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HIV, psychological resilience, and substance misuse during the COVID-19 pandemic: A multi-cohort study. 

Baum MK, Tamargo JA, Diaz-Martinez J, Delgado-Enciso I, Meade CS, Kirk GD, Mehta SH, Moore R, Kipke MD, Shoptaw SJ, Mustanski B, Mandler RN, Khalsa JH, Siminski S, Javanbakht M, Gorbach PM. 

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Dec 24;231:109230. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.109230. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34998257; PMCID: PMC8704725.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8704725/

Factors Associated with COVID-19 Testing among People who Inject Drugs: Missed Opportunities for Reaching those Most at Risk. 

Yeager S, Abramovitz D, Harvey-Vera A, Vera CF, Algarin AB, Smith LR, Rangel G, Artamonova I, Patterson TL, Bazzi AR, Brugman EL, Strathdee SA. 

medRxiv [Preprint]. 2022 Jan 5:2022.01.04.22268749. doi: 10.1101/2022.01.04.22268749. PMID: 35018388; PMCID: PMC8750714.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8750714/

The Association of Drug-Use Characteristics and Active Coping Styles With Positive Affect in Patients With Heroin-Use Disorder and Methamphetamine-Use Disorder During the COVID-19 Pandemic. 

Wang Y, Zuo J, Wang L, Wang Q, Wang X, Yang Q, Wu HE, Goodman CB, Wang D, Liu T, Zhang X. 

Front Public Health. 2021 Dec 3;9:739068. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.739068. PMID: 34926370; PMCID: PMC8677928.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8677928/

Drugs of Abuse and Their Impact on Viral Pathogenesis. 

Blackard JT, Sherman KE. 

Viruses. 2021 Nov 29;13(12):2387. doi: 10.3390/v13122387. PMID: 34960656; PMCID: PMC8707190.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8707190/

The effect of opium on severity of COVID-19 infection:An original study from Iran. 

Riahi T, Sadeghzadeh-Bazargan A, Shokri S, Ahmadvand D, Hassanlouei B, Baghestani A, Khazaeian A, Seifi Gharabaghloo F, Hassanzadeh M, Goodarzi A. 

Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2021 Sep 8;35:115. doi: 10.47176/mjiri.35.115. PMID: 34956961; PMCID: PMC8683804.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8683804/

Substance, use in relation to COVID-19: A scoping review. 

Kumar N, Janmohamed K, Nyhan K, Martins SS, Cerda M, Hasin D, Scott J, Sarpong Frimpong A, Pates R, Ghandour LA, Wazaify M, Khoshnood K. 

Addict Behav. 2021 Dec 18;127:107213. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107213. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34959077; PMCID: PMC8684053.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8684053/

Cannabinoids Block Cellular Entry of SARS-CoV-2 and the Emerging Variants. 

van Breemen RB, Muchiri RN, Bates TA, Weinstein JB, Leier HC, Farley S, Tafesse FG. 

J Nat Prod. 2022 Jan 10. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.1c00946. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35007072.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.1c00946#

Weniger Jugendliche mit Alkoholvergiftung in Klinik

Hannover – Die Zahl der mit Alkoholvergiftungen in Krankenhäusern behandelten Jugendlichen in Deutsch­land ist im ersten Pandemiejahr 2020 laut einer Hochrechnung der Krankenkasse KKH so deutlich gesunken wie lange nicht.

Wie die KKH heute in Hannover mitteilte, wurden in jenem Jahr rund zwölftausend Jugendliche im Alter von zwölf bis 18 Jahren mit einer Alkoholvergiftung stationär in einer Klinik versorgt. Im Vorjahr 2019 waren es dagegen noch rund 17.000 gewesen. (aerzteblatt.de, 05.01.2022)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/130608/Weniger-Jugendliche-mit-Alkoholvergiftung-in-Klinik

Mehr Raucher und bedenklicher Alkoholkonsum sind mögliche Pandemiefolgen

Berlin – Der Anteil der Raucher in Deutschland steigt wieder: Er liegt derzeit bei fast 31 Prozent bei Menschen ab 14 Jahren, wie aus der Langzeitstudie Debra (Deutsche Befragung zum Rauchverhalten) hervorgeht. Ende 2019, vor Corona, lag der Anteil der Raucherinnen und Raucher in der Bevölkerung noch bei etwa 27 Prozent. (aerzteblatt.de, 27.12.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/130417/Mehr-Raucher-und-bedenklicher-Alkoholkonsum-sind-moegliche-Pandemiefolgen

SARS-CoV-2 infection and coronavirus disease 2019 severity in persons with HIV on antiretroviral treatment, 

del Amo, Juliaa; Polo, Rosaa; Moreno, Santiagob,c; Jarrín, Inmac,d; Hernán, Miguel A.e 

AIDS: February 1, 2022 - Volume 36 - Issue 2 - p 161-168

doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000003132

https://journals.lww.com/aidsonline/Fulltext/2022/02010/SARS_CoV_2_infection_and_coronavirus_disease_2019.1.aspx

USA. NIDA. Percentage of adolescents reporting drug use decreased significantly in 2021 as the COVID-19 pandemic endured. 

