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The World Drug Perception Problem: Countering Prejudices About People Who Use Drugs

Drug policy reforms have been difficult to design, legislate or implement because current policies and responses are often based on perceptions and passionate beliefs, and what should be factual discussions leading to effective policies are frequently treated as moral debates. The present report aims to analyze the most common perceptions and fears, contrast them with available evidence on drugs and the people who use them, and provides recommendations on changes that must be enacted to support reforms toward more effective drug policies. (globalcommissionondrugs.org, 2017)

http://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/reports/changing-perceptions/

Türkei. Turkey minister Soylu tells police to break drug dealers' legs

Turkey's Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu has been criticised for saying police should break the legs of drug dealers who are seen outside schools. (BBC, 04.01.2018)

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-42563865

Iran: Änderung des Drogengesetzes könnte 4000 zum Tode Verurteilten das Leben retten

Nach jahrelangem Druck durch die Vereinten Nationen und andere Menschenrechtsvereinigungen hat das iranische Parlament nun eine Änderung des Drogenhandelgesetzes verabschiedet, welches Tausenden von Gefangenen das Leben retten könnte. (Initiative gegen die Todesstrafe, 23.10.2017)

http://www.initiative-gegen-die-todesstrafe.de/nc/aktuelles/nachrichten/details/article/iran.html

No More Broken Promises: Challenges and Opportunities for Key Populations in Demanding More Transparency, Accountability, and Participation in the Global Response Against the HIV and AIDS Epidemic.

Chang Pico TA, Kohler JC, Hoffmann J, Mungala L.

Health Hum Rights. 2017 Dec;19(2):197-209.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5739370/

USA-New York. Opioid Addiction Knows No Color, but Ist Treatment Does

On a street lined with garbage trucks, in an industrial edge of Brooklyn, dozens of people started filing into an unmarked building before the winter sun rose. Patients gather here every day to visit the Vincent Dole Clinic, where they are promised relief from their cravings and from the constant search for heroin on the streets. (NYT, 12.01.2018)

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/nyregion/opioid-addiction-knows-no-color-but-its-treatment-does.html

Euthanasia for what? Attending to the role of stigma in addiction-related ‘intractable suffering’ and ‘incurability’.

Seear, K., and Fraser, S. (2017)

Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14105.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.14105/full

Human Rights Watch: Philippines’ ‘War on Drugs’ (Themenseite)

Since taking office on June 30, 2016, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has carried out a “war on drugs” that has led to the deaths of over 12,000 Filipinos to date, mostly urban poor. At least 2,555 of the killings have been attributed to the Philippine National Police. Duterte and other senior officials have instigated and incited the killings in a campaign that could amount to crimes against humanity.

Human Rights Watch research has found that police are falsifying evidence to justify the unlawful killings. Despite growing calls for an investigation, Duterte has vowed to continue the campaign.

Large-scale extrajudicial violence as a crime solution was a marker of Duterte’s 22-year tenure as mayor of Davao City and the cornerstone of his presidential campaign. On the eve of his May 9, 2016 election victory, Duterte told a crowd of more than 300,000: “If I make it to the presidential palace I will do just what I did as mayor. You drug pushers, holdup men, and do-nothings, you better get out because I'll kill you.” (HRW, Themenseite Philippines’ ‘War on Drugs’, 2017)

https://www.hrw.org/tag/philippines-war-drugs

Iran. Iran's easing of drug laws could halt execution of 5,000 prisoners

Lifting of capital punishment for some drug-trafficking offences set to be applied retrospectively to convicts on death row. (The Guardian, UK, 10.01.2018)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/10/iran-ease-drug-laws-could-halt-execution-5000-prisoners-death-row

Australien. Concerns Over Welfare Remain as Govt Abandons Drug Testing Scheme

The federal government’s move to abandon its controversial drug testing scheme will “stop unnecessary harm being inflicted on thousands of Australians” but the welfare bill could “still make life tougher for people already struggling”, according to voices in the social sector. (probonoaustralia.com, Australien, 04.12.2017)

https://probonoaustralia.com.au/news/2017/12/concerns-welfare-remain-govt-abandons-drug-testing-scheme/

Drug and alcohol treatment providers' views about the disease model of addiction and its impact on clinical practice: A systematic review.

Barnett AI, Hall W, Fry CL, Dilkes-Frayne E, Carter A.

Drug Alcohol Rev. 2017 Dec 14. doi: 10.1111/dar.12632.

Abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29239048

HIV in Russland: Diskriminierung, Ausgrenzung, Angst

In keinem Land steigen die HIV-Neuinfektionszahlen so stark wie in Russland, doch Politik und Gesellschaft sind mit der Krankheit überfordert

Während weltweit die Zahl der HIV-Neuinfektionen zurückgehen, erlebt Russland eine Epidemie. Laut der Weltgesundheitsorganisation WHO hat sich das HI-Virus seit 2010 nirgends schneller verbreitet als in Russland. Einem UN-Report zufolge gab es 2016 in Kasachstan, Usbekistan und Russland 160 000 neue Diagnosen. Damit sei die Region die einzige mit steigenden Infektionszahlen.

https://www.neues-deutschland.de/artikel/1071868.hiv-in-russland-diskriminierung-ausgrenzung-angst.html

Discrimination and drinking: A systematic review of the evidence.

Gilbert PA, Zemore SE.

Soc Sci Med. 2016 Jul;161:178-94. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.06.009. Epub 2016 Jun 9. Review.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4921286/

Philippinen. The Philippines: when the police kill children

The story of Kulot, one of the many teenagers suspected to have been killed as part of President Duterte's war on drugs.  (Al Jazeera, 02.12.2017)

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2017/12/philippines-police-kill-children-171201095145571.html

Australien. Those on methadone don't deserve stigma

Avoidable loss of life is always a tragedy. On December 26, Craig Whitall veered onto the wrong side of the Princes Highway when driving from Nowra to Ulladulla resulting in four deaths, including his own. The details of this tragedy have been reported widely not only because the crash involved an actress but because Whitall's trip was made in the context of his receiving methadone treatment.

There are a number of questions that need to be asked after this accident but the one that should not be posed is "should people on pharmacotherapy for opioid dependence be allowed to drive?".

In line with an accepted evidence base, the national guidelines relevant to methadone state that people who are in stable treatment for opioid dependence do not have a greater risk of a crash and, like all other motorists, should be subject to jurisdictional guidelines. (Sydney Morning Herald, 02.01.2018)

http://www.smh.com.au/comment/those-on-methadone-dont-deserve-stigma-20180101-h0c17q.html

China. Thousands in China watch as 10 people sentenced to death in sport stadium

Residents in Guangdong invited to see group sentenced before they are taken away for summary execution in wake of drugs crackdown. (The Guardian, UK, 18.12.2017)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/dec/18/thousands-china-watch-executed-sport-stadium

The need to exercise caution in accepting addiction as a reason for performing euthanasia.

Hall, W., and Parker, M. (2017)

Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14025.

Abstract

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.14025/abstract