: lessons from the supervised injecting facilities in Australia. 

Roxburgh, A., Jauncey, M., Day, C. et al.

Harm Reduct J 18, 20 (2021). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00471-x

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-021-00471-x

Harm Reduction Tips for Avoiding COVID19 when Buying Drugs

This advice aims to protect you, your dealer, the police, and everyone.  It is safer for one dealer to visit lots of customers than for several customers to visit one dealer; both options are covered below.  Ask your dealer to follow these steps too. (inpud.net, 2020)

https://www.inpud.net/en/harm-reduction-tips-avoiding-covid19-when-buying-drugs

Harm Reduction Tips for Avoiding COVID19 while Drug Dealing

This advice aims to protect you, your customers, the police, and everyone.  It is safer for one dealer to visit several customers than for several customers to visit one dealer, but both options are covered below. (inpud.net, 2020)

https://www.inpud.net/en/harm-reduction-tips-avoiding-covid19-while-drug-dealing

Harm Reduction Advice for Heroin/Opioid Users on Avoiding COVID19

(inpud.net, 2020)

https://www.inpud.net/en/harm-reduction-advice-heroinopioid-users-avoiding-covid19

Portugal. Lisbon, Portugal, Brings Alcohol Harm Reduction to Unhoused People

Around the world, unhoused people lost access to drugs they need to survive as a result of disruptions to incomes and reduced retail hours caused by COVID-19 lockdown measures. Unlike countries such as the United States, Portuguese authorities quickly outlined an alcohol harm reduction vision for unhoused people as the country’s COVID-19 outbreak got under way in March 2020. (Filter, USA, 27.01.2021)

https://filtermag.org/portugal-managed-alcohol-program/

Kanada. Government of Canada supports four safer drug supply projects in British Columbia

Life-saving initiatives will provide pharmaceutical-grade medication as alternative to toxic illegal drug supply during COVID-19 outbreak and beyond

Vancouver, BC, Health Canada, 01.02.2021)

https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/news/2021/02/government-of-canada-supports-four-safer-drug-supply-projects-in-british-columbia.html

Kanada. Montreal safe injection site loses clientele amid fears of curfew fines

MONTREAL -- Montreal safe injection sites are seeing a sharp decline in users since Quebec's 8 p.m. curfew came into effect, and organizers are worried it could lead to a spike in overdoses. (CTV News, Kanada, 28.01.2021)

https://montreal.ctvnews.ca/montreal-safe-injection-site-loses-clientele-amid-fears-of-curfew-fines-1.5286739

Lisbon’s COVID 19 response: harm reduction interventions for people who use alcohol and other drugs in emergency shelters.

Fuertes, R., Belo, E., Merendeiro, C. et al. 

Harm Reduct J 18, 13 (2021). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00463-x

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-021-00463-x

The Double Effect of COVID-19 Confinement Measures and Economic Recession on High-Risk Drug Users and Drug Services. 

Costa Storti C, Bretteville-Jensen AL, De Grauwe P, Moeller K, Mounteney J, Stevens A. 

Eur Addict Res. 2021 Jan 21:1-3. doi: 10.1159/000513883. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33477135.

https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/513883

COVID-19 and Rural Harm Reduction Challenges in the US Southern Mountains. 

Ostrach B, Buer LM, Armbruster S, Brown H, Yochym G, Zaller N. 

J Rural Health. 2021 Jan;37(1):252-255. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12499. Epub 2020 Jul 21. PMID: 32652621; PMCID: PMC7405265.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7405265/

Harm reduction service delivery to people who use drugs during a public health emergency: Examples from the COVID-19 pandemic in selected countries.

Graham Shaw. EHRA: Vilnius, Lithuania. 

Eurasian Harm Reduction Association (2020).

http://fileserver.idpc.net/library/Harm-reduction-service-delivery-to-people-who-use-drugs-during-a-public-health-emergency.pdf

With crisis comes opportunity: Unanticipated benefits resulting from pivots to take-home naloxone (THN) programs during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Courser MW, Raffle H. 

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2020 Dec 4:108220. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2020.108220. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33309390.

https://www.journalofsubstanceabusetreatment.com/article/S0740-5472(20)30477-3/fulltext

Considering the harms of our habits: The reflexive urine drug screen in opioid use disorder treatment. 

Khatri UG, Aronowitz SV. 

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2020 Dec 20:108258. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2020.108258. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33358617.

Abstract

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33358617/

COVID-19 in marginalised groups: challenges, actions and voices

NLO – Nobody left outside, NLO briefing paper, August 2020

https://mcusercontent.com/719c55c8a2c9fe8b230503cb1/files/71deace5-2af6-42d7-ba1a-df04317d5c8c/briefing_paper_NLO_COVID_19.pdf

VOICES OF FRONTLINE WORKERS: HARM REDUCTION RESPONSES IN THE EUROPEAN REGION DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC 

(European Harm Reduction Network, Correlation (Niederlande), 2020)

https://www.correlation-net.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/briefing-paper_Covid-report_final.pdf

Opportunities to Offer Harm Reduction to People who Inject Drugs During Infectious Disease Encounters: Narrative Review. 

Peckham AM, Young EH. 

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2020 Oct 20;7(11):ofaa503. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofaa503. PMID: 33241069; PMCID: PMC7676504.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7676504/

A Supplemental Report on British Columbia’s Unregulated Drug Supply Amidst Dual Public Health Emergencies: Results from British Columbia’s Community Drug Checking Service, January 2020 – October 2020.

Long V, Tobias S, Lysyshyn M, Sage C, Bridgeman J, Herman D, Custance A, Patel P, Matthews J, Pearce H, Ti L.  

Vancouver: BC Centre on Substance Use. 2020.

https://drugcheckingbc.ca/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2020/12/BCCSU_BCs_DC_Supplemental_Report.pdf