National Institute on Drug Abuse website. (NIDA, USA, 15.12.2021)

https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2021/12/percentage-of-adolescents-reporting-drug-use-decreased-significantly-in-2021-as-the-covid-19-pandemic-endured

Effect of Increased Alcohol Consumption During COVID-19 Pandemic on Alcohol-related Liver Disease: A Modeling Study. 

Julien, J., Ayer, T., Tapper, E.B., Barbosa, C., Dowd, W. and Chhatwal, J. (2022), 

Hepatology. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi.org/10.1002/hep.32272

https://aasldpubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/hep.32272

Influence of COVID-19 Pandemic Uncertainty in Negative Emotional States and Resilience as Mediators against Suicide Ideation,

García-Rivera BR, García-Alcaraz JL, Mendoza-Martínez IA, Olguin-Tiznado JE, García-Alcaráz P, Aranibar MF, Camargo-Wilson C. 

Drug Addiction and Alcoholism. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Dec 7;18(24):12891. doi: 10.3390/ijerph182412891. PMID: 34948502; PMCID: PMC8701151.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8701151/

Considerations for COVID-19 management in reception centers for refugees, asylum seekers and migrants, Spain 2020. 

Hoefer A, Pampaka D, Castrillejo D, Luenga-Cabrera J, Paisi M, Herrera-León S, López-Perea N, Del Diego-Salas J. 

Int J Infect Dis. 2021 Dec 21:S1201-9712(21)01240-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2021.12.341. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34952212; PMCID: PMC8690219.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8690219/

COVID-19 and the global acceleration of digital psychiatry

Stein, Dan J et al.

The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 9, Issue 1, 8 - 9 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(21)00474-0/fulltext

Forschungsaktivitäten zu den Auswirkungen von COVID-19 auf den Substanzkonsum, die Entwicklung von Verhaltenssüchten sowie das Suchthilfesystem. 

Suren, E., Dewitz, M., Bodemer, N., Lohmann, K. (2021): 

Berlin: Institut für Innovation und Technik (iit) in der VDI/VDE-IT.

https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/fileadmin/Dateien/5_Publikationen/Drogen_und_Sucht/Berichte/Abschlussbericht/Corona_und_Sucht_Abschlussbericht.pdf

Managed alcohol: one community’s innovative response to risk management during COVID-19. 

Brocious, H., Trawver, K. & Demientieff, L.X. 

Harm Reduct J 18, 125 (2021). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00574-5

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-021-00574-5

A longitudinal investigation of the impact of emotional reactivity and COVID-19 stress exposure on substance use during the pandemic. 

Bounoua N, Sadeh N. 

J Affect Disord Rep. 2021 Dec;6:100284. doi: 10.1016/j.jadr.2021.100284. Epub 2021 Nov 29. PMID: 34901917; PMCID: PMC8645250.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8645250/

Changes in Substance Use Among People Seeking Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evaluating Mental Health Outcomes and Resilience. 

Carlyle M, Leung J, Walter ZC, Juckel J, Salom C, Quinn CA, Davidson L, Ellem R, Newland G, Hides L. 

Subst Abuse. 2021 Dec 6;15:11782218211061746. doi: 10.1177/11782218211061746. PMID: 34898986; PMCID: PMC8655460.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8655460/

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Portuguese population: Consumption of alcohol, stimulant drinks, illegal substances, and pharmaceuticals. 

Fernandes S, Sosa-Napolskij M, Lobo G, Silva I.

PLoS One. 2021 Nov 19;16(11):e0260322. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0260322. PMID: 34797874; PMCID: PMC8604309.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8604309/

SMART Recovery International and COVID-19: Expanding the reach of mutual support through online groups. 

Kelly PJ, McCreanor K, Beck AK, Ingram I, O'Brien D, King A, McGlaughlin R, Argent A, Ruth M, Hansen BS, Andersen D, Manning V, Shakeshaft A, Hides L, Larance B. 

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2021 Dec;131:108568. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108568. Epub 2021 Jul 21. PMID: 34446323; PMCID: PMC8639485.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8639485/

Zahl der Rauschtrinker in Deutschland gestiegen

Hannover – Die Zahl der Rauschtrinker in Deutschland ist deutlich gestiegen. Wie die Kaufmännische Krankenkasse (KKH) heute in Hannover mitteilte, wurden im Coronajahr 2020 bundesweit rund 34 Prozent mehr Versicherte wegen einer Abhängigkeit, Entzugserscheinungen, eines akuten Rausches oder psychischer Probleme aufgrund von Alkohol ärztlich behandelt als noch vor zehn Jahren. (aerzteblatt.de, 14.12.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/129986/Zahl-der-Rauschtrinker-in-Deutschland-gestiegen

Levamisole-induced and COVID-19-induced retiform purpura: two overlapping, emerging clinical syndromes. 

Keim CK, Schwartz RA, Kapila R. 

Arch Dermatol Res. 2021 Nov 22:1–9. doi: 10.1007/s00403-021-02303-1. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34807290; PMCID: PMC8607060.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8607060/

Dunn, M., Piatkowski, T. Investigating the impact of COVID-19 on performance and image enhancing drug use. 

Harm Reduct J 18, 124 (2021). doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00571-8

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-021-00571-8

Victories against AIDS have lessons for COVID-19

Anthony Fauci on four decades of progress against HIV, and what’s needed for the future. (Nature, USA, 29.11.2021)

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-03569-1

Medium-term and peri-lockdown course of psychosocial burden during the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic: A longitudinal study on patients with pre-existing mental disorders. 

Bartels C, Hessmann P, Schmidt U, Vogelgsang J, Ruhleder M, Kratzenberg A, Treptow M, Reh-Bergen T, Abdel-Hamid M, Heß L, Meiser M, Signerski-Krieger J, Radenbach K, Trost S, Schott BH, Wiltfang J, Wolff-Menzler C, Belz M (2021): 

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. DOI: 10.1007/s00406-021-01351-y

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8614217/

Substanzabhängigkeit erhöht Risiko für COVID-19

Auswertungen aus den USA belegen, dass Menschen mit einer Abhängigkeit von Alkohol, Tabak, Opioiden oder Kokain häufiger an COVID-19 erkranken und eher schwere Verläufe haben. (drugcom.de, 14.10.2020)

https://www.drugcom.de/news/substanzabhaengigkeit-erhoeht-risiko-fuer-covid-19/

Africa: tackle HIV and COVID-19 together

Failure to get COVID-19 vaccines to nations with high rates of uncontrolled advanced HIV puts people living with that virus at even greater risk, and could drive the emergence of coronavirus variants.

Nokukhanya Msomi , Richard Lessells , Koleka Mlisana & Tulio de Oliveira

Nature 600, 33-36 (2021), doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-03546-8

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-03546-8

UK. Understanding how COVID-19 impacted on people who use drugs

by Jo Kesten, Research Fellow, NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Behavioural Science and Evaluation, University of Bristol and Catriona Matheson, Professor in Substance Use, University of Stirling

When the COVID-19 pandemic hit the UK in early 2020, there was concern about its impact on vulnerable groups in society. In this blog, Jo Kesten, Research Fellow at the NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Behavioural Science and Evaluation at University of Bristol and Catriona Matheson, Professor at the University of Stirling and Chair of the Ministerial Drug Death Task Force for Scotland, discuss the findings and wider policy implications of two independent research projects to investigate how people who inject drugs were affected. Both studies interviewed people who use drugs in the first national lockdown in 2020 to understand how the pandemic impacted on them. In Scotland, data from online forums, surveys and the police were also used to examine changes in the drugs market.

Key points:

Service innovation can happen quickly in a crisis

Digital inclusion is important if services are to continue with remote contact

Many people struggled with the loss of connection with others

There were fewer infections among interviewees than may have been predicted

Drug markets were more resilient than we had thought

More research needs to be carried out on changes to drug treatment medication policies as our studies recorded slightly different experiences

(NIHR HPRU in Behavioural Science and Evaluation at the University of Bristol, UK, 30.11.2021)

https://hprubse.blogspot.com/2021/11/understanding-how-covid-19-impacted-on.html

COVID-19: Welche Public Health-Maßnahmen wirken am besten?

Melbourne – Die Wirksamkeit der einzelnen Public Health-Maßnahmen, ohne die die erste Welle von COVID-19 nicht gestoppt werden konnte und die derzeit erneut notwendig werden, ist in Studien wenig untersucht. Eine Meta-Analyse fasst die Ergebnisse im Britischen Ärzteblatt (BMJ 2021; 375: e068302) zusammen. Danach könnte eine unterschätzte Maßnahme mit die beste Wirkung erzielen. (aerzteblatt.de, 22.11.2021)

https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/129317/COVID-19-Welche-Public-Health-Massnahmen-wirken-am-besten